Richard Edgcumbe, 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe
The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe
|Captain of the Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners|
|Prime Minister||The Duke of Portland |
Hon. Spencer Perceval
|Preceded by||The Lord St John of Bletso|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Courtown|
|Born||13 September 1764|
|Died||26 September 1839(aged 75)|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Sophia Hobart |
|Parents||George Edgcumbe, 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe |
Richard Edgcumbe, 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe PC (13 September 1764 – 26 September 1839), styled Viscount Valletort between 1789 and 1795, was a British politician and writer on music.
Edgcumbe was the son of George Edgcumbe, 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, and Emma, daughter of John Gilbert (archbishop of York). In the 1770s he was in Florence where Johann Zoffany included him in a painting, Tribuna of the Uffizi commissioned by the Queen. Edgcumbe is one of the younger figures looking over the shoulder of Charles Loraine Smith and by a group who are admiring a painting on the left of the picture.
Edgcumbe was returned to parliament for Fowey in 1786. In the June 1790 election there was a double return for the constituency, but Edgcumbe and another candidate was declared elected in March 1791. In June 1790 he was also returned for Lostwithiel, but chose to represent Fowey. In 1795 he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. He served under the Duke of Portland and Spencer Perceval as Captain of the Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners between 1808 and 1812. In 1808 he was sworn of the Privy Council. In the same year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
Writer on music
Edgcumbe was the author of Musical Reminiscences of the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, containing a list of the operas he heard from 1773 to 1823. This book has been often cited by musicologists concerned with operatic history from Mozart to Rossini. He also composed an Italian opera seria, Zenobia., which was staged but once at the King's Theatre in 1800, starring Brigida Banti.
Lord Mount Edgcumbe married Lady Sophia Hobart, daughter of John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire, on 21 February 1789. They had five children:
- Lady Emma Sophia Edgcumbe (28 July 1791 – 28 January 1872), married John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow, on 17 July 1828.
- Lady Caroline Anne Edgcumbe (22 October 1792 – 10 April 1824), married Ranald George Macdonald, 20th of Clanranald, in April 1812 and had issue.
- William Richard Edgcumbe, Viscount Valletort (19 November 1794 – 29 October 1818).
- Ernest Augustus Edgcumbe, 3rd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (23 March 1797 – 3 September 1861).
- Hon. George Edgcumbe (28 June 1800 – 18 February 1882).
The Countess of Mount Edgcumbe died in August 1806. Lord Mount Edgcumbe remained a widower until his death in September 1839, aged 75. He is buried at St Peter's Church, Petersham, Richmond-upon-Thames.
- A key to the people shown, oneonta.edu, retrieved 17 October 2014
- thepeerage.com Richard Edgcumbe, 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Fairfield to Fylde South
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: London University to Lymington
- "No. 16126". The London Gazette. 8 March 1808. p. 353.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Wayne Koestenbaum, The Queen's Throat: Opera, Homosexuality and the Mystery of Desire, Gay Men's Press, 1994, page 17
- Curtis Price, Mount Edgcumbe, Richard, in Stanley Sadie (ed), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New York, Grove (Oxford University Press), 1997, III, pp. 487-488, ISBN 978-0-19-522186-2.
- "Tomb of the Earl of Mount Edgecumbe in the Churchyard of St Peter's Church A Grade II Listed Building in Richmond upon Thames, London". British Listed Buildings.