Richard H. Kirk

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Richard Harold Kirk
Richard H Kirk DJ at Music For Real Airports Project 2010-04-24.jpg
Richard H. Kirk performing as DJ at Music for Real Airports event in Sheffield (2010)
Background information
Also known as Electronic Eye, Sandoz, Trafficante
Born (1956-03-21) 21 March 1956 (age 62)
Origin Sheffield, England
Genres Electronica
Occupation(s) Composer, producer, musician
Instruments Multi-instrumentalist
Years active 1973–present
Labels Industrial, Doublevision, Rough Trade, Warp, Touch, Beyond, Alphaphone, Blast First, Intone, Mute/EMI
Associated acts Cabaret Voltaire

Richard Harold Kirk (born 21 March 1956) is an English musician who has specialised in electronic music since the 1970s.


Kirk first came to prominence in the 1970s as a member of the seminal industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. His first release as a solo artist, Disposable Half-Truths, was released in 1980 and he maintained a career as a solo artist alongside Cabaret Voltaire until the band's dissolution in 1994. He reformed the band in 2014 as the sole remaining member, performing sporadicly with all-new material more akin to his solowork than the output of the original incarnation of Cabaret Voltaire.

During the 1990s his solo output increased considerably. Kirk’s works have explored multiple types of electronic/dance music under many pseudonyms. His prolific work has resulted in AllMusic calling him contemporary techno's busiest man.[1]


In addition to solo releases under his own name, Richard H. Kirk has used the following aliases:

  • Agents With False Memories
  • Al Jabr
  • Anarchia
  • Biochemical Dread
  • Blacworld
  • Chemical Agent
  • Citrus
  • Cold Warrior
  • Countzero
  • Dark Magus
  • Destructive Impact
  • Dr. Xavier
  • Electronic Eye
  • Extended Family
  • Frightgod
  • Future Cop Movies
  • Harold Sandoz
  • International Organisation
  • King Of Kings
  • Multiple Transmission
  • Nine Miles Dub
  • Nitrogen
  • Orchestra Terrestrial
  • Outland Assassin
  • Papadoctrine
  • Pat Riot
  • Port-au-Prince
  • PSI Punky Dread Allstars
  • Reflexiv
  • The Revolutionary Army
  • Robots + Humanoids
  • Sandoz
  • Signals Intelligence
  • The Silent Age
  • Sweet Exorcist
  • Trafficante
  • Ubermenschlich
  • Ubu Rahmen
  • Wicky Wacky
  • Vasco de Mento

Partial discography[edit]


As Sandoz[edit]

  • Digital Lifeforms (1993, Touch)
  • Intensely Radioactive (1994, Touch)
  • Every Man Got Dreaming (1995, Touch)
  • Dark Continent (1996, Touch)
  • God Bless the Conspiracy (1997, Alphaphone)
  • In Dub: Chant to Jah (1998, Touch; 2002, Soul Jazz)
  • Afrocentris (2001, Intone)
  • Live in the Earth: Sandoz in Dub Chapter 2 (2006, Soul Jazz)
  • In Dub: Chapter Two/Extra Time (Under The Stones) (2006, Intone)
  • Acid Editions (303 Excursions) (2009, Intone)
  • Digital Life Time (2012, Intone)
  • #9294 (Collected Works 1992-1994) (2016, Mute Records)

As Electronic Eye[edit]

  • Closed Circuit (1994, Beyond)
  • The Idea of Justice (1995, Beyond)
  • Neurometrik (2000, Alphaphone)
  • Autoshark (2006, Intone)

12-inch singles[edit]

  • "Leather Hands" (with Peter Hope)
  • "Surgeons" (with Peter Hope)
  • "Hipnotic"


The following is a list of groups and artists Kirk has worked with:


  1. ^ Sean Cooper (1956-03-21). "Richard H. Kirk | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
  2. ^ "Richard H. Kirk - Reality Is Opposite (File, Album)". 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2017-01-05.

External links[edit]