David and Simon Reuben
||It has been suggested that Reuben Brothers be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since July 2016.|
||A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Simon & David Reuben, pictured in 2009
|Born||Simon – 1941 (age 75–76)
David – 1944 (age 72–73)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Occupation||Property investors; philanthropists|
|Known for||Property holdings; philanthropy|
|Board member of||Reuben Brothers|
David Reuben (born 1941) and Simon Reuben (born 1944) are British businessmen and philanthropists. In the 2016 Forbes magazine list of billionaires, David and Simon Reuben were ranked as the 60th wealthiest people in the world, with a net worth of US$14.4 billion. In 2016 they were named by The Sunday Times as Britain's richest people, with a net worth of GB£13.1 billion.
Early life and background
The brothers were born in Mumbai, India, the sons of David Sassoon Reuben and Nancy Reuben, a prosperous Iraqi Jewish family. The family had lived in British India since the mid-1800s with other fellow Jews such as Baron Kadoorie (the father of Sir Michael Kadoorie), the Sassoon family and many other Jewish families. The brothers arrived in London in the 1950s with their mother, Nancy, and lived in Islington; having run various businesses across the Indian Subcontinent from their bases in Bombay and Baghdad. The brothers attended government schools, with Simon never completing his formal education.
David joined a scrap metals business while Simon started out in carpets. Simon went on to buy out England's oldest carpet company from the receivers and made enough money from it to start investing in property, with early investments on Walton Street and the King's Road in Chelsea. The brothers increased their wealth during the 1970s and 1980s in both metals trading and property. Nearly half their fortune is in liquid assets such as cash and bonds. They avoid publicity, but provide some details about their interests on their personal website.
In the early 1990s, the brothers invested in the Russian metals market, financing significantly the production and distribution of metals. The Reubens became the world's third-biggest producer of aluminum. At its peak, their company, Trans-World Metals, and its associates controlled five-to-seven percent of the world's aluminum output. When Russian aluminum smelters were incapacitated by debt, Trans World entered into tolling arrangements with factories in which they paid for and delivered raw materials in return for finished aluminum, which it then sold for profit. The company's investment in Russia was US$1.5 billion (GB£870 million), with global sales in 1995 topping US$8 billion. Due to their former status as Russia's biggest foreign investors, they are subjected to significant press scrutiny. During their ten years in the country the Reuben Brothers did business with some unconventional characters. They also came across several members of the country's new oligarchy, including Roman Abramovich. Subsequently, they settled a multimillion-pound legal dispute with Oleg Deripaska which resulted in a substantial settlement being awarded to Reuben Brothers.
In 2008, the Reuben brothers returned to the commodity business, expanding their mining interests with a portfolio of mines in Morocco, Indonesia and South Africa.
By 2000, the Russian business environment resulted in the brothers selling all their Russian assets as they focused their business activities mainly in the UK property market, where they have a substantial portfolio of debt-free assets. With others, they have been involved in financing a number of major acquisitions and also have investments in technology companies. As of 2016[update] their business activities mainly involved real estate, both in the UK and abroad, venture capital, and private equity.
UK properties owned by Reuben Brothers include: Millbank Tower; the John Lewis Partnership headquarters in Victoria; the American Express offices also in Victoria; Carlton House SW1; Academy House on Sackville Street; Connaught House on Berkeley Square; Market Towers; the London Primark store on Oxford Street; Sloane Street shops; and Cambridge House, the former premises of the Naval and Military Club, which comprises six freehold buildings which have a planning consent for a six-star hotel and private members' club. Unconfirmed rumours state that the mansion complex will be re-converted into a private residence, as it was when Prime Minister 3rd Viscount Palmerston lived there. Other investments and developments include Merchant Square, a 1,800,000 sq ft (170,000 m2) development scheme of offices and flats, in the Paddington area of London; Park Plaza Hotels & Resorts, a 50/50 joint venture in a new apart-hotel under the 'art'otel' brand in Hoxton, City of London; Hampton House, demolition and redevelopment of the 1960s office block opposite Tate Britain that was designed by Foster & Partners and features a mix of apartments and an apart-hotel on the River Thames next to the Riverbank Park Plaza hotel; airports at London Oxford and London Heliport. In 2006 the Reuben Brother formed a partnership that injected private equity into the FTSE-listed McCarthy & Stone, a retirement home construction company, and divested the investment in 2013.
Via both companies, the Reuben Brothers continue to be one of the largest investors in luxury leisure group Orient-Express Hotels. Other holdings include Travelodge Hotels; D2 Jeans and Blue Inc clothing retailers, with retailer Sir Stuart Rose; Luup and Metro Bank; The Wellington Pub Company, the largest free-of-tie pub estate in the UK with approximately 850 tenanted pubs; Global Switch, the largest wholesale carrier neutral data centre provider in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region; Arena Leisure and Northern Racing merged forming ARC (Arena Racing Company) which represents 40% of UK fixtures and a 45% stake in At The Races (ATR), the broadcaster taking UK and Irish racing to domestic & international audience; and a joint venture with British Marine, that in 2014 had eight vessels with plans to double the fleet size.
