Roman Catholic Diocese of Skopje

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Diocese of Skopje
Dioecesis Scopiensis
Скопска бискупија
Catholic church in Skopje, Macedonia 4.JPG
Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Skopje)
Location
Country Macedonia
Ecclesiastical province Archdiocese of Vrhbosna
Statistics
Area 30,010 km2 (11,590 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
2,350,000[1]
3,662[1] (0.2%)
Parishes 2[1]
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Cathedral Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Skopje)
Co-cathedral Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart (Bitola)
Secular priests 3[1]
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Kiro Stojanov
Metropolitan Archbishop Vinko Puljić

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Skopje (Lat:Dioecesis Scopiensis), is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Macedonia. From the 4th century to 1656, when it was renamed to Archdiocese of Skopje, it was known as the Archdiocese of Dardania. In 1969 along with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Prizren, it formed the Diocese of Skopje-Prizren. In 2000 it became a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Vrhbosna, and the bishop is Kiro Stojanov, appointed in 2005.

History[edit]

Originally erected in the 4th century as the ancient Archdiocese of Dardania, the archdiocese was a bulwark of the Roman Empire, as it was on the primary north/south route from Athens to Sirmium. With the great troubles in the Empire, the Archdiocese remained in the Empire long after the fall of Rome. After suffering from an earthquake in 518, the metropolitan cathedral was rebuilt along with most of Skopje, by the Emperor Justinian.

Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Bitola

In the 7th century, as the Roman power declined in the Eastern Empire, the Slavs invaded and destroyed the city. No bishops are known from 553 to 882.[2] After being rebuilt, Skopje switched hands several times in the power struggle between the Romans and the Bulgarians, before the eventual collapse of the Bulgarian empire. Until 1014, the Archdiocese was in the hands of the Bulgarians, when the Byzantines finally crushed Tsar Samoil, and reincorporated them within the empire.

There were Catholic bishops in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries[2] but Skopje remained Byzantine until 1282 when it was conquered by Serbia. After the arrival of the Ottomans and the defeat of the Serbs in the battle of Kosovo (1389), Skopje was conquered by Ottomans in 1392. It would be three centuries before Catholic see would be revived again: it was a titular see from 1346 to 1656.[2] In 1656, after the defeat of the Turks in the battle of Vienna, the city was raided and taken by the Austrians, and the archdiocese was finally restored and renamed the Archdiocese of Skopje (Scopia). This marked a brief interlude, as the Turks pressed them back and the see was suppressed once again under the Turks. The archbishops had to reside in the Albanian mountains.[2]

The modern history of the diocese begins after the Greek rebellion in 1816,[clarification needed] with the appointment of Matej Krasniqi (Matthaes Crasnich) as the first resident archbishop of Skopje in over 500 years of Ottoman rule. Since then, there has been an unbroken string of bishops, who resided in Uskup from 1860.[2]

Ottoman rule ended in 1912, when Skopje came under the rule of Kingdom of Serbia. In order to regulate status of Catholic Church, government of Serbia concluded official Concordat with Holy See on 24 June 1914. By the Second Article of Concordat, it was decided that "Diocese of Skopje" shall be created as a regular bishopric, and placed under jurisdiction of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Belgrade that was about to be created.[3] Because of the breakout of First World War, those provisions could not be implemented, and only after 1918 new arrangements were made.

In 1924, after the devastation of the First World War, the archdiocese was downgraded to a diocese. In 1969, the diocese was merged with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Prizren, and became the Diocese of Skopje-Prizren. In 2000, they were split once again, as the portion that was formerly the diocese of Prizren became the Apostolic Administration of Prizren, and the Diocese of Skopje returned to its former name.

Ordinaries[edit]

Archdiocese of Scupi (Dardania)[edit]

  • Daco † (mentioned circa 325)
  • Paregorio † [4]
  • Ursilio † (mentioned circa 458)
  • Giovanni † (before 490 – after 495)

Reestablished in 13th century[edit]

  • Marino † (1204)
  • Giovanni † (1298 – 17 October 1321, died)
  • Giovanni, O.P. † (5 February 1327 – ?, died)
  • Federico de Retersberck, O.F.M. † (8 July 1351 – ?, resigned)
  • Giovanni Kaiode, O.E.S.A. † (14 March 1352 – ?, died)
  • Giovanni di Siberg, O.Cist. † (23 October 1354 – 30 September 1384, died)
  • Ermanno †
  • Antonio di Teramo, O.F.M. † (5 July 1400 – ?)
  • Roberto Towta, O.Cist. † (12 August 1402 – ?)
  • Alberto †
  • Giovanni Heldin, O.P. † (? – 1466, died)
  • Benedetto Warsalunus † (10 November 1518 – ?)
  • Stefano Zacalnizi † (3 August 1554 – ?, died)
  • Francesco de Andreis † (20 July 1571 – ?, died)
  • Giacinto Macripodari (29 July 1645 – 1649)[5][6][7][8]

Archdiocese of Skopje[edit]

