Richard L. Heschl

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Richard Ladislaus Heschl

Richard Ladislaus Heschl (German: [ˈhɛʃl̩]; July 5, 1824, in Welsdorf,[1] nearby Fürstenfeld, Steiermark – May 26, 1881, in Wien) was an Austrian anatomist.


In 1849 he received his medical doctorate from the University of Vienna, where in 1850 he became a "first assistant" to Carl von Rokitansky (1804-1878). In 1854 he was appointed professor of anatomy at the medical-surgical school in Olomouc, and during the following year became a professor of pathological anatomy in Krakow. In 1861 he became a professor at the medical-surgical school at Graz (from 1863 a full professor), serving as university rector in 1864-65. In 1875, he returned to the University of Vienna. After his death, his position at Vienna was filled by Hans Kundrat (1845-1893).

Heschl is credited as the first physician to describe the transverse temporal gyrus or "Heschl's gyrus", located in the primary auditory cortex. This anatomical structure processes incoming auditory information.

Literary works[edit]

  • Compendium der allgemeinen und speziellen pathologischen Anatomie, (1855) - Compendium of general and special pathological anatomy.
  • Sectionstechnik, (1859)
  • Über die vordere quere Schläfenwindung, (1878) - On the front transverse temporal gyrus.


  • Parts of this article are based on a translation of an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia, namely Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Band 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1959, S. 302 f. (Direktlinks auf S. 302, S. 303).
  1. ^ Welsdorf (Steiermark, Austria)

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