FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1984 and 2015
|Exchanges||London Stock Exchange|
|Market cap||£2.054 trillion|
(as of January 2018)
The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie" //, is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. It is seen as a gauge of prosperity for businesses regulated by UK company law. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.
The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a now wholly owned subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange. It is calculated in real time and published every second when the market is open.
The FTSE 100 broadly consists of the largest 100 qualifying UK companies by full market value. Many of these are internationally focused companies, however, so the index's movements are a fairly weak indicator of how the UK economy is faring and are significantly affected by the exchange rates of the Pound. A better indication of the UK economy is the FTSE 250 Index, as it contains a smaller proportion of international companies.
FTSE 100 companies represent about 81% of the entire market capitalisation of the London Stock Exchange. Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator. Other related indices are the FTSE 250 Index (which includes the next largest 250 companies after the FTSE 100), the FTSE 350 Index (which is the aggregation of the FTSE 100 and 250), FTSE SmallCap Index and the FTSE Fledgling Index. The FTSE All-Share aggregates the FTSE 100, FTSE 250 and FTSE SmallCap.
Component companies must meet a number of requirements set out by the FTSE Group, including having a full listing on the London Stock Exchange with a Sterling or Euro denominated price on the Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service, and meeting certain tests on nationality, free float, and liquidity.
Continuous trading on the London Stock Exchange starts at 08:00 and ends at 16:30 (when the closing auction starts), and closing values are taken at 16:35.
In the FTSE indices, share prices are weighted by free-float capitalisation, so that the larger companies, with more of their stock "floating," make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies. The basic formula for these indices is:
The free float adjustment factor represents the percentage of all issued shares that are readily available for trading, rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5%.
To find the free-float capitalisation of a company, first find its market cap (number of shares x share price) then multiply by its free-float factor. Free-float capitalisation, therefore, does not include restricted stocks, such as those held by company insiders.
The index reached the following record values:
|Closing||7,877.45||22 May 2018|
|Intraday||7,903.50||22 May 2018|
The index began on 3 January 1984 at the base level of 1000. The highest closing value of 7,877.45 was reached on 22 May 2018. The highest intra-day value of 7,903.50 was reached on 22 May 2018.
Constituents in March 2019
The following table lists the FTSE 100 companies after the changes on 18 March 2019. The index consists of 100 companies, but there are 101 listings, as Royal Dutch Shell has both A and B class shares listed. Schroders Non Voting shares were also listed until 1 June 2012 when the FTSE's stricter rules came into force.
|Company||Ticker||FTSE Industry Classification Benchmark sector|
|Admiral Group||ADM||Nonlife Insurance|
|Anglo American plc||AAL||Mining|
|Ashtead Group||AHT||Support Services|
|Associated British Foods||ABF||Food Producers|
|AstraZeneca||AZN||Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology|
|Auto Trader Group||AUTO||Media|
|BAE Systems||BA||Aerospace & Defence|
|Barratt Developments||BDEV||Household Goods & Home Construction|
|Berkeley Group Holdings||BKG||Household Goods & Home Construction|
|BP||BP||Oil & Gas Producers|
|British American Tobacco||BATS||Tobacco|
|British Land||BLND||Real Estate Investment Trusts|
|BT Group||BT-A||Fixed Line Telecommunications|
|Carnival Corporation & plc||CCL||Travel & Leisure|
|Centrica||CNA||Gas, Water & Multi-utilities|
|Compass Group||CPG||Support Services|
|CRH plc||CRH||Construction & Materials|
|DCC plc||DCC||Support Services|
|Direct Line Group||DLG||Non-life Insurance|
|easyJet||EZJ||Travel & Leisure|
|Evraz||EVR||Industrial Metals & Mining|
|Ferguson plc||FERG||Support Services|
|GlaxoSmithKline||GSK||Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology|
|Halma||HLMA||Electronic & Electrical Equipment|
|Hargreaves Lansdown||HL||Financial Services|
|Hikma Pharmaceuticals||HIK||Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology|
