Ronny Lee

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Ronny Lee
Ronny-Lee-headshot01.jpg
Background information
Birth name Ronald Leventhal
Born (1927-03-02)March 2, 1927
Bronx, New York, U.S.
Origin New York, New York, U.S.
Died April 22, 2015(2015-04-22) (aged 88)
New York, New York, U.S.
Occupation(s) Guitarist, teacher, writer
Years active 1943-2005, 1945–2015, 1964–2011
Associated acts Eydie Gorme, Fran Warren, New York Philharmonic
Website ronnylee.com

Ronny Lee (March 2, 1927 – April 22, 2015) was an American guitarist who was the author of music instruction publications, many of which are still sold throughout the world. He wrote popular, classical and rock guitar arrangements for numerous publishers, including Hansen Publications—for whom in 1964 Lee arranged the music from the Beatles’ "A Hard Day’s Night" for guitar, Williamson Music—for whom in 1966 Lee arranged "The Sound of Music : selection for guitar solo", Sam Fox Publishing Co.—for whom in 1966 Lee arranged "Guitar selections from Man of La Mancha", and Alfred Music. At the request of Mel Bay, Lee wrote what was widely regarded at the time as one of the best Jazz Guitar instruction books ever published, and his articles on all aspects of music and the business of making music appeared in trade and consumer publications, including Musical Merchandise Review, Piano Trades, and Music Trades. He conducted workshops and seminars for music teachers, and officiated as adjudicator at major music festivals.

A guitarist, teacher, writer and singer who was knowledgeable in all styles of music, Ronny Lee performed on thousands of engagements. These included club dates, jazz, rock and pop recording sessions, and frequent appearances at resort hotels in the Catskill Mountains, and the Asbury Park and Lakewood areas of New Jersey. He accompanied famous singers, including Eydie Gormé and Fran Warren.

In the late 1960s, Lee performed with the New York Philharmonic.

In 1962, Gretsch Guitars honored two players by naming guitars for them. One was Chet Atkins, and one was Ronny Lee.

Ronny Lee taught Guitar and Tenor Banjo in New York City for 70 years. He was a member of ASCAP.

Early years[edit]

Ronald Leventhal was born in the Bronx, New York on March 2, 1927. He was an only child, the son of Abraham Leventhal and Shirley Edelstein. At the age of twelve his aunt presented him with a guitar she had won in a raffle.[1]

Leventhal was educated at the William Taft High School.[2] At the age of fourteen his interest in music became quite strong, and he began to devote much more time to playing. His father, sensing his son's greatly increased interest, bought Ronald Leventhal a D'Angelico guitar.[1]

At sixteen—having adopted the professional name Ronny Lee (first name spelled with 'y', not 'ie', on the end)—he appeared as a featured soloist on local radio station WNEW's Bobby Sox Canteen Show.[3] As the show was being prepared to go on network radio, Lee turned eighteen and was drafted "shortly after his eighteenth birthday".[4]

Since that birthday was 2 March 1945, we can assume he would have arrived at a military camp by 1 April 1945. If Lee was drafted into the U. S. Army ground forces to serve as a rifleman—the most needed speciality,[5] he would then have received 17 weeks of training before being considered ready to report to a front-line unit.[6] By 1 August 1945 World War II had been over in Europe for nearly 3 months. After the first atomic bomb was successfully exploded at Alamogordo on 16 July, and even more after atomic bombs were dropped on Japan on 6 August and 9 August, it was obvious that a U. S. land invasion of the main islands of Japan would not be necessary.[7]

When Lee was discharged, he studied engineering—funded by the G. I. Bill[1]—at the RCA Institutes of Technology.[2] At the same time he played club dates and taught guitar to a limited number of students.[4]

Lee studied guitar privately with Shadow Ferber, Anthony Antone, John Sigelitto, Nicholas DeBonis, Hy White, Charles Ruoff, and Juan De la Mata—with whom he later wrote "Flamenco Guitar Method".[2][8]

Musician[edit]

