Opening title of Series 1
|Created by||Eric Chappell|
Frances de la Tour
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||4|
|No. of episodes||28 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Original release||2 September 1974 –|
9 May 1978
Rising Damp is a British sitcom produced by Yorkshire Television for ITV. ITV originally broadcast the programme from 2 September 1974 until 9 May 1978. It was adapted for television by Eric Chappell from his 1971 stage play The Banana Box (retained as the working title early in the series). The series was the highest-ranking ITV sitcom in the BBC's 100 Best Sitcoms poll of 2004.
Rising Damp starred Leonard Rossiter, Frances de la Tour, Richard Beckinsale and Don Warrington. Rossiter played Rupert Rigsby (originally Rooksby in the stage play), the miserly, seedy, and ludicrously self-regarding landlord of a run-down Victorian townhouse who rents out his shabby bedsits to a variety of tenants. Beckinsale played Alan Moore, a long-haired, naive, good-natured and amiable medical student who occupies the top room. Frances de la Tour played Ruth Jones, a fey, whimsical spinster and college administrator who rents another room, is approaching middle age, and with whom Rigsby is in love.
In the pilot episode, a new tenant arrives. Philip Smith (Don Warrington) is a planning student who claims to be the son of an African Chief. As a black man, he brings out the ill-informed fears and knee-jerk suspicions of Rigsby. However, the landlord quickly accepts his new tenant and henceforth regards him with a wary respect... wary because of Philip's intelligence and smooth manners, and especially because Miss Jones finds herself attracted to the handsome sophisticate. Of these four principal actors, only Beckinsale was a new recruit – the others had all played their roles in the original stage play.
In the first series, there was another tenant Spooner, a professional wrestler, played by Derek Newark. Rigsby gets on his bad side when he and Alan 'borrow' his clothes in the episode 'A Night Out'. Spooner made only two appearances but is mentioned in other episodes in Series 1. Other tenants occasionally move into the house but never became permanent residents, often appearing only in a single episode. Peter Bowles and Peter Jeffrey were among the actors portraying these tenants.
Frances de la Tour temporarily left the series in 1975, after appearing in four episodes of the second series, because of theatre commitments. She was "replaced" by Gabrielle Rose for three episodes as new tenant Brenda (she also appeared in la Tour's last episode of 1975 "Moonlight and Roses"), whilst Henry McGee also stood in for one episode as new tenant and conman Seymour. Frances de la Tour returned for the final two series.
Richard Beckinsale did not appear in the fourth series due to West End theatre commitments. Eric Chappell wrote some lines into the intended first episode 'Fire and Brimstone' to explain Alan's absence (he had passed his exams to become a doctor) but these were cut when it was decided to broadcast the second episode 'Hello Young Lovers' as the first episode instead.
Eric Chappell defended Rigsby by saying he "was not a racist or a bigot, but he was prejudiced and suspicious of strangers. But he accepted Philip and his only concern afterwards was that he didn't get a leg over Miss Jones."
The setting is a rundown Victorian townhouse let out as bedsits in Yorkshire. The exact setting is not explicitly stated although it is implied to be Leeds, through references to Leeds United, Yorkshire Traction, the M62 and the Corn Exchange. The film, however, is set in London.
Emphasis on personal failure
The programme depicts closely the failing lives of three of the four main characters. Rigsby is longtime separated from his wife and has since become a seedy, ignorant man who is suspicious of anyone different from himself. Miss Jones is an unhappy spinster who is shown to be desperate for male attention (even willing, in effect, to pay for it). Alan is socially inept and remains a virgin throughout much of the series, despite appearing to be in his mid 20s. Philip, by contrast, is a relatively learned and emotionally intelligent man, who responds to Rigsby's racist ignorance with a kind of ironic complicity, as expressed through lies reminiscing about his African life full of magic, violence and sexual promiscuity, often resulting in Rigsby making a fool of himself through his gullible willingness to believe these stories.
The landlord of the house, Rupert Rigsby (Leonard Rossiter) is dour, interfering and tight fisted. He has strong right wing views which are adopted without morals or reason. For example, in the film adaptation he states that hanging should be reinstated but this time in public. Rigsby is an old fashioned colonial type with prejudiced views. He is suspicious of anything beyond his parochial sphere of interest and, most particularly of Philip, who is suave, intelligent, well-spoken – and black. He is also jealous of Philip because he is enigmatic, adroit, charismatic, and educated, all that Rigsby aspires to be but is not. Rigsby is an ardent patriot, believing himself to be an illegitimate member of the British royal family. He also makes exaggerated and romanticised references to his military service during World War II, frequently referring to 'a bit of trouble with the old shrapnel' and fighting at the Battle of Dunkirk "I haven't seen fear like that since Dunkirk". He also refers to seeing action at the Battle of Anzio, and been in Africa during World War Two. Rigsby is also a tremendous snob, obsessed with being perceived as middle class. He often affects an 'old school tie' attitude- another of his fantasies. While Rigsby tries to flirt with the upper-classes, when they invariably reject him he distances himself, declaring himself to be a self-made man and calling the prospective Conservative candidate an 'upper-class twit' after he refers to Rigbsy's lodging house as the 'unacceptable face of capitalism' and accuses Rigsby of having cheated at billiards in the local conservative club. Rigsby is estranged from his wife, whom he still hates.
