Rub el Hizb

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Rub El Hizb

The Rub el Hizb (Arabic: ربع الحزبrubʿ al-ḥizb) is an Islamic symbol, represented as two overlapping squares, which is found on a number of emblems and flags. In Arabic, Rubʻ means "one fourth, quarter", while Hizb means a group or party. Initially, it was used in the Quran, which is divided into 60 Hizb (60 groups of roughly equal length); the symbol determines every quarter of Hizb, while the Hizb is one half of a juz'. The main purpose of this dividing system is to facilitate recitation of the Qur'an.

The symbol is used as a marker for the end of a chapter in Arabic calligraphy. It is represented by two overlapping squares as in the Unicode glyph ۞ at U+06DE.


Development of the Petronas Towers Tower 1 level 43 floor plan from a Rub el Hizb symbol.[1]

The Rub el Hizb can be seen on:

The cross-sections of the Petronas Twin Towers are based on the Rub el Hizb, but with extra circular sectors (outlined in red in the image on the right) added to increase the total floor space.

Al-Quds star[edit]

Basic al-Quds star

The al-Quds star (in Arabic نجمة القدس, najmat al-Quds) is an adaptation of the Islamic Rub el Hizb symbol which is specifically associated with Jerusalem, Palestine.

The eight-pointed star design is inspired by the octagonal ground-plan of the Umayyad Dome of the Rock shrine (built to commemorate Jerusalem's status as the first Qibla or direction of prayer in Islam), as well as by the standard Rub el Hizb symbol.[citation needed]

Versions of the al-Quds Star are used as:

See also[edit]


External links[edit]