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Temperate coastal climate is affected by damp NW winds from the North Sea. The long term average air temperature in Quakenbrück is 8.5–9.0 °C (47.3–48.2 °F) with an average rainfall of 700 mm (28 in). Between May and August, there are about 20–25 days during which temperatures may reach over 25 °C (77 °F).
Quakenbrück was founded in 1234 by the Bishop of Osnabrück, according to the earliest documents, although the area had been settled previously. It served as a border to the north of Osnabrück.
On 29 May 1916, a nail man made from French poplar was given to the city by Clemens Freiherr von Schorlemer-Lieser and placed in the meeting room of the town hall. Revenue from the statue, which depicted a 13th-14th-century knight clad in armor and holding a shield and a sword and has come to be known as the Quakenbrück iron Knight (Quakenbrücker Eiserne Burgmann), were used to fuel the war effort. The statue was built by two soldiers from Schorlemer's Battalion.