At the end of his studies, Lee decided to become a professional musician. He worked with "society" orchestras, and filled out his daily schedule by teaching guitar students at their homes. He played at resort hotels in the Catskills and New Jersey during the summer months, often as a classical and jazz soloist or accompanying recording stars[3] There Lee acquired experience as a "pit musician"; he frequently read from violin and conductor parts while backing up vocal, dance, comedy, and novelty acts.[4]

From 1959 Lee began accepting dates for occasional recording sessions.[4] Over the years he accompanied such singers as Eydie Gormé and Fran Warren.[9]

Lee’s first appearance at Carnegie Hall was as guitar accompanist to the Pilar Gomez Spanish Ballet troupe in 1962.[10][11] In March 1968 Lee played in a Lincoln Center benefit concert for the New York Philharmonic Orchestra's Pension Fund, in a concert version of Oklahoma! featuring Howard Da Silva, who played Jud Fry in the original Broadway production. The performance was conducted by Skitch Henderson, with Richard Rodgers himself coming out to conduct the Encore.[12] In 1969, Lee played tenor banjo and guitar with the Philharmonic, under the direction of Andre Kostelanetz—with Veronica Tyler and Robert Mosley—performing excerpts from the Gershwins' Porgy and Bess.[13][14]

In 1962, Gretsch Guitars named 2 guitars for players: one for Chet Atkins, and one for Ronny Lee.[15] The Ronny Lee guitar[16] is now a rare and valuable guitar, coveted by collectors of fine guitars the world over.[17]

Teacher and technical expert[edit]

Lee opened his first guitar studio in November 1954. He created many original lessons for his students, thus beginning his writing career. Aided by his wife Frances—whom he married in 1957—he opened a larger midtown Manhattan studio and store in 1959 at 255 West 55th St., employing four guitar instructors.[1] Visitors to the studio included astronauts (as store customers) John Glenn and Scott Carpenter,[18] numerous show business personalities, and many of the nation’s leading guitarists.[4]

At Kingsborough Community College of the City University of New York, Lee taught Jazz alongside his colleagues Lee Konitz, famed jazz saxophonist, and guitarist Robert Spellman in the Music Division—directed by Morris Lang—of the Center for the Performing Arts.[19][20] He was appointed guitar editor of Guitar World Magazine, for which he also wrote the Guitar Book Review column.[4]

Lee’s repeatedly-expressed view was that "It is quite possible for the student to devote one half hour to one hour of adequate music practice each day and make adequate progress on his instrument."[21] He taught guitar teachers at a Louisville KY convention in 1964,[9] at a Pittsburgh PA sponsored workshop in the spring of 1968,[22] at a Des Plaines IL convention in July 1977,[23] and at a Cumberland MD sponsored workshop in June 1979.[24] Lee also officiated as an adjudicator at major music festivals.[25]

Using his engineering background, Lee invented an electronic "guitar conversion kit" that converted an electric guitar into a bass guitar in 5 seconds.[9] It was sold by Imperial Creations in New York for $12.50.[26] Lee studied further at New York University from 1969 to 1971.[2] From 1972 to at least 1983, Automated Learning Inc. in New Jersey was selling Lee’s cassette-recorder-based "programmed instruction" course "Instant Guitar".[27]

Lee was "recognized as an authority on the guitar", and was "often consulted by manufacturers on various technical aspects of guitars and guitar accessories";[28] a measure of his reputation for expertise is that he was able to sell this same article to another magazine.[29] In 1971 Buegeleisen and Jacobson took out an ad to publicize his endorsement of the Espana EL-240 electrical-acoustic bass for his students.[30]

Writer[edit]

For Hansen Publications in 1964, Lee arranged the music from the Beatles’ "A Hard Day’s Night" for guitar.[31][32] For Williamson Music in 1966, he arranged "The Sound of Music : selection for guitar solo".[33] Also in 1966, for Sam Fox Publishing Co. Lee arranged "Guitar selections from Man of La Mancha".[34] For Sam Fox Publishing Co. in 1972, he arranged "Magical Melodies: for guitar"——which included music and lyrics by Lerner and Loewe and John Denver.[35]

