Richard McBride

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This article is about the politician. For the beat poet Richard William McBride, see Dick McBride (poet). For the visual effects supervisor, see Richard McBride (visual effects).
Sir Richard McBride
KCMG
Richard McBride.jpg
16th Premier of British Columbia
In office
June 1, 1903 – December 15, 1915
Monarch Edward VII
George V
Lieutenant Governor Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
James Dunsmuir
Thomas Wilson Paterson
Francis Stillman Barnard
Preceded by Edward Gawler Prior
Succeeded by William John Bowser
MLA for Westminster-Dewdney
In office
July 9, 1898 – October 3, 1903
Preceded by Colin Buchanan Sword
Succeeded by district abolished
MLA for Dewdney
In office
October 3, 1903 – November 25, 1909
Preceded by first member
Succeeded by William J. Manson
MLA for Yale
In office
November 25, 1909 – March 28, 1912
Preceded by Stuart Alexander Henderson
Succeeded by Alexander Lucas
MLA for Victoria City
In office
February 2, 1907 – December 15, 1915
Serving with Henry Frederick William Behnsen, Frederick Davey, Henry Broughton Thomson
Preceded by William George Cameron
Richard Low Drury
Richard Hall
James Dugald McNiven
Succeeded by Harlan Carey Brewster
Personal details
Born (1870-12-15)December 15, 1870
New Westminster, British Columbia
Died August 6, 1917(1917-08-06) (aged 46)
London, England
Nationality Canadian
Political party Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Government
Spouse(s) Christine Margaret McGillivray (m. 1896)
Children 6 daughters
Alma mater Schulich School of Law
Occupation lawyer
Profession politician
Cabinet Minister of Mines (1900-1901)

Sir Richard McBride, KCMG (December 15, 1870 – August 6, 1917) was a British Columbia politician and is often considered the founder of the British Columbia Conservative Party. McBride was first elected to the provincial legislature in the 1898 election, and served in the cabinet of James Dunsmuir from 1900 to 1901. McBride believed that the province's system of non-party government was unstable and hindered development. After the lieutenant-governor appointed him the 16th premier in June 1903 and McBride announced that his government was a Conservative Party administration and would contest the upcoming election along party lines. On October 3, 1903, McBride's party, the British Columbia Conservative Party won the first provincial election to be fought along party lines with a two-seat majority.

The new Conservative government attempted to stabilize the economy by cutting spending and raising new taxes. It also introduced progressive reforms of the province's labour law. In 1909 McBride unveiled plans for a provincial university and promised to build more railway lines. The party won commanding majorities in the 1909 and 1912 elections, almost shutting the Opposition out of the legislature.

McBride's Conservatives were aligned with the federal Conservatives of Robert Borden, and helped them take power in the 1911 federal election. On the first day of the First World War, the provincial government purchased and took possession of two submarines (HMCS CC-1 and HMCS CC-2) to defend the province from the threat of German attack. As provinces are not constitutionally allowed to maintain militaries, they were quickly transferred by order to the federal government within 48 hours and entered service with the Royal Canadian Navy in August 1914.[1]

His government was also responsible for the creation of the province's first university, the University of British Columbia, which opened its doors in 1915.

The government's popularity waned as an economic downturn hit the province along with the mounting railway debts. McBride resigned on December 15, 1915, to become the province's representative in London, where he died in 1917.

Richard McBride is interred in the Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria, British Columbia.

Legacy[edit]

The small community of McBride, British Columbia was named after this premier during the time he was in office. Also named for the premier, the McBride River in northern British Columbia is a major tributary of the Stikine.

Sir Richard McBride Elementary School in Vancouver was named after him in 1911 during his tenure as Premier as well as McBride Park in Kitsilano on July 26, 1911.( During World War I the park was used for the cultivation of vegetables.)

Also named for him is McBride Boulevard in New Westminster which is the western ramp for the Pattullo Bridge.

See also[edit]

HMCS CC-1 and HMCS CC-2

References[edit]

External links[edit]