20 April 1938
Chengdu, Sichuan, Republic of China
|Occupation||novelist, screenwriter, lyricist and producer|
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Children||Chen Chung-wei, son|
Chen Che (born 20 April 1938), best known by her pen name Chiung Yao (also romanized as Chung Yao and Qiong Yao), is a Taiwanese writer and producer and often regarded as the most popular romance novelist in the Chinese-speaking world. Her novels have been adapted into more than 100 films and TV dramas.
Chen Che and her twin brother were born during the Second Sino-Japanese War in Chengdu, Sichuan, to parents fleeing Beiping (modern Beijing) which fell to Japanese troops in 1937. Both her father Chen Chi-ping (陳致平) and mother Yuan Xingshu (袁行恕) were highly educated. (Yuan Xingshu's cousins include Yuan Xiaoyuan, Yuan Jing and Yuan Xingpei.) In 1942, the family moved to Chen Chi-ping's hometown of Hengyang, Hunan to join Chen Che's grandfather Chen Moxi (陳墨西). In 1944, following the fall of Hengyang, the Chens survived an arduous journey to the provisional Chinese capital of Chongqing, during which they narrowly escaping death and rape several times.
In 1949, along with her family, she moved to Taiwan, where she attended the Affiliated Experimental Elementary School of University of Taipei (台北师范附小) and Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School. At the age of 16, she published her first novel. During high school she had published over 200 articles. After graduation from high school and failure to enter college, she got married and became a housewife, and at the same time started her writing career. Her first novel, still often read today, is Chuangwai ("Outside the Window").
Chiung Yao's romance novels were very well received in Taiwan when they were first published, and by the 1990s she was also one of the best-selling authors on the mainland. Film adaptations in the 1970s often featured Brigitte Lin, Joan Lin, Charlie Chin and/or Chin Han, who were then collectively known as the "Two Lins and Two Chins".
In December 2014, Yao sued the producers of the television series The Palace: The Lost Daughter, claiming that the show was plagiarized from her 1993 book Meihualao (Plum Blossom Scar).
Chiung Yao's readership and viewership are predominantly female, owing to her emphasis on the feelings of young women.
List of works
|Year||Chinese Title||English Title||Notes|
|1962||情人谷||Lover's Dale||Translated into English by Tommy Lee|
|1963||窗外||Outside the Window|
|1964||煙雨濛濛||Misty Rain||Translated into English by Mark Wilfer and released as Fire and Rain. Also known as Romance in the Rain.|
||Six Dreams||Six Dreams is an anthology of six short stories. Wan-Chun's Three Loves was initially released as a novellette in 1965, then later collected into Six Dreams.|
|1968||彩雲飛||Flying Rosy Clouds||Released as The Young Ones|
|1969||庭院深深||The Deep Garden and Courtyard||Also released as Deep Garden|
|心有千千結||The Heart has a Million Knots|
|1973||一簾幽夢||Dream Curtain||Also known as Dream Link|
|1975||在水一方||One Side of the Water||Also known as The Unforgettable Character|
|雁兒在林梢||The Wild Goose on the Wing|
|1979||夢的衣裳||Clothing of Dreams||Released as My Cape of Many Dreams|
|1984||不曾失落的日子·童年||Escape from Heng Yang||Translated into English by Eugene Lo Wei|
|1990||雪珂||Xue Ke (lit. Snow Jade)|
|望夫崖||Wang Fu Cliff (lit. The "Awaiting Husband" Cliff)|
|1992||青青河邊草||Green Green Grass By The River|
|梅花烙||Plum Blossom Branding|
|1993||水雲間||Between The Water and Cloud|
|1994||新月格格||Princess Xinyue (lit. Princess New-Moon)|
|煙鎖重樓||Smoke Amongst The Floor|
