Cajamarca Quechua

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cajamarca Quechua
Kashamarka Runashimi
Native toPerú
Native speakers
30,000 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3qvc

Cajamarca Quechua is a variety of Quechua spoken in the districts of Chetilla, Baños del Inca and Cajamarca (Porcón) in the Peruvian province of Cajamarca, along the northwest coast of Peru.

It was never spoken throughout the region, where other indigenous languages like Kulyi, Jivaroan, or Mochica were spoken .

Cajamarca Quechua is severely endangered, as hardly any children are now learning it.

Cajamarca Quechua belongs to Quechua II, subgroup Cajamarca–Cañaris (Quechua II a, Yunkay) and is closest to Lambayeque Quechua, with which it has 94% lexical similarity.[1] Félix Quesada published the first grammar and dictionary in 1976.[3]


There are three vowels: /a, i, u/[4]

Bilabial Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular
Stop p t k q
Affricate voiceless t͡ʃ ʈʂ
voiced d͡ʒ
Fricative voiceless s ʃ ʂ x
voiced ʐ
Nasal m n ɲ
Approximant l j w
Flap ɾ


  1. ^ a b Cajamarca Quechua at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cajamarca Quechua". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Castillo, Félix Quesada (1976). Diccionario quechua, Cajamarca-Cañaris (in Quechua). Ministerio de Educación.
  4. ^ "SAPhon – South American Phonological Inventories". Retrieved 2018-07-21.


  • Félix Quesada C. (1976): Diccionario Quechua de Cajamarca–Cañaris [–Castellano y vice versa]. Ministerio de educación del Perú.
  • Félix Quesada C. (1976): Gramática quechua, Cajamarca-Cañaris. Ministerio de educación del Perú.
  • David Coombs et al. (2003): Rimashun kichwapi: Hablemos en quechua
  • Marco A. Arana Zegarra (2002): Resolución de Conflictos Medioambientales en la Microcuenca del Río Porcón, Cajamarca 1993-2002. Thesis 2002, Pontífica Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Ronel Groenewald et al. (2002): Shumaq liyinawan yaĉakushun - Aprendamos con los cuentos bonitos

External links[edit]

Stories in Cajamarca Quechua[edit]