Puerto Toro

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Puerto Toro
Puerto Toro
Puerto Toro
Puerto Toro at the east coast of Navarino Island
Puerto Toro at the east coast of Navarino Island
Coordinates (town): 55°05′00″S 67°04′30″W / 55.08333°S 67.07500°W / -55.08333; -67.07500Coordinates: 55°05′00″S 67°04′30″W / 55.08333°S 67.07500°W / -55.08333; -67.07500
Country Chile
Region Magallanes y Antártica Chilena
ProvinceAntártica Chilena
MunicipalidadCabo de Hornos
ComunaCabo de Hornos
Government
 • TypeMunicipalidad
 • AlcadeHugo Henriquez Matus
Population (2002 census [1])
 • Total36
Time zoneUTC−3 (CLST)
Area code(s)Country + town = 56 + ?

Puerto Toro is a hamlet on the eastern coast of Navarino Island, Chile. Puerto Toro was founded in 1892 during the Tierra del Fuego Gold Rush by Governor of Punta Arenas Señoret.[1][2]

It belongs to the Commune of Cabo de Hornos, in Antártica Chilena Province of Magallanes y Antártica Chilena Region. Excluding research stations in Antarctica, Puerto Toro is the southernmost permanently inhabited community on the globe, and some 3,900 km (2425 miles) off the South Pole. It is the only such community on Earth that is situated below the 55th parallel south. Puerto Toro is inhabited by 36 people according to INE's 2002 census, including fishermen and their families. According to the classification of the seas of the International Hydrographic Organization[3] it is the only Chilean locality (and port) with coasts and waters belonging to the Atlantic Ocean, defining as the limit the meridian of Cape Horn (67°16′ W) from Tierra del Fuego to the Antarctic continent.

Over a hundred years ago, Puerto Toro was one of the most important towns in the region of the Beagle Channel as a result of the Tierra del Fuego gold rush. Once interest in exploring for gold passed, however, Puerto Toro's importance diminished. Today, Puerto Toro is known for "centolla," the prized southern king crab.

Climate[edit]

Puerto Toro is considered to be a Tundra Climate in the Köppen climate classification, despite the fact that it is surrounded by forests.

Climate data for Puerto Toro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
13.6
(56.5)
12.6
(54.7)
10.1
(50.2)
7.1
(44.8)
5.5
(41.9)
4.9
(40.8)
5.1
(41.2)
7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
11.5
(52.7)
13.6
(56.5)
9.6
(49.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.0
(48.2)
8.2
(46.8)
5.9
(42.6)
3.5
(38.3)
2.2
(36)
1.8
(35.2)
1.7
(35.1)
3.8
(38.8)
5.8
(42.4)
7.1
(44.8)
9.3
(48.7)
5.6
(42.1)
Average low °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
4.4
(39.9)
3.8
(38.8)
1.8
(35.2)
0
(32)
−0.9
(30.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
0
(32)
1.6
(34.9)
2.7
(36.9)
5.1
(41.2)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 48
(1.89)
46
(1.81)
47
(1.85)
50
(1.97)
43
(1.69)
37
(1.46)
34
(1.34)
40
(1.57)
30
(1.18)
29
(1.14)
38
(1.5)
45
(1.77)
487
(19.17)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See § 166 b) in Report and decision of the Court of Arbitration
  2. ^ Bascopé Julio, Joaquín. SENTIDOS COLONIALES I. EL ORO Y LA VIDA SALVAJE EN TIERRA DEL FUEGO, 1880 -1914. Magallania
  3. ^ Limits of Oceans and Seas
  4. ^ "Puerto Toro Climate Data". Climate-Data.org. May 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2018.

External links[edit]