|InterContinental Hotels Group||IHG||Travel & Leisure|
|International Airlines Group||IAG||Travel & Leisure|
|Just Eat||JE||Food and Drink|
|Kingfisher plc||KGF||General Retailers|
|Land Securities||LAND||Real Estate Investment Trusts|
|Legal & General||LGEN||Life Insurance|
|Lloyds Banking Group||LLOY||Banks|
|London Stock Exchange Group||LSE||Financial Services|
|Marks & Spencer||MKS||General Retailers|
|Melrose Industries||MRO||Automobiles & Parts|
|Micro Focus||MCRO||Software & Computer Services|
|Mondi||MNDI||Forestry & Paper|
|Morrisons||MRW||Food & Drug Retailers|
|National Grid plc||NG||Gas, Water & Multi-utilities|
|Next plc||NXT||General Retailers|
|NMC Health||NMC||Health Care Equipment & Services|
|Ocado||OCDO||Food & Drug Retailers|
|Paddy Power Betfair||PPB||Travel & Leisure|
|Persimmon plc||PSN||Household Goods & Home Construction|
|Phoenix Group||PHNX||Life Insurance|
|Prudential plc||PRU||Life Insurance|
|Reckitt Benckiser||RB||Household Goods & Home Construction|
|Rentokil Initial||RTO||Support Services|
|Rio Tinto Group||RIO||Mining|
|Rolls-Royce Holdings||RR||Aerospace & Defence|
|Royal Bank of Scotland Group||RBS||Banks|
|Royal Dutch Shell||RDSA||Oil & Gas Producers|
|RSA Insurance Group||RSA||Nonlife Insurance|
|Sage Group||SGE||Software & Computer Services|
|Sainsbury's||SBRY||Food & Drug Retailers|
|Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust||SMT||Equity Investment Instruments|
|Segro||SGRO||Real Estate Investment Trusts|
|Severn Trent||SVT||Gas, Water & Multi-utilities|
|Smith & Nephew||SN||Health Care Equipment & Services|
|Smith, D.S.||SMDS||General Industrials|
|Smiths Group||SMIN||General Industrials|
|Smurfit Kappa||SKG||General Industrials|
|Spirax-Sarco Engineering||SPX||Industrial Engineering|
|Standard Life Aberdeen||SLA||Financial Services|
|St. James's Place plc||STJ||Life Insurance|
|Taylor Wimpey||TW||Household Goods & Home Construction|
|Tesco||TSCO||Food & Drug Retailers|
|TUI Group||TUI||Travel & Leisure|
|United Utilities||UU||Gas, Water & Multi-utilities|
|Vodafone Group||VOD||Mobile Telecommunications|
All changes are due to market capitalisation unless stated otherwise.
- Abbey Life (became subsidiary of Lloyds TSB in 1996, then sold to Deutsche Bank in 2007)
- Abbey National (acquired by Banco Santander Central Hispano, now part of its Santander UK subsidiary)
- Aberdeen Asset Management
- African Barrick Gold
- Alliance & Leicester (acquired by Banco Santander Central Hispano, now part of its Santander UK subsidiary)
- Alliance Boots (acquired by private equity fund controlled by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts)
- Alliance Trust
- Allied Domecq (acquired by Pernod Ricard)
- Allied Zurich (dual holding company along with Zurich Allied, companies unified in 2000 to form Zurich Financial Services)
- Amersham (acquired by GE, now part of its GE Healthcare division)
- Amstrad (acquired by British Sky Broadcasting)
- Argos (acquired by GUS and now owned by Home Retail Group)
- Argyll Group (renamed Safeway in 1996, then taken over by Morrisons in 2004)
- Arjo Wiggins Appleton (acquired by Worms & Cie)
- ARM Holdings (acquired by SoftBank Group)
- ASDA Group (acquired by Wal-Mart)
- BAA (acquired by Ferrovial)
- Babcock International
- Balfour Beatty
- Baltimore Technologies (acquired by Oryx International Growth Fund)
- Bank of Scotland (merged with Halifax to form HBOS, now part of the Lloyds Banking Group)
- Bass (became Six Continents and then InterContinental Hotels Group)
- Beecham Group (merged with SmithKline and then with Glaxo to become GlaxoSmithKline)
- Berisford (renamed Enodis, subsequently acquired by The Manitowoc Company)
- BET, formerly British Electric Traction (acquired by Rentokil, now Rentokil Initial)
- BG Group (acquired by Royal Dutch Shell)
- BICC (renamed Balfour Beatty)
- Blue Arrow (acquired by Corporate Services Group)
- Blue Circle Industries (acquired by Lafarge)
- BOC (acquired by The Linde Group)
- Bowater (renamed Rexam)
- Bookham Technology (renamed Oclaro and now traded on Nasdaq)
- BPB Industries (acquired by Saint-Gobain)
- Bradford & Bingley (branch network acquired by Banco Santander Central Hispano, now part of its Santander UK subsidiary; loans book nationalised)
- Brambles Industries (now only listed on the Australian Securities Exchange)
- British Aerospace (merged with Marconi Electronic Systems to form BAE Systems)
- British Airways (merged with Iberia to form International Airlines Group)
- British Home Stores (acquired by Storehouse and then sold to Philip Green)
- British Steel (merged with Koninklijke Hoogovens N.V. to become Corus Group, itself now part of Tata Steel)
- British & Commonwealth (collapsed in 1990)
