Sándor Garbai

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Sándor Garbai
Garbai Sándor (1919) (cropped).jpg
Sándor Garbai on the 19 March 1919
Chairman of the Hungarian Central Executive Council
In office
21 March 1919 – 1 August 1919
Preceded by Mihály Károlyi
Succeeded by Gyula Peidl
Personal details
Born (1879-03-27)27 March 1879
Kiskunhalas, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary
Died 7 November 1947(1947-11-07) (aged 68)
Paris, France
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Hungarian Social Democratic Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist and Communist Party
Spouse(s) Zsófia Pötördi
Profession politician

Sándor Garbai (27 March 1879 – 7 November 1947) was a Hungarian socialist politician.

Political career[edit]

He came to power as both prime minister and de facto president in March 1919 in alliance with the Communists, and proclaimed a Soviet Republic. Although Garbai remained titular head of the Hungarian Soviet Republic for most of its length, practical authority was in the hands of Communist foreign minister Béla Kun.

Bust of Garbai

Mátyás Rákosi later joked that the revolution's Jewish leaders took the gentile Garbai in so that they would have somebody to sign the death sentences on Shabbat.[1]


  1. ^ Jerry Z. Muller, Capitalism and the Jews, Princeton University Press, 2010, page 153
Political offices
Preceded by
Mihály Károlyi
as Provisional President
Chairman of the Hungarian Central Executive Council
Succeeded by
Gyula Peidl
as Prime Minister
Preceded by
Dénes Berinkey
as Prime Minister
Preceded by
József Pogány
Minister of Religion and Education
Succeeded by
Sándor Imre