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Roza Mira (Full title in Russian: Роза Мира. Метафилософия истории, literally, The Rose of the World. The Metaphilosophy of History.) is the title of the main book by Russian mystic Daniil Andreev. It is also the name of the predicted new universal religion, to emerge and unite all people of the world before the advent of the Antichrist, described by Andreev in his book. This new interreligion, as he calls it, should unite the existing religions "like a flower unites its petals", Andreev wrote.
According to Roza Mira, different religions do not contradict each other, because they tell about different aspects of spiritual reality, or about the same things in different words. Daniil Andreyev compares different major religions to different paths leading to one and the same mountain peak (which he uses as a metaphor for God). Andreyev names five world religions: Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. Andreyev believes in the Trinity of God, but regards the third hypostasis not as the Holy Spirit, but as the Eternal Feminine.
Andreyev agrees with the Christian dogma that portrays Jesus Christ as the Son of God who came to our world to help it on its way to the Light. However, Andreyev states that the murder of Jesus wasn't planned as a part of Redemption, but that the Devil inspired it to hinder God's plans. Though strongly rooted, psychologically and emotionally, in the Russian Orthodox Church, Andreev also believed in reincarnation and karma, so that his personal faith, as expressed in Roza Mira, represents something of an amalgamation of Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism. (On his deathbed, Andreev was shocked to find that the attending Orthodox priest refused him the last rites; the priest knew that the dying man believed in reincarnation, and so did not consider him a Christian.)
In large part, Roza Mira comprises a spiritual cosmography, a description of the domains which human souls occupy after death or between incarnations—domains resembling, to greater or lesser degrees, the heavens, hells, purgatories, and netherworlds of various religions and mythological systems. One can accordingly compare it to works like the Bardo Thodol (the Tibetan Book of the Dead) and the Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri (as well as modern expressions of the same visionary tradition, like The Urantia Book). As a 20th-century entrant in this subgenre, Roza Mira extends its purview beyond the terrestrial Earth to other planets, solar systems, and galaxies. Andreev portrays these domains as inhabited by types of beings recognizable from world religions and mythologies—angels, archangels, demons, daemons, titans, nature spirits or "elementals"—and also by creatures that Andreev called igvas, raruggs, and witzraors, among others. The venues include Atlantis and Gondwana, plus places Andreev called by the names Olirna, Digm, Mudgabr, Fongaranda and others. He portrayed the Earth (Enrof) as the center of a complex structure (bramfatura) of 242 "variomaterial planes". Similar structures allegedly abound in the known universe, so that Andreev's cosmos comes to resemble the "niutas of kotis of Buddha countries" (i.e. tens of millions of alternative realms) described in the Buddhist sūtras.
- Gagtungr. The devil's name, or, more exactly, the name of the Earth's local devil, who is subject to the similar and more powerful being of the Galaxy.
- Witzraor. The huge squid-like daemon living from inside the Earth's shell in the parallel spiritual world which represents the state or the empire. The real-world (Enrof) wars are reflected on the "thin layer" as the fight of Witzraors. Wiztraors procreate by cloning, and the successful descendant must eat the heart of his father, which corresponds to revolution in Enrof. The word itself is not Russian at all, and is more like a coined English-like word.
- Zventa-Sventana. Future good-side female supreme goddess which will be born in one of the heaven regions (and the devil wants to hinder this). The name is the coined Balto-Slavic word, similar to "Sventovit" (ancient Slavic deity) and "Svetlana" (popular modern Russian female name with the meaning of "lighty").
- Zatomis is a region of the heaven, which corresponds to the particular religion-based civilization in the real world. The zatomis which corresponds to the Western civilization is called "Monsalvat".
- Voglea is a female daemon of lust and all kinds of degradation and destructive behaviour, associated with the Moon. Probably some reminiscence of Lilith who is also considered the female daemon of lust in Hebrew tradition. On the other side, Astarte is mentioned in the book as a good-side female spirit, which founded the "thin layer" foundation of the Assyro-Babylonian civilization by descending to hell and defeating the hell's spirit in the fight (the plot of the Ugaritian "Song of Baal", though the deity is called Anath there).
- Several layers of heaven are depicted, as also several layers of hell and several layers of the human soul. The dead souls of the sinners are stripped down to one of their "soul core" layers and then sunk to some layer of hell, both corresponding to the severity of their sins. The very core of the soul called "monade" cannot be created by the devil, neither can be spoiled by him (but can be hold in captivity). The innermost layer of hell was inhabited by only a single dweller – Judas. According to Andreev, Judas's action in the New Testament was a planned murder of the God, not just the deed of greed to earn 30 shekels.
- Civilizations of the real history should have a "thin layer" background, with several major spiritual figures present - the "mother of the nation" called "carossa" and the witzraor. The historical events of founding the empire are represented by the carossa giving birth to witzraor in the "thin layer".
- Egregor represents the shining cloud-like spirit associated with a church or a nation.
Relation to Russian history
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Andreev describes in detail both past and future history of the world (and Russia in particular) from his metaphysical point of view.
- Reconstruction of the Moscow duchy by the prince Dmitry Donskoy, which restored the Russian state after the Mongol invasion, is depicted as the birth of the Russian witzraor.
- The Time of Troubles in the early 17th century is depicted as the birth of the new witzraor who killed the previous one; so is the Russian revolution of 1917.
- The conspirologial legend of "Elder Fyodor Kuzmich" is cited in this book (though not invented by Andreev). According to this legend, the Russian king Alexander I did not die in Taganrog, but instead left his crown and the status of monarch to continue his life as a travelling hermit.
- Joseph Stalin is depicted as an infernal person, destined to reincarnate as the Antichrist.
- Daniil Andreev. The Rose of the World. Lindisfarne Books, USA, 1997. ISBN 0-940262-83-5