- Britoil (acquired by BP)
- BTR (merged with Siebe to form BTR Siebe, subsequently renamed Invensys)
- Burmah Oil (renamed Burmah Castrol and acquired by BP)
- Burton Group (renamed Arcadia and acquired by Philip Green)
- Cable & Wireless Worldwide
- Cadbury (acquired by Kraft Foods)
- Cairn Energy
- Carlton Communications (merged with Granada to form ITV)
- Carphone Warehouse Group
- Celltech (acquired by UCB in 2004)
- CMG (merged with Logica to form LogicaCMG)
- Coats Viyella (acquired by Guinness Peat Group and renamed Coats)
- COLT Telecom Group
- Commercial Union Assurance (merged with General Accident to form CGU, itself now part of Aviva)
- Consolidated Gold Fields (acquired by Hanson)
- Cookson Group
- Corus Group (acquired by Tata Steel, now forming its Tata Steel Europe division)
- Courtaulds (demerged into two businesses acquired by Sara Lee and Akzo Nobel)
- Daily Mail and General Trust
- Dalgety (renamed PIC International and then Sygen International and subsequently acquired by Genus)
- De La Rue
- Dimension Data Holdings (market capitalisation fell too low, subsequently acquired by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone)
- Distillers (acquired by Guinness and now part of Diageo)
- Dixons Carphone
- Dixons Group (renamed to DSG International and then Dixons Retail; market capitalisation also fell too low)
- Dowty Group (acquired by TI Group, itself now part of Smiths Group)
- DSG International (renamed Dixons Retail; market capitalisation also fell too low)
- Eagle Star (acquired by BAT Industries and then demerged as part of Zurich Financial Services)
- Eastern Group (acquired by Texas Utilities and then Powergen, now part of E.ON UK)
- ECC Group (acquired by Imetal)
- Edinburgh Investment Trust
- EMAP (acquired by Apax and the Guardian Media Group)
- EMI Group (acquired by Terra Firma Capital Partners, now owned by Citigroup)
- Energis (acquired by Cable and Wireless)
- English China Clays (acquired by Imetal)
- Enterprise Inns
- Enterprise Oil (acquired by Royal Dutch Shell)
- Essar Energy
- Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation
- Exco International (acquired by British & Commonwealth Holdings)
- Exel (acquired by Deutsche Post)
- Ferranti International (collapsed in 1993)
- Fisons (acquired by Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, now Sanofi-Aventis)
- Foreign & Colonial Investment Trust
- Forte (acquired by Granada, now ITV)
- Freeserve (acquired by France Télécom, now Orange)
- Friends Life (acquired by Aviva)
- Friends Provident (acquired by Resolution Limited)
- Gallaher Group (acquired by Japan Tobacco)
- Gateway Corporation (renamed Somerfield, subsequently acquired by The Co-operative Group)
- GEC, formerly General Electric Company (renamed Marconi and then Telent)
- General Accident (merged with Commercial Union to form CGU, itself now part of Aviva)
- George Wimpey (merged with Taylor Woodrow to form Taylor Wimpey)
- Glaxo Wellcome (merged with SmithKline Beecham to form GlaxoSmithKline)
- Globe Investment Trust (acquired by British Coal Pension Fund)
- Granada Compass (split in 2001 to leave Granada and Compass Group)
- Granada (merged with Carlton Communications to form ITV)
- Greenall's Group (renamed De Vere Group and then acquired by a joint venture of private investors)
- Grand Metropolitan (merged with Guinness to form Diageo)
- Guardian Royal Exchange (acquired by Axa)
- Guinness (merged with Grand Metropolitan to form Diageo)
- GUS (now demerged into Home Retail Group and Experian)
- GVC Holdings
- Habitat Mothercare (merged with British Home Stores to form Storehouse and subsequently renamed Mothercare again)
- Halifax Group (merged with the Bank of Scotland to form HBOS)
- Hambro Life (renamed Allied Dunbar and acquired by BAT Industries and then demerged as part of Zurich Financial Services)
- Hanson (acquired by Heidelberg Cement)
- Harrisons & Crosfield (renamed Elementis)
- Hawker Siddeley (acquired by BTR, now Invensys)
- HBOS Group plc (acquired by Lloyds TSB, now Lloyds Banking Group)
- Hikma Pharmaceuticals
- Hillsdown Holdings (acquired by Hicks, Muse, Tate and Furst and then sold on as Premier Foods)
- Home Retail Group
- House of Fraser (acquired by Baugur)
- Imperial Chemical Industries (acquired by Akzo Nobel)
- Imperial Continental Gas Association (broke up into Calor and Contibel)
- Innogy Holdings (renamed Npower and acquired by RWE)
- International Power (acquired by GDF Suez)
- Intu Properties
- Invesco (moved primary listing to NYSE)
- Jaguar (acquired by Ford and then by Tata Motors)
- Kelda Group (acquired by Saltaire Water consortium) a consortium of investment companies including Citigroup and HSBC.
