Ramat Yohanan

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Ramat Yohanan
Ramat Yohanan is located in Israel
Ramat Yohanan
Ramat Yohanan
Coordinates: 32°47′34.44″N 35°7′16.67″E / 32.7929000°N 35.1212972°E / 32.7929000; 35.1212972Coordinates: 32°47′34.44″N 35°7′16.67″E / 32.7929000°N 35.1212972°E / 32.7929000; 35.1212972
District Haifa
Council Zevulun
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1932
Founded by Native Jews and American immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 929
Website www.kry.org.il

Ramat Yohanan (Hebrew: רָמַת יוֹחָנָן‎, lit. Yohanan Heights) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located near Kiryat Ata and adjacent to the kibbutzim of Kfar HaMaccabi and Usha, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 929.[1]

History[edit]

The kibbutz was founded in 1932 on land bought by Yehoshua Hankin from the Lebanese in 1925. The founders were a mix of native Jews and immigrants from the United States. It was named after the South African politician Jan Smuts, who was a prominent supporter of Zionism. In 1941, Yitzhak Rabin joined the Palmach section of the Haganah during his stay at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan.

It was the location of the Battle of Ramat Yohanan during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. The Druze regiment of the Arab Liberation Army were confronted by the Haganah soldiers. Having run out of ammunition, the Druze withdrew to their base in Shefa-'Amr with many casualties. As a result of their defeat, many Druze swapped sides in the conflict, and began co-operating with the Haganah.

Members of the Yiftach Brigade stationed at Ramat Yohanan in 1948
Immigrant reception day at Ramat Yohanan. 1948

Economy[edit]

The kibbutz grows produce including mainly avocado, lychee and citrus fruits, raises both meat and dairy cattle, and is the home of a Palram plastics factory.[2] They also produce a small quantity of olive oil and dairy products, much of which is used and sold on the kibbutz. For several years, Ramat Yochanan has run an ulpan program that serves primarily American and Russian students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Palram Global Operations".