Rubus parvifolius

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Rubus parvifolius
Rubus parvifolius fruit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Species: R. parvifolius
Binomial name
Rubus parvifolius
L. 1753 not Moon 1824 nor Sm. 1815 nor Raf. 1833 nor Walter 1788
Synonyms[1]
  • Rubus hoatiensis H.Lév.
  • Rubus parviflorus Christm. 1788 not Nutt. 1818
  • Rubus schizostylus H.Lév.
  • Rubus taquetii H.Lév.
  • Rubus thunbergii Blume

Rubus parvifolius, called Japanese bramble, or Australian raspberry in the United States[2] or native raspberry in Australia[3] is a species of plants in the rose family. It is a scrambling shrub native to eastern Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam) and Australia.[4][5][3] It has also become naturalized in a few scattered locations in the United States.[6]

Rubus parvifolius is a shrub up to 2 meters tall with arching branches armed with curved prickles. Young stems are finely pubescent, becoming hairless with age. The leaves are pinnate with 3 to 5 toothed leaflets. Flowers are numerous, in clumps at the end of stems, and have red or pink petals. The red fruit is 1 cm wide.[5][7]

Uses[edit]

The red fruit is pleasantly flavored and can be eaten raw or used in sauces and jams. The dried fruit are used in traditional Chinese medicine.[8] It has shown hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities in studies on mice.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Flora of North America, Rubus parvifolius Linnaeus, 1753. Japanese bramble, Australian raspberry or bramble
  3. ^ a b Atlas of Living Australia
  4. ^ USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 16 May 2015 
  5. ^ a b Flora of China, Rubus parvifolius Linnaeus, 1753. 茅莓 mao mei
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  7. ^ PlantNET, Rubus parvifolius plant profile
  8. ^ Cuizhi Gu; Chaoluan Li; Lingdi Lu; Shunyuan Jiang; Crinan Alexander; Bruce Bartholomew; Anthony R. Brach; David E. Boufford; Hiroshi Ikeda; Hideaki Ohba; Kenneth R. Robertson & Steven A. Spongberg (2003), "Rubus parvifolius", Flora of China online, 9, retrieved 16 May 2015 
  9. ^ Gao J, Sun CR, Yang JH, Shi JM, Du YG, Zhang YY, Li JH, Wan HT.,"Evaluation of the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of Rubus parvifolius L." J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2011 Feb;12(2):135-42

External links[edit]