- Kingston Communications (renamed KCOM Group and market capitalisation fell too low)
- Kwik Save Group (merged with Somerfield)
- Laporte (major divisions acquired by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts)
- Lasmo (acquired by Eni)
- Lattice Group (merged with National Grid to form National Grid Transco)
- London Electricity (acquired by Électricité de France, now part of its EDF Energy division)
- Lonhro (renamed Lonmin)
- Lucas Industries (merged with Varity to form LucasVarity, then acquired by TRW)
- LucasVarity (acquired by TRW)
- Magnet and Southerns (acquired by Berisford)
- Man Group
- Maxwell Communications Corporation (collapsed in 1991)
- MB-Caradon (renamed Caradon and then Novar, then acquired by Honeywell)
- Mediclinic International
- MEPC (acquired by Leconport Estates)
- Mercury Asset Management (acquired by Merrill Lynch)
- Merlin Entertainments
- MFI Furniture (renamed Galiform and then Howden Joinery and market capitalisation fell too low)
- Midlands Electricity (acquired by Acquila Sterling, now part of E.ON UK)
- Midland Bank (acquired by HSBC)
- Mitchells & Butlers
- National Westminster Bank (acquired by Royal Bank of Scotland Group)
- NFC (merged with Ocean Group to form Exel, now part of Deutsche Post)
- Northern Foods (market capitalisation fell too low, before being acquired by Ranjit Boparan)
- Northern Rock (market capitalisation fell too low, before being nationalised)
- Norwich Union (merged with CGNU to form Aviva)
- Nycomed Amersham (acquired by GE)
- O2 (renamed Telefónica Europe following acquisition by Telefónica)
- Old Mutual (managed separation of the business)
- Orange (acquired by Mannesmann and then by France Télécom, now Orange)
- PartyGaming (market capitalisation fell too low, before merging with Bwin to become bwin.party digital entertainment)
- P&O (acquired by Dubai Ports World)
- P&O Princess Cruises (merged with Carnival Corporation and re-listed as Carnival PLC)
- Pennon Group
- Pilkington (acquired by Nippon Sheet Glass)
- Plessey (acquired by GEC and Siemens)
- Polly Peck (collapsed in 1990)
- Polymetal International
- PowerGen (acquired by E.ON UK)
- Provident Financial
- Punch Taverns
- Racal Electronics (acquired by Thomson-CSF and then Thales Group)
- Railtrack (collapsed in 2001)
- Randgold Resources (merged with Barrick Gold Corp)
- Rank Hovis McDougall (acquired by Premier Foods)
- Reckitt and Coleman (merged with Benckiser to form Reckitt Benckiser)
- Redland (acquired by Lafarge)
- Reed International (merged with Elsevier to form Reed Elsevier)
- Rentokil Initial
- Resolution Limited (changed its name to Friends Life Group)
- Resolution plc (acquired by Pearl Group)
- Rexam (acquired by Ball Corporation)
- RMC Group (acquired by Cemex)
- Rothmans International (acquired by British American Tobacco)
- J Rothschild (renamed St. James's Place and market capitalisation fell too low)
- Rowntree's (acquired by Nestlé)
- Royal Insurance (merged with Sun Alliance Group to form Royal & SunAlliance)
- Royal Mail
- Saatchi & Saatchi (acquired by Publicis)
- Safeway (acquired by Morrisons)
- SABMiller (acquired by Anheuser-Busch InBev)
- Scottish & Newcastle (acquired by a consortium formed of Heineken & Carlsberg)
- Scottish Hydro Electric (merged with Southern Electric to form Scottish and Southern Energy)
- Scottish Power (acquired by Iberdrola)
- Sears (acquired by January Investments - itself controlled by Philip Green)
- Securicor (merged with Group 4 Falck to form G4S)
- Sedgwick (acquired by Marsh & McLennan)
- Sema Group (acquired by Schlumberger)
- Shell Transport and Trading Company (now re-organised with Royal Dutch Petroleum Company as Royal Dutch Shell)
- Shire (acquired by Takeda Pharmaceutical Company)
- Siebe (merged with BTR to form Invensys)
- Sky (acquired by Comcast)
- SmithKline Beecham (merged with Glaxo Wellcome to form GlaxoSmithKline)
- Smiths Industries (renamed to Smiths Group)
- Southern Electric (merged with Scottish Hydro Electric to form Scottish and Southern Energy)
- Sports Direct
- Stagecoach Group
- Standard Telephones and Cables (renamed STC and acquired by Nortel)