|1997||還珠格格||Princess Pearl||Also known as My Fair Princess and Princess Returning Pearl|
|1998||蒼天有淚||Tears In Heaven|
|1999||還珠格格第二部||Princess Pearl Part 2|
|2003||還珠格格第三部之天上人間||Princess Pearl Part 3: Heaven and Earth|
Chiung Yao has written Mandarin song lyrics for the following singers:
- Teresa Teng
- Chiang Lei
- Fong Fei-fei
- Jenny Tseng
- Shiao Lih-ju
- Gua Ah-leh
- Lee E-jun
- Liu Wen-cheng
- Chiang Shu-na
- Frankie Kao
- Lo Chi-chen
- Lee Pi-hua
- Delphine Tsai
- Yeh Huan
- Pan Yueh-yun
- Kenny Bee
- Sammi Kao
- Chiang Yu-heng
- Kwan Ai
- Lily Duo
- Hung Jung-hung
- Chang Yu-sheng
- Valen Hsu
- Chen Sisi
- Power Station
- Zhao Wei
- Ruby Lin
- Leo Ku
- Liu Pan
- Fang Qiong
- Ma Yu-fen
- Adu Kaniw
- Joanne Tseng
- Jenny Zhang
- Van Fan
- Zhang Rui
- Li Sheng
- Li Ronghao
- Amber An
- Liu Yujia
- Sukie Chung
- Benjamin Schwartz
- Liu Xijun
- Xu Yina
Lawsuit against Yu Zheng
On 15 April 2014, Chiung Yao released an open letter to China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television accusing television screenwriter and producer Yu Zheng of blatant plagiarism "unprecedented and beyond my endurance," seeking the immediate suspension of the broadcast of his TV series Palace 3: The Lost Daughter, which she alleged plagiarized from her 1992 novel Plum Blossom Scar (梅花烙). Yu denied the claim, saying he was a fan of Chiung Yao with no intention of angering her. On April 28, a team led by Wang Jun from Beijing-based Yingke Law Firm filed a plagiarism lawsuit against Yu.
On 5 December, Beijing Third Intermediate People's Court convened the case. Wang Hailin (汪海林), executive director of Chinese Television Series Screenwriter Association, testified as expert witness for Chiung Yao's camp. On December 12, 109 Chinese screenwriters published a joint statement supporting Chiung Yao's lawsuit against Yu Zheng. A day later, an additional 30 Chinese screenwriters made their support of Chiung Yao known.
On 25 December, the court ruled in Chiung Yao's favor, ordering 4 companies to stop distributing and broadcasting The Palace: The Lost Daughter, also demanding Yu Zheng to publicly apologize, and pay Chiung Yao ¥5 million (around $800,000). China Radio International called it a "landmark ruling".
- Ying, Li-hua (2010). Historical Dictionary of Modern Chinese Literature. The Scarecrow Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8108-5516-8.
- Kristof, Nicholas D. (February 19, 1991). "A Taiwan Pop Singer Sways the Mainland". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- Xiao, Zhiwei; Zhang, Yingjin (2002). Encyclopaedia of Chinese Film. Routledge. ISBN 9781134745531.
- Yeh, Emilie Yueh-yu; Davis, Darrell William (2013). Taiwan Film Directors: A Treasure Island. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231502993.
- Feng, Jin (2013). Romancing the Internet: Producing and Consuming Chinese Web Romance. Brill. ISBN 9789004259720.
- Chou, Chou I-ling; Chen, Ted (25 December 2014). "Taiwanese novelist wins 5 million yuan in Beijing court case". Central News Agency. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Lee, Daw-ming (2013). Historical Dictionary of Taiwan Cinema. The Scarecrow Press. pp. 125–8. ISBN 978-0-8108-6792-5.
- Chiung Yao (January 1966). Translated by Tommy Lee. "Lover's Dale". Free China Review. 16 (1).
- Chung Yao (2008). Escape from Heng Yang: The Memoir of a Six-Year-Old Refugee Girl. Translated by Eugene Lo Wei. Dorrance Publishing Company. ISBN 9780805977325.
- Chiung Yao Sues Yu Zheng for Plagiarism
- 琼瑶告于正案首现"专家辅助" 行业内先于法律管理
- 琼瑶诉于正抄袭 109名编剧联名支持
- 继续声援! 又有30余位编剧支持琼瑶诉于正
- "Court Supports Chiung Yao's Plagiarism Charges". 2014-12-25.