Seedy and furtive, Rigsby has poor interpersonal skills. His professed love of Miss Jones is mostly sexual. She rejects him due to him being married, until his marriage ends and Miss Jones accepts his proposal.
As he pries and spies upon his tenants, Rigsby often carries Vienna, his large, fluffy, long-haired, black-and-white tomcat. Rigsby's amiable pet, and confidant, is so named because – as Rigsby tells it – when he goes to put him out on a cold dark night, if there is another set of eyes out there, then it's Good Night, Vienna.
Ruth Jones (Frances de la Tour) is an educated college administrator and lifelong spinster. She is a romantic, but usually only gets male attention from Rigsby to which she is intermittently susceptible, though mostly finding his approaches an annoyance. Like Rigsby, Miss Jones has pretensions, believing herself to be better than the life she leads and to be reasonably sophisticated. The comedy uses pathos to touch upon the sad, failing life of Miss Jones; in one episode she gives money to a man she has romantic interest in, knowing full well he is conning her, but craving male attention to a point where she is willing to effectively pay him for it. Miss Jones openly fancies Philip, frequently cooking for him, much to the annoyance of Rigsby. However, unfortunately for her, this is not reciprocated. She does find solace in Philip's superior intellect and the two appear to be friends. Besides being a sexual interest of Rigsby, Miss Jones is also a social interest to him, being as she is genuinely middle class (seemingly upper middle class). Rigsby sees her as a sophisticate and any courtship with Miss Jones would be a social as well as sexual conquest.
Alan Guy Moore (Richard Beckinsale) is a likeable young medical student. Rigsby treats him with mistrust, mainly because of Alan's permissive, left wing views. Alan has little luck with girlfriends, but is content with his life. Alan hails from a middle-class family and appreciates music and arts. Although Alan is academically successful, socially he is somewhat inept, appearing to have few friends outside of the lodging house. Alan occasionally confides his problems in Rigsby, who is always unsympathetic. On one occasion however, Alan is defended by Rigsby, when the incandescent father of Sandra (one of his girlfriends) suspects the two of them have been having sex, Rigsby sends the man out of the house with a 'flea in his ear', defending Alan, apparently because Rigsby was offended the man assumed Rigsby to be Alan's father. Alan is immature and Rigsby does become something of a strange father figure for him.
Alan Moore did not appear in the last series (Series 4) of Rising Damp, Richard Beckinsale being busy with other acting work.
Philip Smith (Don Warrington) is a second generation British African from Croydon, although for all of the series he claims to be an "African Prince" and the son of an African tribal chief. Philip's lies about his 'primitive' background seem most obviously an ironic response to Rigsby's ignorant remarks, and sometimes result in moments when Rigsby's gullibility and desperation lead to his belief in some aspect of Philip's lore: for example, the 'love wood' which fails to excite Miss Jones (in the 'Charisma' episode, first broadcast 1974). Philip is an intelligent, educated man (more so than the moderately educated Alan and Miss Jones), he is sophisticated and suave; this makes Rigsby suspicious of him, particularly as Miss Jones openly fancies him. Philip does not reciprocate Miss Jones's romantic interest.
Croydon was not revealed to be the true birthplace of Philip until the film version of Rising Damp (1980). Don Warrington commented in Britain's 50 Best Sitcoms on Channel 4, that this fact was planned to be a plot development in the TV series, but the death of Richard Beckinsale meant this was not possible. In fact in the film when Phillip informed Rigsby of the fact that he was not an African Prince,Rigsby dismissed that cheerfully and said that there could have been royalty somewhere in his heritage.
A feature film version was released in 1980, reusing several storylines from the television series. As Richard Beckinsale had died the year before, Christopher Strauli was cast as a new character, art student John. The character of Alan is briefly referenced, as having left. The film's theme song features lyrics by Eric Chappell and was released as a 7" single. The B-side features comedy dialogue between Rigsby and Miss Jones.
Philip is revealed not to be a chief's son from Africa, but from Croydon, adopting his false persona to start a new life and gain respect. When Rigsby finds out, he tells Philip that he believes he must have some royal ancestry and he does not tell the rest of the characters about his deception. This plotline is from the original stageplay The Banana Box.
