RS Puppis

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RS Puppis
Heic1323a.jpg
RS Puppis as imaged by Hubble.
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Puppis
Right ascension 08h 13m 04.21601s[1]
Declination −34° 34′ 42.7023″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 6.5-7.6[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type G5-K7[3]
U−B color index 1.2[4]
B−V color index 1.5[4]
Variable type Cepheid Variable[5]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) 24.60[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: -3.19[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 2.33[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 1.91 ± 0.65[1] mas
Distance 1,910[7] pc
Absolute magnitude (MV) -5.70[7]
Details
Mass 9.2[7] M
Radius 194[8] R
Luminosity 17,000[7] (15,000-30,000[9]L
Temperature 4,500-6,500[9] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] 0.17[10] dex
Age 28[10] Myr
Other designations
HD 68860, HIP 40233, SAO 198944
Database references
SIMBAD data

RS Puppis (or RS Pup) is a Cepheid variable star in the constellation of Puppis. It is one of the brightest known Cepheids in the Milky Way galaxy and has one of the longest periods of 41.4[7] days.

Because it is located in a large nebula, astronomers using the ESO's New Technology Telescope at La Silla Observatory, Chile have been able to measure its distance in 2013 by strictly geometric analysis of light echoes from particles in the nebula, determining it to be 6500 ± 90 light years from Earth, the most accurate measurement achieved for any Cepheid as of early 2008. The accuracy of the new measurement is important because Cepheids serve as a marker for distances within our galaxy and for nearby galaxies.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.  edit
  2. ^ Berdnikov, L. N.; Henden, A. A.; Turner, D. G.; Pastukhova, E. N. (2009). "Search for evolutionary changes in Cepheid periods using the Harvard plate collection: RS Puppis". Astronomy Letters 35 (6): 406. doi:10.1134/S1063773709060061.  edit
  3. ^ Gaposchkin, Sergei (1952). "Variable stars in Milton field 38". Annals of Harvard College Observatory 115: 197. Bibcode:1952AnHar.115..197G. 
  4. ^ a b Schaltenbrand, R.; Tammann, G. A. (1971). "The light curve parameters of photoelectrically observed galactic Cepheids". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 4: 265. Bibcode:1971A&AS....4..265S. 
  5. ^ . Bibcode:B/gcvs/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Gontcharov, G. A. (November 2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters 32 (11): 759–771. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065.  edit
  7. ^ a b c d e Kervella, P.; Bond, H. E.; Cracraft, M.; Szabados, L.; Breitfelder, J.; Mérand, A.; Sparks, W. B.; Gallenne, A.; Bersier, D.; Fouqué, P.; Anderson, R. I. (2014). "The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis". Astronomy & Astrophysics 572: A7. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424395.  edit
  8. ^ Moskalik, P.; Gorynya, N. A. (2005). "Mean Angular Diameters and Angular Diameter Amplitudes of Bright Cepheids". Acta Astronomica 55: 247. Bibcode:2005AcA....55..247M. 
  9. ^ a b Mayes, A. J.; Evans, A.; Bode, M. F. (1985). "Infrared variability of the reflection nebulosity around RS Puppis". Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361) 142: 48. Bibcode:1985A&A...142...48M. 
  10. ^ a b Marsakov, V. A.; Koval’, V. V.; Kovtyukh, V. V.; Mishenina, T. V. (2013). "Properties of the population of classical Cepheids in the Galaxy". Astronomy Letters 39 (12): 851. doi:10.1134/S1063773713120050.  edit

External links[edit]