A rump state is the remnant of a once-larger state, left with a reduced territory in the wake of secession, annexation, irredentism, occupation, decolonization, or a successful coup d’état or revolution on part of its former territory. In the latter case, a government stops short of going into exile because it still controls part of its former territory. For example, after the Qing government assumed control over most of China, the previous Ming regime turned to resistance in the south until its eventual conquest.
- Tir, J.: Keeping the Peace After Secessions: Territorial Conflicts Between Rump and Secessionist States. Paper presented 2005-2-22 at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii Online. Retrieved 2014 Oct 26.