SS Blairspey

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SS Blairspey
SS Blairspey.jpg
Career (UK, Lebanon)
Name: SS Blairspey (1929–42, 1942–61)
Owner:

Northern Navigation Co Ltd (1929–42)[1]

Ministry of War Transport (1942–46)
Operator: George Nisbet & Co, Glasgow[1] (1929–61)
Port of registry:

United Kingdom Glasgow (1929–61)

Lebanon (1961–67)
Builder: Ardrossan Dry Dock & Shipbuilding Co Ltd, Ardrossan[1]
Yard number: 344
Launched: 5 September 1929
Completed: October 1929
Renamed: Empire Spey in 1942
Blairspey in 1946
Evandros in 1961
Identification:

UK official number 161892[1]
code letters LFBD (until 1933)[2]
ICS Lima.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS Bravo.svgICS Delta.svg
call sign GNZD (1934–61)[3]

ICS Golf.svgICS November.svgICS Zulu.svgICS Delta.svg
Fate: scrapped May 1967
General characteristics
Type: Cargo steamship
Tonnage: 1929–40: 4,155 GRT[1]
tonnage under deck 3,690[1]
2,522 NRT[1]
1942–67: 4,292 GRT[4]
tonnage under deck 3,690[4]
2,551 NRT[4]
Length: 371.8 feet (113.3 m)[1]
Beam: 51.2 feet (15.6 m)[1]
Depth: 24.3 feet (7.4 m)[1]
Installed power: 257 NHP[1]
Propulsion: triple-expansion steam engine;
single screw[1]
Crew: 34[5]

SS Blairspey was a steam cargo ship that was built in Scotland in 1929 and served in the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War. In 1940 she survived being part of Convoy SC-7 and managed to reach port, despite being hit by at least three torpedoes from two different U-boats.[5] The ship was rebuilt with a new bow and renamed Empire Spey 1942. Her original name was restored in 1946. She was renamed Evandros 1961 and scrapped in Italy in 1967.

Building[edit]

Blairspey was built by the Ardrossan Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Co Ltd of Ardrossan, Ayrshire, Scotland.[1] She was launched on 5 September 1929 and completed in October 1929.[citation needed] She was powered by a three-cylinder triple-expansion steam engine rated at 257 NHP.[1]

Blairspey was built her Northern Navigation Co Ltd, who registered her in Glasgow and appointed George Nisbet and Company to manage her.[5]

Convoy SC-7[edit]

In October 1940 she loaded timber at Rimouski, Quebec and sailed to Sydney, Nova Scotia, where she joined Convoy SC-7 bound for Liverpool. Blairspey‍ '​s cargo was bound for Grangemouth[5] on the Firth of Forth, Scotland. On 5 October the convoy left Sydney,[6] initially with only one escort ship, the Hastings-class sloop HMS Scarborough. On 16 October a wolf pack of U-boats found the convoy and quickly overwhelmed it, sinking many ships over the next few days.

At 2308 hours on 18 October U-101 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Fritz Frauenheim attacked the convoy east-northeast of Rockall. He fired a number of torpedoes and claimed to have sunk two 9,500 ton ships, and damaged a third which he estimated at 6,000 tons.[5] Allied records show that only the Blairspey had been hit, and she had survived at least one and possibly two torpedoes. Heavily damaged but still afloat she began to fall behind the convoy. At 0250 hours on 19 October by U-100 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Joachim Schepke sighted Blairspey and hit her with another two torpedoes.[5] Her cargo of timber kept her afloat, despite a badly damaged bow. She was taken in tow and eventually managed to reach Scotland. She was beached in the Clyde on 25 October.[7]

Repair and later career[edit]

The Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) had Blairspey repaired. Lithgows of Port Glasgow built her a new bow, which was launched on 16 February 1942. The damaged section was removed during periods in the Garvel Drydock, Greenock, and the stern and new fore part were joined together in the same drydock between 17 February 1942 and 19 March 1942.[7] The rebuild increased the ship's gross register tonnage by 137 tons and her net register tonnage by 29 tons.[4] The MoWT took her over, renamed her Empire Spey, and appointed George Nisbet and Company to continue to manage her.[4]

Empire Spey served in three more transatlantic convoys from Sydney to Liverpool. In May and June 1942 carrying a cargo of steel and timber she sailed in Convoy SC-85.[8] In November and December 1942 she carried another cargo of steel and timber and sailed in Convoy SC-110.[9] In April 1943 she carried steel and general cargo and sailed in Convoy SC-126.[10]

In 1946 the MoWT returned the ship to her owners, who restored her original name. They sold her on, and she spent several years as a tramp steamer.[7] By 1961 she was owned by a number of London-based Greeks, who had renamed her Evandros and registered her in Lebanon. In May 1967 she was scrapped in La Spezia, Italy.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Lloyd's Register, Steamers and Motorships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1940. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Lloyd's Register, Steamers and Motorships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1933. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Lloyd's Register, Steamers and Motorships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1934. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Lloyd's Register, Steamers and Motorships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1945. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Helgason, Guðmundur (1995–2013). "Blairspey". Ships hit by U-boats. Guðmundur Helgason. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Hague, Arnold. "Convoy SC.7". SC Convoy Series. Don Kindell, ConvoyWeb. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c Clydebuilt[dead link]
  8. ^ Hague, Arnold. "Convoy SC.85". SC Convoy Series. Don Kindell, ConvoyWeb. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Hague, Arnold. "Convoy SC.110". SC Convoy Series. Don Kindell, ConvoyWeb. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Hague, Arnold. "Convoy SC.126". SC Convoy Series. Don Kindell, ConvoyWeb. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 

External links[edit]