One of the most common causes of rectal pain is an anal fissure. It involves a tear in the anal canal probably due to trauma from defecation and are usually treated effectively with sitz baths, stool softeners, and analgesics.
LAS and proctalgia fugax
Two more highly common causes of functional anorectal pain are levator ani syndrome (LAS) and proctalgia fugax. Both of these conditions are thought to be caused by muscle spasms of the either the levator ani muscle or the anal sphincter muscle respectively, and may overlap symptomatically with a third less-common condition called coccygodynia which is the result of previous trauma to the coccyx bone. Stress, prolonged sitting, and constipation all seem to be associated with LAS. The majority (90%) of those reporting chronic episodes of such pain are women. Some researchers group these conditions under the medical category of "tension myalgia of the pelvic floor". Less than a third of those experiencing these conditions seek medical treatment for them. Treatment can involve the use of antispasmodic medications as well as the down-training (conscious involvement and relaxation of previously unconscious muscle movements) so that spasms occur less frequently or not at all.
- "Differential Diagnosis for Rectal pain Rectalgia". Archived from the original on 2009-12-13.
- Janicke DM, Pundt MR (November 1996). "Anorectal disorders". Emerg. Med. Clin. North Am. 14 (4): 757–88. doi:10.1016/S0733-8627(05)70278-9. PMID 8921768.
- Metcalf A (November 1995). "Anorectal disorders. Five common causes of pain, itching, and bleeding". Postgrad Med. 98 (5): 81–4, 87–9, 92–4. doi:10.1080/00325481.1995.11946071. PMID 7479460.
- Giulio Aniello Santoro; Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek; Clive I. Bartram (27 October 2010). Pelvic Floor Disorders: Imaging and Multidisciplinary Approach to Management. Springer. pp. 601–603. ISBN 978-88-470-1542-5.