Repeats, DVD and scripts
As of 2017[update] the series is still repeated on UK digital channel ITV3; Easter saw the entire series and film shown over the four-day holiday, accompanied by a brand new two-part documentary, Rising Damp Forever, featuring cast and crew recollections on the making of the show. The series was repeated on Channel 4 between 1998 and 2004 until ITV3 was launched.
The complete series has been released on Region 2 DVD under the Granada Media, Cinema Club and ITV DVD labels; from 2006 to 2008, Acorn Media released it on region 1 DVD in North American markets. On screen episode titles have been added to the DVD versions of series 1 & 2, the episode titles on series 3 & 4 are however original.
The complete scripts for the series have been published as Rising Damp: The Complete Scripts by Eric Chappell; edited by Richard Webber. London: Granada Media, 2002. This collection does not include the feature film version. In his introduction, Eric Chappell writes: "When I decided to publish the scripts of Rising Damp my first thought was, did I have them all? What followed was a desperate search in the loft amongst piles of mildewed papers until I found them.… The scripts were written in feverish haste by someone who didn’t really know what he was doing, and who was finding things out as he went along. I didn’t admit this at the time, even to myself. I took the view that sitcom writers fell into two categories: the quick and the dead, and I didn’t intend to be one of the latter!"
Meaning of the title
Rising damp is a condition caused by ground moisture rising up a masonry wall by capillary action. It often occurs where there is no damp-proof course (DPC) or where the DPC has been damaged or bridged. Older houses, such as depicted in the show, were built without damp-proof courses or with a barrier material that is liable to failure.
In the British climate, water infiltration of structures is a common problem, particularly in older houses without a basement or cellar and those constructed before the commonplace use of a damp course. Penetrating damp is visible as a darker patch on the plaster lining of the inner wall, usually starting at floor level on the ground floor and rising up from there, hence the term 'rising damp'. In extreme cases, salt leached out of the wall forms crystals on the surface of the plaster as the water evaporates. The appearance of rising damp in a house suggests a degree of neglect, age, decrepitude etc.
|DVD Title||Country of Release||Region||Date of Release||DVD company||Catalog Number||Notes|
All DVD releases are single disc, unless otherwise indicated.
|Rising Damp - The Complete First Series||United Kingdom||2||7 May 2001||Granada Media|
|The Very Best of Rising Damp||United Kingdom||2||16 September 2002||Cinema Club||Compilation Release|
|Rising Damp - The Movie||Australia||4||17 February 2003||Umbrella|
|Rising Damp - The Works||United Kingdom||2||14 June 2004||Cinema Club||4-disc set of series 1-4; Missing Christmas episode.|
|Rising Damp - The Movie||United Kingdom||2||15 November 2004||ITV DVD|
|Rising Damp - The Complete TV Series PLUS the Movie||United Kingdom||2||21 November 2005||ITV DVD||37115 20253||5-disc set of the complete series (including Christmas episode) plus the movie|
|Rising Damp - Series 1||United States||1||10 January 2006||Acorn Media|
|Rising Damp - Series 1 & 2||Australia||4||28 July 2007||Acmec Records||ACMEC075||2 Disc set.|
|Rising Damp - Series 1 & 2||Australia||4||5 July 2012||Roadshow Entertainment||R-112820-9||2 Disc set.|
|Rising Damp - Series 2||United States||1||6 June 2006||Acorn Media|
|Rising Damp - Series 3||United States||1||16 January 2007||Acorn Media|
|Rising Damp - Series 3 & 4||Australia||4||24 April 2008||Acmec Records||ACMEC080||2 Disc set.|
|Rising Damp - Series 3 & 4||Australia||4||6 February 2013||Roadshow Entertainment||R-113401-9||2 Disc set.|
|Rising Damp - Series 4||United States||1||17 July 2007||Acorn Media|
|Rising Damp - The Movie||United States||1||15 January 2008||Acorn Media|
|Rising Damp - The Complete Series||United Kingdom||2||1 September 2008||ITV DVD||5-disc set of all four series including Christmas episode plus the 1980 Film version|
^ This includes the film version, since Carlton had acquired the rights to the film, and through the mergers of the various ITV companies Granada Television subsequently acquired the rights to both the Carlton and Yorkshire Television archives.
- Writer Eric Chappell itv.com Retrieved 2 December 2009
- The Banana Box working title guardian.co.uk
- "Britain's Best Sitcom: Top 11 to 100". bbcattic.org. London: BBC. 2004. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- Cast of characters itv.com Retrieved 2 December 2009
- "LeonardRossiter.com: Rigsby Online - Story of Rising Damp - The Play". leonardrossiter.com.