RGS18

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RGS18
Protein RGS18 PDB 2dlv.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases RGS18, RGS13, regulator of G-protein signaling 18
External IDs MGI: 1927498 HomoloGene: 11281 GeneCards: 64407
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE RGS18 gnf1h08828 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_130782

NM_022881

RefSeq (protein)

NP_570138.1

NP_075019.1

Location (UCSC) Chr 1: 192.16 – 192.19 Mb Chr 1: 144.75 – 144.78 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Regulator of G-protein signaling 18 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RGS18 gene.[1][2]

Function[edit]

This gene encodes a member of the regulator of G-protein signaling family. This protein contains a conserved 120 amino acid motif called the RGS domain. The protein attenuates the signaling activity of G-proteins by binding to activated, GTP-bound G alpha subunits and acting as a GTPase activating protein (GAP), increasing the rate of conversion of the GTP to GDP. This hydrolysis allows the G alpha subunits to bind G beta/gamma subunit heterodimers, forming inactive G-protein heterotrimers, thereby terminating the signal. Alternate transcriptional splice variants of this gene have been observed but have not been thoroughly characterized.[2]

Interactions[edit]

RGS18 has been shown to interact with GNAI3.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Park IK, Klug CA, Li K, Jerabek L, Li L, Nanamori M, Neubig RR, Hood L, Weissman IL, Clarke MF (Jan 2001). "Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel regulator of G-protein signaling from mouse hematopoietic stem cells". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 276 (2): 915–23. doi:10.1074/jbc.M005947200. PMID 11042171. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: RGS18 regulator of G-protein signalling 18". 
  3. ^ Yowe D, Weich N, Prabhudas M, Poisson L, Errada P, Kapeller R, Yu K, Faron L, Shen M, Cleary J, Wilkie TM, Gutierrez-Ramos C, Hodge MR (Oct 2001). "RGS18 is a myeloerythroid lineage-specific regulator of G-protein-signalling molecule highly expressed in megakaryocytes". The Biochemical Journal 359 (Pt 1): 109–18. doi:10.1042/bj3590109. PMC 1222126. PMID 11563974. 
  4. ^ Gagnon AW, Murray DL, Leadley RJ (Jul 2002). "Cloning and characterization of a novel regulator of G protein signalling in human platelets". Cellular Signalling 14 (7): 595–606. doi:10.1016/S0898-6568(02)00012-8. PMID 11955952. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Nagata Y, Oda M, Nakata H, Shozaki Y, Kozasa T, Todokoro K (May 2001). "A novel regulator of G-protein signaling bearing GAP activity for Galphai and Galphaq in megakaryocytes". Blood 97 (10): 3051–60. doi:10.1182/blood.V97.10.3051. PMID 11342430. 
  • Yowe D, Weich N, Prabhudas M, Poisson L, Errada P, Kapeller R, Yu K, Faron L, Shen M, Cleary J, Wilkie TM, Gutierrez-Ramos C, Hodge MR (Oct 2001). "RGS18 is a myeloerythroid lineage-specific regulator of G-protein-signalling molecule highly expressed in megakaryocytes". The Biochemical Journal 359 (Pt 1): 109–18. doi:10.1042/bj3590109. PMC 1222126. PMID 11563974. 
  • Sierra DA, Gilbert DJ, Householder D, Grishin NV, Yu K, Ukidwe P, Barker SA, He W, Wensel TG, Otero G, Brown G, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA, Wilkie TM (Feb 2002). "Evolution of the regulators of G-protein signaling multigene family in mouse and human". Genomics 79 (2): 177–85. doi:10.1006/geno.2002.6693. PMID 11829488. 
  • Gagnon AW, Murray DL, Leadley RJ (Jul 2002). "Cloning and characterization of a novel regulator of G protein signalling in human platelets". Cellular Signalling 14 (7): 595–606. doi:10.1016/S0898-6568(02)00012-8. PMID 11955952. 
  • Gevaert K, Goethals M, Martens L, Van Damme J, Staes A, Thomas GR, Vandekerckhove J (May 2003). "Exploring proteomes and analyzing protein processing by mass spectrometric identification of sorted N-terminal peptides". Nature Biotechnology 21 (5): 566–9. doi:10.1038/nbt810. PMID 12665801. 
  • Larminie C, Murdock P, Walhin JP, Duckworth M, Blumer KJ, Scheideler MA, Garnier M (Mar 2004). "Selective expression of regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS) in the human central nervous system". Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 122 (1): 24–34. doi:10.1016/j.molbrainres.2003.11.014. PMID 14992813. 
  • Aldenhoven J, Chen Y, Moran C (2006). "Assignment of UCK2, ATF3 and RGS18 from human chromosome 1 to porcine chromosomes 4, 9 and 10 with somatic and radiation hybrid panels". Cytogenetic and Genome Research 112 (3-4): 341F. doi:10.1159/000089896. PMID 16484797.