Quechua I

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Quechua I
Central Quechua, Waywash Quechua, Quechua B
Chawpi Qichwa
Native to Peru
Region Central Andes
Ethnicity Quechua
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
qwa – Corongo Quechua
qwh – Huaylas Quechua
qws – Northern Conchucos Quechua
qxo – Southern Conchucos Quechua
qvn – Huamalies and North of 2 de mayo Quechua
qvw – Huaylla Quechua
qxw – Jauja Quechua
qxn – Sihuas Quechua
qxa – Chiquián Quechua
qul – Cajatambo Quechua
qvm – Margos Yarowilca Lauricocha Quechua
qub – Huallaga Quechua
qxh – Panao Quechua
qur – Chawpi waranqa Quechua
qxt – Santa Ana de Tusi Quechua
qva – Ambo Quechua
qux – Yauyos Quechua
qxc – Chincha Quechua
Runasimi I divNum sley ncoo.PNG

Quechua I, also known as Quechua Wáywash[1], 1 or Quechua B,[2] 2 is one of the two branches or genealogical groups of the Quechua languages. It is composed of a great diversity of linguistic varieties distributed in the mountains of central Peru, in the departments of Ancash, Huánuco, Pasco, Junín and Lima.

This Quechua I differs from the Quechua II by the use of long vowels and in several morphemes. According to the linguists Torero and Carranza, they are older than Quechua II.

Classification[edit]

The Quechua of Pacaraos is the most divergent variety of Quechua I, in the first works of Torero was considered within sub-A of Quechua II, the group "of transition", but later works by Adelaar and Taylor allowed it to be located in the branch I. The remaining and majority group, the Quechua central languages ​​in the strict sense, form a dialectal continuum with isoglosses that do not allow dividing into discrete groups. In his seminal work, Torero (1964) 3 delineated eight dialectal varieties, namely:

  • Huaylas
  • Conchucos
  • Western Huayhuash
  • Average Huayhuash
  • Oriental Huayhuash
  • Mantaro Valley
  • Huánuco-Marañón
  • Huánuco-Huallaga

Later (1974), Torero presents two ways of grouping these languages. The first, in relation to its proximity to the most extreme dialects, the Callejón de Huaylas and the huanca, nominating both groups as Wáylay and Wánkay respectively. Both would differ in the pluralization of verbs. In parallel, it presents five zones based on the intercommunication of speakers:

  • Zone 1: Ancash-Conchucos (Wáylay)
  • Zone 2: Alto Marañón-Alto Huaura-Alto Huallaga (Intermediate between Wáylay and Wánkay)
  • Zone 3: Yaru
  • Zone 4: Jauja-Huanca
  • Zone 5: Huangáscar-Topará (eventually immersed in Quechua Yauyino)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alfredo Torero: El quechua. Historia Social Andina (reedición de 2007)
  2. ^ Alberto Escobar (comp.) El reto del multilingüismo en el Perú (1972)