|Headquarters||Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Parent state||Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea|
Room 39 (officially Central Committee Bureau 39 of the Korean Workers Party, also referred to as Bureau 39, Division 39, or Office 39) is a secretive North Korean government organization that seeks ways to maintain the foreign currency slush fund for the country's leaders, initially Kim Il-Sung, then, in progression, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un.
The organization is estimated to bring in between $500 million and $1 billion per year or more and may be involved in illegal activities, such as counterfeiting $100 bills (see Superdollar), producing controlled substances (including the synthesis of methamphetamine and the conversion of morphine-containing opium into pure opiates like heroin), and international insurance fraud.
Although the seclusion of the North Korean state makes it difficult to evaluate this kind of information, many claim that Room 39 is critical to Kim Jong-un's continued power, enabling him to buy political support and help fund North Korea's nuclear weapons program.
Room 39 was established by Kim Il-Sung in the late 1970s. It has been described as the lynchpin of the North's so-called "court economy" centered on the dynastic Kim family. The origin of Room 39's name remains unknown.
Purpose and activities
Given the organization's secretive nature, very little is known about Room 39, but it is widely speculated that the organization uses 10 to 20 bank accounts in China and Switzerland for the purposes of counterfeiting, money laundering, and other illicit financial activities. It is also alleged that Room 39 is involved in drug smuggling and black market weapons sales. It is known, however, that the organization has 120 foreign trade companies under its jurisdiction and is under the direct control of Kim Jong-un. North Korea has denied taking part in any illegal activities. Room 39 is also involved in the management of foreign currency earnings from foreigners' hotels in Pyongyang, gold and zinc mining, and agricultural and fisheries exports. Companies believed to be controlled by Room 39 include Zokwang Trading and Taesong Bank.
A 2007 report published by the Millennium Project of the World Federation of United Nations Associations said North Korea makes an estimated $500 million to $1 billion annually from criminal enterprises.
In 2009, a Washington Post report outlined a global insurance fraud scheme by the North Korean government. The state-owned Korea National Insurance Corp sought reinsurance contracts with international reinsurers and then submitted fraudulent claims; the contracts were governed by North Korean law and legal challenges were fruitless.
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