Rump state

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A rump state is the remnant of a once much larger state, left with a reduced territory in the wake of secession, annexation, occupation, decolonization, or a successful coup d'état or revolution on part of its former territory.[1] In the latter case, a government stops short of going into exile because it still controls part of its former territory. For example, after the Qing Empire assumed control over most of China, the previous Ming Empire turned to resistance in the south as a rump state until its eventual conquest.


Ancient history[edit]

Early ancient history[edit]

Late ancient history[edit]

Modern history[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tir, J.: Keeping the Peace After Secessions: Territorial Conflicts Between Rump and Secessionist States. Paper presented 2005-2-22 at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii Online. Retrieved 2014 Oct 26.
  2. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: 1 Kings 12:1-25 - New International Version". Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: 2 Chronicles 12-14 - New International Version". Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Ancient Egypt: The Assyrian Conquest". Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  5. ^ John C. Swanson (2017). Tangible Belonging: Negotiating Germanness in Twentieth-Century Hungary. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 80. ISBN 9780822981992.
  6. ^ Tir, Jaroslav (2006). Redrawing the Map to Promote Peace: Territorial Dispute Management Via Territorial Changes. Lexington Books. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-7391-1286-1. in addition to the creation of the rump state (e.g. Russia)
  7. ^ a b Sudetic, Chuck (1991-10-24), "Top Serb Leaders Back Proposal To Form Separate Yugoslav State", New York Times, retrieved 2018-03-07.
  8. ^ Krasner, Stephen D. (2001). Problematic Sovereignty: Contested Rules and Political Possibilities. Columbia University Press. p. 148. For some time the Truman administration had been hoping to distance itself from the rump state on Taiwan and to establish at least a minimal relationship with the newly founded PRC.
  9. ^ "TIMELINE: Milestones in China-Taiwan relations since 1949". Reuters. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2015. 1949: Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists lose civil war to Mao Zedong's Communist forces, sets up government-in-exile on Taiwan.