- Storehouse (renamed Mothercare)
- Sun Alliance Group (merged with Royal Insurance to form Royal & Sun Alliance)
- Sun Life Assurance (acquired by Axa)
- Sun Life & Provincial Holdings (acquired by Axa)
- Tarmac (acquired by Anglo American)
- Tate & Lyle
- Taylor Wimpey
- Taylor Woodrow (merged with George Wimpey to form Taylor Wimpey)
- Telewest Communications (merged with NTL to form NTL:Telewest now Virgin Media)
- Thames Water (acquired by RWE and then sold to Macquarie Bank)
- The Energy Group (acquired by Texas Utilities and then by E.ON UK)
- Thomas Cook Group
- Thomson Reuters (delisted shares from the London Stock Exchange as it ceased to be a dual-listed company)
- Thorn (acquired by Nomura Group)
- Thorn EMI (renamed EMI Group and then acquired by Terra Firma Capital Partners)
- Thus (market capitalisation fell too low, subsequently acquired by Cable & Wireless Worldwide)
- TI Group (acquired by Smiths Group)
- Tomkins (acquired by Onex Corporation and Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)
- Trafalgar House (acquired by Kværner)
- Travis Perkins
- TSB Group (merged with Lloyds Bank to form Lloyds TSB)
- Trusthouse Forte (acquired by Granada)
- TUI Travel
- Tullow Oil
- Ultramar (acquired by LASMO and now part of Eni)
- Unigate (renamed Uniq, then market capitalisation fell too low)
- United Biscuits (acquired by consortium of financial investors)
- United Business Media
- Vedanta Resources
- Warburg SG (acquired by Swiss Bank Corporation, now part of UBS)
- Weir Group
- Wellcome (merged with Glaxo to form Glaxo Wellcome, then with SmithKline Beecham to form GlaxoSmithKline)
- W H Smith
- William Hill
- Williams Holdings (demerged into Kidde and Chubb Security, both now part of United Technologies Corporation)
- Willis Corroon (acquired by Trinity Acquisition on behalf of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and renamed Willis Group)
- Willis Faber (acquired by Trinity Acquisition on behalf of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and renamed Willis Coroon and then Willis Group)
- Wood Group
- Worldpay (acquired by Vantiv)
- Woolwich (acquired by Barclays)
- Yell Group
- Zeneca (merged with Astra to form AstraZeneca)
source: "FTSE: FTSE 100 Constituent Changes" (PDF). (57.9 KB)
The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index (FTOI). It was established in 1935 and nowadays is largely obsolete due to its redundancy. It is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and companies listed are from the industrial and commercial sectors. Financial sector companies and government stocks are excluded.
Of the original constituents, four are currently in the FTSE 100: Guest Keen & Nettlefolds (GKN), Tate & Lyle, Imperial Tobacco and Rolls-Royce, although Rolls-Royce has not been continuously listed and Imperial Tobacco was a subsidiary of Hanson for a number of years. ICI was removed when it was taken over by Akzo Nobel in January 2008. Two of the original FT 30 companies are still in that index: GKN and Tate & Lyle (membership is not strictly based on market capitalisation, so this does not mean they are necessarily among the top thirty companies in the FTSE 100). The best performer from the original lineup has been Imperial Tobacco.
- Other lists
- List of largest companies by revenue, worldwide
- List of corporate collapses and scandals, on major bankruptcies historically and worldwide
- List of largest United Kingdom employers, including the public sector
- List of private equity firms
- List of largest private companies in the United Kingdom
- List of hedge funds
- Stock market lists
- List of stock market indices
- Financial Times Global 500, the BBC Global 30 and the Fortune Global 500, list the world's largest corporations by market capitalisation
- FTSE 250 and FTSE techMARK 100, a longer FT list, and one for the "new economy"
- Dow Jones and the DAX 30, equivalent to the FT 30 in the US and Germany
- S&P 100 and the HDAX, top 100 in the US and top 110 in Germany
- AEX index
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