Round Top, Texas

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Round Top, Texas
Town
Restored drug store of Edward Henkel, the town's first mayor
Restored drug store of Edward Henkel, the town's first mayor
Motto: "Artful Escape"
Location of Round Top, Texas
Location of Round Top, Texas
Fayette County RoundTop.svg
Coordinates: 30°3′54″N 96°41′48″W / 30.06500°N 96.69667°W / 30.06500; -96.69667Coordinates: 30°3′54″N 96°41′48″W / 30.06500°N 96.69667°W / 30.06500; -96.69667
Country United States
State Texas
County Fayette
Area
 • Total 0.95 sq mi (2.47 km2)
 • Land 0.95 sq mi (2.47 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 440 ft (134 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 90
 • Density 94/sq mi (36.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78954, 78961
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-63524[1]
GNIS feature ID 1380945[2]

Round Top is a town in Fayette County, Texas, United States. The population was 90 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

As a part of the Stephen F. Austin colony, James Winn acquired 4,428 acres (17.9 km2; 6.9 sq mi) in 1831; the present townsite was included in this tract. The community was originally known as "Townsend", after early settler Nathaniel Townsend (whose original house still exists as the Texana Lodge). Later the town was renamed "Round Top", since the postmaster lived in a house with a round tower.[4] Portions of Nassau Plantation were purchased by the Adelsverein, and settlement by German immigrants began 1845 to 1847; these settlers began buying up the local farms and the town lots.

Joel Walter Robison, a fighter in the Texas Revolution and later a member of the Texas House of Representatives from Fayette County, was originally buried at the Florida Chapel Cemetery near Round Top but was re-interred in 1932 in the Texas State Cemetery in Austin.[5]

The Bethlehem Lutheran Church is the oldest active Lutheran church in Fayette County. Round Top is the smallest incorporated town in Texas with a full service public library, the Round Top Family Library; and the smallest incorporated town in Texas with a local historic district, land use and architectural controls.[6]

Geography[edit]

Round Top is located in northeastern Fayette County at 30°3′54″N 96°41′48″W / 30.06500°N 96.69667°W / 30.06500; -96.69667 (30.065060, -96.696614).[7] It sits on a hill between Cummins Creek to the southwest and Rocky Creek to the east, tributaries of the Colorado River. The elevation in the center of Round Top is 439 feet (134 m) above sea level. Texas State Highway 237 passes through the center of town, leading northeast 22 miles (35 km) to Brenham and southwest 16 miles (26 km) to La Grange, the Fayette County seat.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Round Top has a total area of 0.97 square miles (2.5 km2), all of it land.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 238
1900 169 −29.0%
1910 186 10.1%
1920 150 −19.4%
1930 132 −12.0%
1940 120 −9.1%
1950 126 5.0%
1960 124 −1.6%
1970 94 −24.2%
1980 87 −7.4%
1990 81 −6.9%
2000 77 −4.9%
2010 90 16.9%
Est. 2016 93 [8] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 90 people, 43 households, and 22 families residing in the town. The population density was 80.6 people per square mile (31.0/km²). There were 58 housing units at an average density of 60.7 per square mile (23.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.70% White, 1.30% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.19% of the population.

There were 43 households out of which 9.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.8% were non-families. 44.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 37.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.79 and the average family size was 2.41.

In the town, the population was spread out with 10.4% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 25 to 44, 37.7% from 45 to 64, and 40.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58 years. For every 100 females there were 57.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,125, and the median income for a family was $50,625. Males had a median income of $42,500 versus $41,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,488. There were no families and 4.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 6.1% of those over 64.

Arts and culture[edit]

Round Top, Texas: Festival Hill Concert Hall

Round Top is the home of three visitor-drawing programs:

Round Top is the home of the oldest building in Fayette County, Moore's Fort, which was moved there from nearby La Grange.

Education[edit]

The town is served by the Round Top-Carmine Independent School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Round Top town, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 25, 2016. 
  4. ^ Rotsch, Melvin (June 1972). "Bethlehem Lutheran Church, White Street, Round Top, Fayette County, TX" (data pages). Historic American Buildings Survey. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  5. ^ "Robison, Joel Walter". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  6. ^ Town of Round Top
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "The Original Round Top Antiques Fair". The Original Round Top Antiques Fair. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 

External links[edit]