In the early 1960s Lee wrote more than 40 guitar instruction books for various publishers.[1] These included "Folk Strums for Guitar", "Beginner’s Chord Book", "Rock ’N’ Roll Guitar Book", and "Classic Guitar Book".[31] In 1964 Alfred Music called Lee "undoubtedly the 'hottest' writer of fretted instrument instruction books today. He specializes in 'instant best sellers' as it is not unusual to have pre-publication orders running in the thousands before his book is off the press."[36] In 1971 Alfred considered Lee's "Ronny Lee Guitar Method" so salable that it bought the back cover of a Musical Merchandise Review issue to advertise it.[37] By 1979 he had increased this to more than 80 guitar instruction books.[24] Alfred Music is still selling Lee's "Christmas Guitar Book"[38] and "Beginners's Chord Book".[39] However his "Twist Music for Guitar" and "Rhythm and Blues for Guitar", books of original compositions written for Sam Fox Publishing Co., are among those no longer in print.[40]

One of Lee's most-enduring books is his "Jazz Guitar Method", which he wrote for Mel Bay Publications as two volumes in 1962. Mel Bay is still selling "this highly acclaimed study of jazz rhythm chords and their application [that] contains extensive instruction on jazz chord accompaniment and chord substitution" as a single volume in paper and as an eBook as of 2015.[41]

By 1974 Lee had written two new series of thoroughly graded, easy to follow guitar instruction books: "The Ronny Lee Step by Step Guitar Method" in 6 volumes, and "The Ronny Lee Step by Step Chord Method for Guitar" in 4 volumes.[42] He retained or re-acquired the copyrights to these series and they are still being sold at his own website,[43][44] together with "Advanced Chord Playing for Guitar by Ronny Lee" in 2 volumes that he published in 1979-80.[45] The two principles that Lee followed in these series are that (1) note playing and chord playing should be taught separately—even if simultaneously, and that (2) step-by-step means that the student should never be obliged to make any mental leaps—as competing method books often do. He expanded the step-by-step principle with "Learn to Sing Step by Step",[46] which he published with two cassette tapes (now reissued as CDs) in 1984.

Later years[edit]

