Reticular connective tissue
Reticular connective tissue is a type of connective tissue with a network of reticular fibers, made of type III collagen (reticulum = net or network). Reticular fibers are not unique to reticular connective tissue, but only in this type are they dominant.
Reticular connective tissue is found around the kidney, the spleen, and lymph nodes, as well as in bone marrow. The liver however have a meshwork of reticular fibers, not to be mixed with reticular connective tissue. A meshwork of reticular fibers does not form reticular connective tissue.
Adipose tissue is held together by reticular fibers.
Reticular connective tissue resembles areolar connective tissue, but the only fibers in its matrix are reticular fibers, which form a delicate network along which fibroblasts called reticular cells lie scattered. Although reticular fibers are widely distributed in the body, reticular tissue is limited to certain sites. It forms a labyrinth-like stroma (literally, "bed or "mattress"), or internal framework, that can support many free blood cells (largely lymphocytes) in lymph nodes, the spleen, and red bone marrow.
There are more than 20 types of reticular fibers. In Reticular Connective Tissue type III collagen/reticular fiber (100-150 nm in diameter) is the major fiber component. It forms the architectural framework of: liver, adipose tissue, bone marrow, spleen and basement membrane, to name a few.
- "reticular tissue" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
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- Anatomy photo: TermsCells&Tissues/connective/reticular/reticular1 - Comparative Organology at University of California, Davis - "Connective tissue, reticular (LM, Medium)"
- Histology at uwa.edu.au