Pyuntaza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pyuntaza
ပြွန်တန်ဆာမြို့
Town
Pyuntaza is located in Myanmar
Pyuntaza
Pyuntaza
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 17°52′N 96°44′E / 17.867°N 96.733°E / 17.867; 96.733Coordinates: 17°52′N 96°44′E / 17.867°N 96.733°E / 17.867; 96.733
Country  Burma
Region Bago Region
District Bago District
Township Nyaunglebin Township
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Pyuntaza (Burmese: ပြွန်တန်ဆာမြို့; MLCTS: pywan ti cha mrui.; also spelt Pyuntasa) is a small town located in Nyaunglebin Township, Bago District, Bago Region, Myanmar. It is about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Bago (formerly Pegu).

The dominant ethnic group is Bamar, although there is a substantial number of Karen. The town's main economy consists of rice cultivation and distribution.

Etymology[edit]

The name Pyuntaza comes from the Mon language term plaem sotchaek (ပလီုသစ္စ, Mon pronunciation: [pəlɜ̀m sɔtcɛˀ]), which means "to break vows."[1]

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1891 23,132 —    
1901 52,952 +128.9%
[2]

In the colonial era, Pyuntaza was administered as a township of Pegu District in Lower Burma, covering an area of 1,443 square miles (3,740 km2) and consisting of 232 villages.[2] The township's population in 1901 was 52,952 persons, having more than doubled since 1891 (23,132).[2] The western flank of the former Pyuntaza Township is hilly, while the eastern half is a flat rice-producing area.[2]

From 1920 to 1931, with the emergence of a national railway system extending north-south, Pyuntaza emerged as a railway center town, along with neighbouring Daik-U.[3] By rail, Pyuntaza was 88 miles (142 km) from Rangoon (now Yangon).[4]

During World War II, prominent Burmese barrister U Chan Htoon retreated to Pyuntaza as his place of retirement.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ko Banyar Be (7 November 2013). "မွန်တို့ဌာနေ ရာမည တိုင်းက မွန် အခေါ်အဝေါ်များ" (in Burmese). Burma News International (BNI). Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d Henry Frowde, ed. (1908). The Imperial Gazetteer of India: Pushkar to Salween. XXI. London: Oxford Clarendon Press. pp. 12–13. 
  3. ^ "A Preliminary Review on the Urbanization of Bago (Pegu) Division of Myanmar (Burma)". Research on Urbanization in Burma/Myanmar. 25 September 20. Retrieved 28 August 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Office of the Chief Secretary to the Chief Commissioner, ed. (1893). Notes and Statistics in Four Parts. Rangoon: Government of Burma. p. 273. 
  5. ^ Maung Maung (2008). Robert H. Taylor, ed. Dr. Maung Maung: Gentleman, Scholar, Patriot. Institute of south-east Asian Studies. p. 114. ISBN 9789812304094.