Because Lee became fully occupied with writing by 1964, he had to discontinue his studio.[1] He chose not to sell it because he did not wish to sell the right to use his name.[4] By 1971 he was teaching guitar and bass guitar students at his Midtown Manhattan home.[47] For some time after 1984, Lee visited Veterans Administration hospitals with Bedside Network Hospital Show Tours #9 "Sophisticated Misbehavin'", a five-person group of show business artists sponsored by ASCAP who interpreted the music of "Fats" Waller and "Duke" Ellington.[48] He published the guitar method "Learn How to Play Any Song by Ear"[49] in 2011—writing the text on his computer despite having developed macular degeneration. At age 85 in 2012, Lee recorded a performance[50] of Jobim's "The Girl from Ipanema" for Raf Moscatel's forthcoming film about Mary Small[51] —who had studied guitar with Lee when she was 50 (and he 45 in 1972) and became a friend. He died on 22 April 2015 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, a widower since 2005 who had chosen hospice care, and was cremated at his own request.[52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "This Month's Cover Picture: Ronny Lee". BMG. Vol. 65 no. 755. London: B.M.G. March 1968. p. 191. 
  2. ^ a b c d Leventhal, Ronald (Ronny Lee) (1980). ASCAP Biographical Dictionary (4th ed.). New York: R.R. Bowker Co. pp. 297–298. ISBN 0-8352-1283-1. 
  3. ^ a b Lee, Ronny. "How to Add Guitar to your Accordion Studio". Accordion and Guitar World (November 1958). Bedford Hills NY: Gerstner Publications. p. 30, author box not written by RL. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Ronny Lee". Accordion and Guitar World (February 1966). Bedford Hills NY: Gerstner Publications. p. 14. 
  5. ^ Atkinson, Rick. "8". The Guns at Last Light. New York: Henry Holt & Co. p. 409. ISBN 978-0-8050-6290-8. The severest shortage was of that priceless creature known as a "745", the rifleman, so called for his military occupational specialty number. 
  6. ^ Daugherty III, Ph.D., Leo (22 July 2015). "'Unpreparing for War': U.S. Army Combat Training Doctrine 1945 – 1950" (PDF). U.S. Army Center of Military History. U.S. Army. pp. 3–4, unpaginated. Retrieved 14 October 2015. Hence, it became necessary for the Army Ground Fores [sic], which had sole responsibility for the training of replacements, to adopt a seventeen - week training program whereby a Soldier would learn not only basic individual skills but also unit or small unit training .... 
  7. ^ Rhodes, Richard. "17, 19". The Making of the Atomic Bomb (Paperback ed.). New York: Touchstone. pp. 656, 736. ISBN 0-684-81378-5. ... a successful test would change the Pacific equation; they might not need a Soviet invasion of Manchuria to challenge the Japanese ... When the bomb dropped and news began to circulate that [the invasion of Japan] would not, after all, take place, that we would not be obliged to run up the beaches near Tokyo assault-firing ... 
  8. ^ Lee, Ronny; De la Mata, Juan. Flamenco guitar method. OCLC 471713348. 
  9. ^ a b c "Ronny Lee Guitar Clinic at Guild Convention". Accordion and Guitar World (July 1964). Bedford Hills NY: Gerstner Publications. p. 4. 
  10. ^ "Playing Without Music". Guild-O-Gram Associate News (Vol. 10 No. 6). Zanesville OH: American Guild of Music. June 1964. p. 33, unpaginated. 
  11. ^ Date-labeled photo from unidentified NYC Spanish-language newspaper.
  12. ^ "A Guitar In the Philharmonic". Guitar Player (Vol. 2, No. 3). San Jose CA: Eastman Publications. June 1967. p. 40. 
  13. ^ "Ronny Lee Performs With New York Philharmonic". The Music Trades (June 1973). Englewood NJ: The Music Trades Corporation. p. 38. 
  14. ^ "1969 Jun 03 / Promenade / Kostelanetz". New York Philharmonic Digital Archives. Jun 3, 1969. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  15. ^ Scott, Jay (1992). "The Ronny Lee Model". The Guitars of the Fred Gretsch Company. Fullerton CA: Centerstream Publishing. p. 222. ISBN 0-931759-50-1. 
  16. ^ Osbourne, Nigel (1962). "Studio still life of a 1962 Gretsch Ronny Lee guitar with Bigsby Vibrato, photographed in the United Kingdom". Getty Images. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Duchossoir, A. R. (1999). "Neo-Classic Fingerboard; Electrotone Body". Guitar Identification 3rd Edition. Milwaukee: Hal Leonard Corp. pp. 39, 42. ISBN 0-634-00672-X. 
  18. ^ Wallace, Ed (November 5, 1963). "All This Strummin' and a Hummin'". New York World Telegram & Sun. New York: Scripps-Howard. p. 17, Section 2. 
  19. ^ Kleiner, Sid (June 1971). "Classic Guitar Method by Ronny Lee". P T M Magazine (Vol. 68, no.6). Chicago: Piano Trade Publishing. p. unpaginated. ISSN 0030-8358. 