  • Andrea Bogdani (1656–1677), first Roman Catholic Archbishop of Skopje
  • Pjetër Bogdani (1677–1689)
  • Daniel Duranti (1690 – resigned 29 July 1702)
  • Peter Karagić (1702–1728)
  • Mihael Summa (1728–1743)
  • Giovanni Battista Nicolovich Casasi (1743–1752)[4]
  • Thomas Tomicich (1753–1758)
  • Matija Mazarek (1758–1808)[9]
  • Matej Krasniqi (spelled as: Matthaeus Crasnich) † (8 March 1816 Appointed – 1829 Died)[10][11]
  • Pietro Sciali † (30 July 1833 Appointed – resigned 1839, d. 20 Aug 1854)
  • Gaspar Crasnich (24 Jun 1839 Appointed – ?)
  • Dario Bucciarelli, O.F.M. † (6 June 1864 Appointed – 1878 Died)
  • Fulgencije Carev (spelled as: Fulgenzio Czarev), O.F.M. † (28 March 1879 Appointed – 1 June 1888 Appointed, Archbishop (Personal Title) of Hvar (-Brač and Vis))
  • Andrea Logorezzi † (1888 Appointed – 1891 Died)
  • Pashkal Trokshi (spelled as: Pasquale Trosksi) † (10 January 1893 Appointed – 22 March 1908 Resigned)
  • Lazër Mjeda † (14 April 1909 Appointed – 19 October 1921 Appointed, Archbishop of Shkodra)
  • Janez Frančišek Gnidovec (spelled as: Giovanni Francesco Gnidovec), C.M. † (29 October 1924 Appointed – 1939 Died)
  • Smiljan Franjo Čekada † (18 August 1940 Appointed – 12 June 1967 Appointed, Coadjutor Archbishop of Vrhbosna {Sarajevo})
  • Joakim Herbut † (2 October 1969 Appointed – 15 April 2005 Died)
  • Marko Sopi † (Apostolic Administrator, 2 November 1995 Appointed – 24 May 2000 Appointed Apostolic Administrator of Prizren)
  • Kiro Stojanov (20 July 2005 Appointed – )

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Diocese of Skopje". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Archdiocese of Scopia". Wikisource. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  3. ^ Concordat between the Holy See and the Realm of Serbia in 1914
  4. ^ a b Gaetano Moroni (1853). Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da s. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. pp. 234–. 
  5. ^ Bahlcke, Joachim (2005). Ungarischer Episkopat und österreichische Monarchie: Von einer Partnerschaft zur Konfrontation(1686–1790). Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 104–105. ISBN 3515087648. Im Fall des Graner Domherm Hiacynth Macripodari etwa, den Ferdinand III. Im Juli 1645 zum Titularbischof von Skopje emannt hatte, kam es in Rom … Im Januar 1647 und im April 1649 emeuerte der Konig die Nomination auf Bitten und Drangen des griechischen Dominikaners, … Erst danach leitete Kardinal Girolamo Colonna den Informativprozeb fur Macripodari ein, der wenig spatter vom Heiligen Stuhl als Titularbichof von Skopje bestatigt und konsekriert wurde. 
  6. ^ Tóth, István György. Missions and Missionaries among the Csángó Hungarians in Moldova in the 17th Century (PDF). pp. 145–147. Dominican Giacinto Macripodari, future Bishop of Csanád, was one of the most interesting Dominican missionaries in Moldavia…He arrived in Vienna in the same year and King Ferdinand III nominated him, at the intercession of the envoy of Istanbul, the bishop of the Macedonian Skopje. …Many backed the plan of Macripodari to become Bishop of Bákó, including the vojvode himself. There were many Greeks among the boyars and the merchants of the court who, although they were Orthodox, got on well with a fellow Greek, the Chian Macripodari. 
  7. ^ Dominicans. Provincia romana (1942). Memorie domenicane, Volumes 59–63. Convento di S Maria Novella. p. 35. GIACINTO MACRIPODARI - Vescovo di Skoplje, nominato dal re d'Ungheria, 1645, luglio 29; confermato dalla SS. 1649, ott. 11- Vescovo di Csanàd, nominato dal re 1658, febbr. 27; confermato dalla SS. dopo il 2 maggio 1668. — Archivum FF. 
  8. ^ Hofmann, Georg (1934). Vescovadi cattolici della Grecia. Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum. p. 34. OCLC 403482. Nell’ Albania fu vescovo Giacinto Macripodari a SCOPIA (Uskub) 1649–1669. 
  9. ^ Zanella, Luana (2006). L'altra guerra del Kosovo: il patrimonio della cristianità serbo-ortodossa da salvare. Casadei Libri. p. 29. ISBN 978-88-89466-07-0. 
  10. ^ Pius Gams (1873). Series episcoporum ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro Apostolo. Manz. pp. 417–. 
  11. ^ Jašar Redžepagić (1970). Zhvillimi i arësimit dhe i sistemit shkollor të kombësisë shqiptare në teritorin e Jugosllavisë së sotme deri në vitin 1918. Enti i teksteve dhe i mjeteve mësimore i Krahinës Socialiste Autonome të Kosovës. p. 152.