Kfar Hasidim

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Kfar Hasidim
Kfar Hassidim.JPG
Kfar Hasidim is located in Israel
Kfar Hasidim
Kfar Hasidim
Coordinates: 32°44′36″N 35°5′37″E / 32.74333°N 35.09361°E / 32.74333; 35.09361Coordinates: 32°44′36″N 35°5′37″E / 32.74333°N 35.09361°E / 32.74333; 35.09361
District Haifa
Council Zevulun
Founded 1924
Founded by Polish immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 798

Kfar Hasidim (Hebrew: כְּפַר חֲסִידִים‎, lit. Village of Hasidim), also known as Kfar Hasidim Alef to distinguish it from Kfar Hasidim Bet, is a moshav in northern Israel. Located near Kiryat Ata, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 798.[1]

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman era was here a Muslim village called Harbaj.[2] In 1162 A.H (~1748 CE) it was fortified by Zahir al-Umar, and traces of the wall still existed in the late 19th century.[3] The village appeared as El Harchieh on the map that Pierre Jacotin compiled in 1799.[4]

In 1875, Victor Guérin found here about 30 houses, still inhabited. In the centre of the village was a large well, partly filled.[5] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described El Harbaj as “a small adobe village, on the plain, with a well to the north and olives to the east.”[3]

A population list from about 1887 showed that el Harbaj had about 75 inhabitants; all Muslims.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

Nahalat Ya'akov, 1926
Kfar Hasidim synagogue, 1934-1939

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Harbaj had a population 177, all Muslims.[7]

Kfar Hasidim was founded in 1924 by two groups of Polish Hasidic immigrants of the Fourth Aliyah, followers of Rabbi Yehezkel Taub and Rabbi Israel Hoffstein, the rabbis of Kozienice and Yablono.[8] They bought land east of Haifa Bay with the help of Rabbi Yeshayahu Shapira of Hapoel Hamizrachi and established Nahalat Ya’akov and Avodat Yisrael,[9] which later merged into Kfar Hasidim.[10]

In 1925 a Zionist organisation purchased 70 feddans in Harbaj from Alexander Sursuk, of the Sursuk family of Beirut. At the time, there were 50 families living there.[11] From 1931, and lasting several years, the Jewish Agency struggled to evict the tenant farmers from Harbaj, from the land which was to become Kfar Hasidim.[12]

In the 1931 census Kfar Hassidim had a population of 420, all Jews, in a total of 104 houses.[13] By 1945, Kfar Hasidim had 980 residents, all Jewish.[14][15]

Street in Kfar Hasidim

State of Israel[edit]

Shlomo Goren, future head of the Military Rabbinate of the Israel Defense Forces and subsequently Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1973 to 1983, was raised in Kfar Hasidim, which his father helped to found.[16]

In 1950 Kfar Hasidim Bet was established nearby by non-agricultural residents of Kfar Hasidim. Kfar HaNoar HaDati youth village, founded in 1937, lies adjacent to the moshav.[17] Yityish Titi Aynaw, an Ethiopian Jew who won the Miss Israel beauty pageant in 2013, was a graduate of the school.[18]

The immigrant absorption center in Kfar Hasidim is the first stop for members of the Bnei Menashe community who settle in Israel.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ from a personal name, Palmer, 1881, p. 109
  3. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 285
  4. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 162
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 401
  6. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 177
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
  8. ^ Kefar Hasidim
  9. ^ Perpetual Dilemma: Jewish Religion in the Jewish State, S. Zalman Abramov
  10. ^ Rav Yesha’ayahu Shapira (1891-1945)
  11. ^ List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  12. ^ Avneri, 1984, pp. 156-7
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 98
  14. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
  16. ^ Rabbi Shlomo Goren Dead at 77 was a Colorful, Controversial Figure
  17. ^ Kefar Hasidim
  18. ^ Miss Israel to dine with Obama
  19. ^ Shavei Israel Conversion Authority Visits Bnei Menashe in Kfar Hasidim

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]