The Reuben brothers guard their privacy. Simon, three years younger than his brother David, has given only one interview to a British publication in his entire career and that was more a case of finding himself in a room with a journalist and having to make polite conversation. In 2005, they won the Variety Club 'entrepreneurs of the year' award. Both are married with children, and both follow Chelsea FC. The brothers are very well known generous donors in Israel.
In 2006 Ken Livingstone, the Mayor of London at the time, used a press conference to accuse Simon and David Reuben of jeopardising the GB£4 bn Olympic City development, in which the Reuben brothers held a 50% stake. Livingston controversially told the media conference, referring to the Reuben brothers, that "If they're not happy here, they can go back to Iran and try their luck with the ayatollahs, if they don't like the planning regime or my approach." After a public complaint and a subsequent official investigation into Livingston's comments that were alleged to be anti-semitic, the investigating officer dismissed the complaint and concluded that Livingstone had reason to be strongly critical of his understanding of the Reuben brothers' conduct, and that his criticism, whilst robust, was reasonable in the circumstances.
According to the Sunday Times Rich List 2016, David and Simon Reuben and their family had an estimated personal net worth of GB£13.10 billion, an increase of GB£4.60 billion on the previous year and ranking them as the wealthiest British family. Meanwhile, in 2016 Forbes magazine's annual billionaires list estimated the Reuben brothers' wealth in 2016 as the 60th wealthiest billionaires with a net worth of US$14.40 billion, an increase of US$0.70 billion. The Reuben's net worth has progressively increased, especially since 2011, when their net worth has doubled.
The World's Billionaires
Legend Icon Description Has not changed from the previous year's list Has increased from the previous year's list Has decreased from the previous year's list
- "#60 David & Simon Reuben". Forbes. October 2010.
- Beresford, Philip; Watts, Robert, eds. (24 April 2016). "Rich List". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- "Jewish brothers top Britain's 2016 Rich List". Times of Israel. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Mayfair's First Family". Tatler. Reuben Brothers. October 2013.
- "Rich list 2016 reveals steel magnate's fortune drop". BBC News. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Davies, Rob (25 April 2016). "Property tycoons David and Simon Reuben top Sunday Times rich list". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Nancy Reuben Primary School". Reuben Foundation. 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Livingstone cleared of anti-semitism". The Guardian. United Kingdom. Press Association. 20 June 2006. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Lunn, Emma (12 March 2014). "How Britain's richest brothers made billions from nothing". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Reuben Brothers official website".
- Robinson, James (27 June 2004). "Pack up your roubles ...". The Observer, The Guardian. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Reubens and Hunter pounce at McCarthy". This is money. 1 August 2006. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "New McCarthy & Stone boss wields the axe". Construction Index. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Mayor in fresh Jewish controversy". BBC News. 21 March 2006. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (April 2015). "Rich List". thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (27 April 2008). "Rich List reveals wealthy reap profits under Labour". The Sunday Times.
- "Forbes Rich List: The UK and world's wealthiest people revealed". SWNS.com. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "#185 David & Simon Reuben". Forbes. 2006. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "#177 David & Simon Reuben". Forbes. 8 March 2007. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "#178 David & Simon Reuben". Forbes. 5 March 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (26 April 2009). "Sunday Times Rich List: Bonfire of the billionaires wipes out £155bn fortune". The Sunday Times.
- "#98 David & Simon Reuben". Forbes. 11 March 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "The Sunday Times Rich List 2010: Rising from the rubble". The Sunday Times. 25 April 2010.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (25 April 2010). "2010 Rich List". thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved October 2011. Check date values in:
- "#93 David & Simon Reuben". Forbes. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (8 May 2011). "''2011 Sunday Times Rich List''". The Sunday Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (29 April 2012). "2014 Rich List". thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved October 2012. Check date values in:
- Prince, Rosa (7 March 2012). "Forbes list: JK Rowling fortune under vanishing spell". The Telegraph. United Kingdom. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (21 April 2013). "2013 Rich List". thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved October 2013. Check date values in:
- McRae, Hamish (6 March 2013). "Forbes' billionaire list shows that, in global terms, Britain's rich folk are little more than also-rans". The Independent. United Kingdom. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Beresford, Philip, ed. (18 May 2014). "2014 Rich List". thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved October 2014. Check date values in:
- "The 20 Richest Real Estate Tycoons On The Forbes Billionaires List". The MP Report. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Richest Double wealth". The Guardian. United Kingdom. 26 April 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Peterson-Withorn, Chase (2 March 2015). "Forbes Billionaires: Full List Of The 500 Richest People In The World 2015". Forbes. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "David and Simon Reuben". Reuben Brothers website.
- "The Rise and Rise of David and Simon Reuben". Reuben Brothers website. 2008.
- "Home page". Reuben Foundation website.