Rátót (genus)

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Genus (gens) Rátót
Coa Hungary Clan Ráthold.svg
CountryKingdom of Hungary
Founded11th century
FounderRathold and Oliver
Cadet branchesFeled branch
Paks branch
Pásztó branch
Putnok branch

Rátót (Ráthold or Rátold) was the name of a gens (Latin for "clan"; nemzetség in Hungarian) in the Kingdom of Hungary. According to Simon of Kéza and other chroniclers, the ancestors of the clan were Italians from Caserta, Naples, by name Rathold and Oliver, who settled down in Hungary around 1097 during the reign of Coloman, King of Hungary.[1] They came to Hungary alongside Felicia of Sicily.

The Lorántffy, Kakas de Kaza, Feledi, Putnoki, Jolsvai, Kakas, Gyulaffy, Elefánti, Paksi, Pásztói, Kaplai, Ráday and Tari families were originate from the Genus Rátót.

Notable members[edit]

Family tree[edit]

  • N
    • Leustach I (fl. 1200)
      • Rathold I (fl. 1203)
        • Dominic I (fl. 1238–41†)
          • Roland I (fl. 1241–77)
            • Matthias Paksi (fl. 1278–96) ∞ N Visontai
            • Rathold II (fl. 1278–96)
          • Stephen I ("Porc"; fl. 1265–77) ∞ Aglent Smaragd (fl. 1327)
            • Dominic II (fl. 1270–1320†)
              • Dominic Pásztói (fl. 1323–60)
              • Stephen IV (fl. 1323)
            • Lawrence (1282†)
            • Ladislaus I (fl. 1283–1328†)
              • Oliver II (fl. 1325–40)
                • Stephen V (fl. 1347–56; d. before 1360)
                • Margaret (fl. 1374) ∞ Michael Rimai
              • Stephen Tari (fl. 1325–47)
              • Anka (fl. 1325–28) ∞ Thepsen of Posega
            • Kakas (fl. 1290–1312†) ∞ N Visontai
              • John Kakas de Kaza (fl. 1325–66)
            • Leustach III ("Great"; fl. 1338–40; d. before 1348)
          • Oliver I (fl. 1255–72)
          • Leustach II
            • Roland II (fl. 1275–1307†)
              • Desiderius II (fl. 1316–27)
                • Peter Jolsvai (fl. 1340–53) ∞ N Csetneki
              • Roland III (fl. 1321–36†)
              • Leustach IV (fl. 1321–40†)
              • Stephen III (fl. 1321)
            • Desiderius I ("Blind"; fl. 1275–1308) ∞ N Ákos
              • Benedict Kaplai (fl. 1322–26) ∞ Margaret Telegdi
                • Kaplai (or Serkei), then two branches: Lorántfi (Lorántffy) and Dezsőfi families
              • Ladislaus Feledi (fl. 1322–78)
              • Nicholas II (fl. 1326–58)
                • Ladislaus II (fl. 1361–71)
                • Elizabeth ∞ N
          • a daughter (d. before 1267) ∞ Maurice Pok
        • Baldwin I (fl. 1229–55)
          • Stephen II (d. before 1274)
          • Julius II (fl. 1274–79) ∞ Cunigunde Csák
            • Demetrius (fl. 1291–1300)
            • Julius III (fl. 1291–1315; d. before 1317) ∞ Clara, daughter of magistrate Werner (fl. 1323)
          • Baldwin II (fl. 1275–83)
            • Lawrence Rátóti --> Rátóti, then Gyulafi (Gyulaffy) family
        • (?) Matthias (fl. 1224–41†)
        • (?) Reynold I (fl. 1237–38)
        • (?) Norbert (fl. 1246–47)
      • Julius I (fl. 1214–39†)
    • N
      • Miske I (fl. 1222–27) ∞ Margaret (fl. 1258)
        • Abraham (fl. 1258–76)
        • Reynold II (fl. 1258–74)
          • Miske II (fl. 1299–1323)
            • Kővágóörsi, then Batthyány family (maternal branch)
        • Paul II (fl. 1276)
        • Gyöngy (fl. 1276) ∞ Barleus Baracs
      • Michael (fl. 1227)
      • Absa (fl. 1227)
        • Paul I (d. before 1272) ∞ Kela (fl. 1272)
          • a daughter ∞ Matthias Örsi (fl. 1272–99)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Hungarian) Vajai, Szabolcs (1968): A magyar Roland-ének nyomában. Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények. 334–335.

Sources[edit]

  • János Karácsonyi: A magyar nemzetségek a XIV. század közepéig. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia. 1900–1901.
  • Gyula Kristó (editor): Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon – 9–14. század (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History – 9–14th centuries); Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994, Budapest; ISBN 963-05-6722-9.