A rump state is the remnant of a once-larger state, left with a reduced territory in the wake of secession, annexation, irredentism, occupation, decolonization, or a successful coup d’état or revolution on part of its former territory. In the latter case, a government stops short of going in exile because it still controls part of its former territory.
- Tir, J.: Keeping the Peace After Secessions: Territorial Conflicts Between Rump and Secessionist States. Paper presented 2005-2-22 at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii Online. Retrieved 2014 Oct 26.