  20. ^ Lang, Morris (Fall 1973). "Orchestra/Symphonic Band: Faculty". Kingsborough Community College of CUNY Ctr. for the Performing Arts. Brooklyn NY: Kingsborough Community College, CUNY. p. 5. 
  21. ^ Lee, Ronny (September 1964). "Musical Old Wives' Tales". Guild-O-Gram Associate News (Vol. 10 No. 9). Zanesville OH: American Guild of Music. p. 8, unpaginated. 
  22. ^ "Publisher Sponsored Guitar Teachers Workshop Meets With Success". Fretts (1968 Vol. 2). Santa Ana CA: Randall Publishing Co. p. 20. 
  23. ^ "About Our Cover". Convention July 18–21 Souvenir Program. Zanesville OH: American Guild of Music. July 1977. p. 16. 
  24. ^ a b "At Guitar Teachers' Seminar". Cumberland Times/News. Cumberland MD: Cumberland Times/News. May 19, 1979. p. 2-A. 
  25. ^ The Third Annual Championship Contests in Accordian and Guitar. Pittsburgh: Allegheny Accordian and Guitar Festival Assoc. July 1963. p. 3. 
  26. ^ "Guitarists: Get this new invention". International Musician. Syracuse NY: American Federation of Musicians. May 1965. p. 10. 
  27. ^ Lee, Ronny (1972). Instant Guitar. Fairfield NJ: Automated Learning, Inc. Educ. Technology Div. OCLC 3570564. 
  28. ^ Lee, Ronny (December 1964). "Strings". Guild-O-Gram Associate News (Vol. 10 No. 12). Zanesville OH: American Guild of Music. p. 12, unpaginated, author box not written by RL. 
  29. ^ Lee, Ronny (May 1965). "Guitar Authority Describes Differences Among Strings". Musical Merchandise Review (Vol. 124 No. 5). New York: Select Publications, Inc. pp. 26–27, 53–54. 
  30. ^ "Bass Guitar". Musical Electronics (Vol. 4 No. 4). New York: Sound Publishing Co. July–August 1971. p. 1. 
  31. ^ a b "Arranging for Guitar". Guitar Life and Folk World (Dollar Line No. 188). New York: Guitar Life, Inc. Summer 1964. p. 15. 
  32. ^ Lee, Ronny, ed. (1964). The Beatles "A Hard Day's Night" Guitar Book. Miami Beach: Hansen Publications, Inc. 
  33. ^ Lee, Ronny; Richard Rodgers; Oscar Hammerstein, II (1966). The Sound of Music : selection for guitar solo. Melville NY: Williamson Music. OCLC 58674017. 
  34. ^ Lee, Ronny; Leigh, Mitch; Darion, Joe (1966). Guitar selections from Man of La Mancha. New York: Sam Fox. OCLC 40572016. 
  35. ^ Lee, Ronny (1972). Magical melodies : for guitar. New York: Sam Fox Publishing Co. 
  36. ^ Guitar Music from Alfred. New York: Alfred Music Co., Inc. 1964. p. 2, unpaginated. 
  37. ^ "The Ronny Lee Guitar Method". Musical Merchandise Review (Vol. 125, no.9). New York: Select Publications Inc. September 1966. p. back cover. 
  38. ^ Lee, Ronny (1963). The Ronny Lee Christmas Guitar Book. New York: Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739023563. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  39. ^ Lee, Ronny (1966). The Ronny Lee Beginner's Chord Book. New York: Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739008386. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  40. ^ Publications for Guitar by Ronny Lee. New York: Sam Fox Music Sales Corp,. 1962. 
  41. ^ "Jazz Guitar Method (Book) by Ronny Lee". Pacific MO: Mel Bay Publications, Inc. Retrieved 2015-10-07. 
  42. ^ "About Our Cover". Associate News (Vol. 19, No. 2). Zanesville OH: American Guild of Music. October–November 1973. p. 1, unpaginated. 
  43. ^ Lee, Ronny (1974–1977). The Ronny Lee Step by Step Guitar Method. New York: Ronny Lee Publications, LLC. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  44. ^ Lee, Ronny (1974–1977). The Ronny Lee Step by Step Chord Method for Guitar. New York: Ronny Lee Publications, LLC. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  45. ^ Lee, Ronny (1979–1980). Advanced Chord Playing for Guitar by Ronny Lee. New York: Ronny Lee Publications, LLC. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  46. ^ Lee, Ronny (1984). Learn to Sing Step by Step by Ronny Lee. New York: Ronny Lee Publications, LLC. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  47. ^ "Ronnie Lee Endorses Espana El-240 Bass". The Music Trades. Music Trades Magazine. August 1971. p. 76. has introduced it to many of his students 
  48. ^ Sophisticated Misbehavin'. Mt. Vernon NY: Veterans Bedside Network. 1985–2001. p. 3, unpaginated. 
  49. ^ Lee, Ronny (2011). For Guitar Players Only: Learn How to Play Any Song by Ear. New York: Ronny Lee Publications, LLC. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  50. ^ Lee, Ronny (May 2012). "Girl from Ipanema - Ronny Lee, celebrated author of over 100 guitar instruction books". YouTube. Ronny Lee's apartment: YouTube. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  51. ^ Rafael Moscatel. "RIP Ronny Lee..." The Little Girl with the Big Voice. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  52. ^ Leventhal, Ronald (22 April 2015). "156-15-017798". Certificate of Death. New York: City of New York Dept. of Health & Mental Hygiene.