Québécois people

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Quebecers
French: Québécois
Total population
~20,000,000 (0.3%)
Regions with significant populations
 Canada11,879,715 (32.7%)
      Québec8,326,100
      Ontario1,700,000-2,500,000
      Alberta396,230
      New Brunswick233,530
 United States2,100,840-10,000,000 (0.7-3%)
 France60,000-80,000 (0.1%)
      Saint Pierre and Miquelon4,650 (76.5%)
 United Kingdom20,000
  Switzerland5,243
 Belgium4,145-5,615
 Cuba2,140-15,000 (>0.1%)
 Lebanon2,000-12,000 (>0.2%)
 Algeria1,500
 Russia520-2,600
 Haitiat least 6,000 (0.1%)
Languages
French (Official, Majority) · English (Minority)
Religion
Roman Catholicism · Protestantism · Others

Quebecers or Quebeckers[1][2][3] (Québécois in French, and sometimes also in English) are people living in the province of Quebec in Canada. It can also refer to the ethnic group of those who trace their blood from the first French settlers (often mixed with aboriginal origins) known as French Canadians.[4]

A majority in the House of Commons of Canada in 2006 approved a motion tabled by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, which stated that the Québécois are a nation within a united Canada.[5] Harper later elaborated that the motion's definition of Québécois relies on personal decisions to self-identify as Québécois, and therefore is a personal choice.[6] However, Gilles Duceppe, the leader of the Bloc Québécois, a sovereigntist party which then held the majority of seats in Quebec, disputed this view, stating that the Bloc considered the term "Québécois" to include all inhabitants of Quebec and accusing the Conservatives of wishing to ascribe an ethnic meaning to it.[7] Self-identification as Québécois became dominant in the 1960s; prior to this, the Francophone people of Quebec identified themselves as French Canadians.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quebec's voters will decide tuition conflict; Education Minister Michelle Courchesne (with video)".[dead link]
  2. ^ Andy Radia (1 August 2012). "It's official: Quebecers are going to the polls September 4". Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  3. ^ "With Canada's four medals all won by Quebeckers, Parti Quebecois leader says province could shine as independent country". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. 2012-07-31.
  4. ^ Michael M. Brescia, John C. Super. North America: an introduction. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2009. Pp. 72.
  5. ^ Michael M. Brescia, John C. Super. North America: an introduction. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2009. Pp. 72.
  6. ^ "Who's a Québécois? Harper isn't sure". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-12-19. Archived from the original on 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  7. ^ Richard Fidler A “Québécois Nation”? Harper Fuels an Important Debate, The B u l l e t, Socialist Project • E-Bulletin No. 40 December 18, 2006
  8. ^ Berch Berberoglu. And they still do to this day The national question: nationalism, ethnic conflict, and self-determination in the 20th century. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: Temple University Press, 2995. Pp. 208.