Québécois people

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French: Québécois
Total population
~20,000,000 (0.3%)
Regions with significant populations
 Canada11,879,715 (32.7%)
      New Brunswick233,530[dubious ]
 United States2,100,840-10,000,000 (0.7-3%)
 France60,000-80,000 (0.1%)
      Saint Pierre and Miquelon4,650 (76.5%)
 United Kingdom20,000
 Cuba2,140-15,000 (>0.1%)
 Lebanon2,000-12,000 (>0.2%)
 Haitiat least 6,000 (0.1%)
 Netherlandsat least 5,000
 Spainat least 4,000
 Irelandat least 3,000
 Portugalat least 2,000
French (Official, Majority) · English (Official in Canada)
Related ethnic groups
Acadians, French people

Quebecers or Quebeckers[2][3][4] (Québécois in French, and sometimes also in English) are people living in the province of Quebec in Canada. Quebecois tend to usually be French Canadian descendants of the first settlers of Canada and occasionally other non-Quebecois, non-French inhabitants of Quebec.[5]

A majority in the House of Commons of Canada in 2006 approved a motion tabled by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, which stated that the Québécois are a nation within a united Canada.[6] Harper later elaborated that the motion's definition of Québécois relies on personal decisions to self-identify as Québécois, and therefore is a personal choice.[7] However, Gilles Duceppe, the leader of the Bloc Québécois, a sovereigntist party which then held the majority of seats in Quebec, disputed this view, stating that the Bloc considered the term "Québécois" to include all inhabitants of Quebec and accusing the Conservatives of wishing to ascribe an ethnic meaning to it.[8] Self-identification as Québécois became dominant in the 1960s; prior to this, the Francophone people of Quebec identified themselves as French Canadians.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Geography, New. "NewGeography". newgeography.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Quebec's voters will decide tuition conflict; Education Minister Michelle Courchesne (with video)".[dead link]
  3. ^ Andy Radia (1 August 2012). "It's official: Quebecers are going to the polls September 4". Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  4. ^ "With Canada's four medals all won by Quebeckers, Parti Quebecois leader says province could shine as independent country". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. 2012-07-31.
  5. ^ Michael M. Brescia, John C. Super. North America: an introduction. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2009. Pp. 72.
  6. ^ Michael M. Brescia, John C. Super. North America: an introduction. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2009. Pp. 72.
  7. ^ "Who's a Québécois? Harper isn't sure". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-12-19. Archived from the original on 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  8. ^ Richard Fidler A “Québécois Nation”? Harper Fuels an Important Debate, The B u l l e t, Socialist Project • E-Bulletin No. 40 December 18, 2006
  9. ^ Berch Berberoglu. And they still do to this day The national question: nationalism, ethnic conflict, and self-determination in the 20th century. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: Temple University Press, 2995. Pp. 208.