Walden's hornbill

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Walden's hornbill
Writhed-billed Hornbill (Bentley).jpg
male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Bucerotiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
Genus: Aceros
Species: A. waldeni
Binomial name
Aceros waldeni
Sharpe, 1877
Synonyms

Aceros leucocephalus waldeni

The Walden's hornbill (Aceros waldeni) locally called dulungan, also known as the Visayan wrinkled hornbill, rufous-headed hornbill or writhed-billed hornbill, is a critically endangered species of hornbill living in the rainforests on the islands of Negros and Panay in the Philippines. It is closely related to the writhed hornbill, but can be recognized by the yellow throat and ocular skin in the male, and the blue throat and ocular skin in the female (both throat and ocular skin are deep orange or red in both sexes of the writhed hornbill). Its binomial name commemorates the Scottish ornithologist Viscount Walden.

Habitat and behaviour[edit]

Male carrying a small fruit. As most other hornbills, this species is primarily a frugivore.

Rainforests with abundant fruit-bearing trees are the natural habitat of these birds. The Walden's hornbills live in small groups and are noisy. The Walden's hornbills use natural or carved-out hollows in tree trunks for its nest. As other hornbills, they reproduce very slowly. As lack of appropriate nesting sites is a problem, nest boxes are being attached to tree trunks in certain reserves.

Status[edit]

This is a critically endangered species. Walden's hornbill reproduce very slowly and thus are unable to survive high hunting pressures coupled with heavy logging of the rainforests. It is presumed extinct on Guimaras and now survives only on Negros and Panay. The total population has been estimated at less than 160, though recent work from the Central Panay Mountain Range suggests 600-700 pairs may remain there. No recent figures are available for Negros, where it may be functionally extinct.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Aceros waldeni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Rufous-headed Hornbill. BirdLife International. Accessed 2008-10-08.