Sadhu Vaswani

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T. L. Vaswani
Sadhu Vaswani 1969 stamp of India.jpg
Thanwardas Lilaram Vaswani

(1879-11-25)25 November 1879 [1]
Died16 January 1966(1966-01-16) (aged 86)
Resting placeSacred Samadhi [2] at Sadhu Vaswani Mission, Pune, India
Home townHyderabad, Sindh[1]
ParentsLilaram (Father), Varandevi (Mother)
Military service
InstituteSadhu Vaswani Mission
Religious career
TeacherPramathalal Sen
SuccessorDada Vaswani

Sadhu Thanwardas Lilaram Vaswani Sindhi: साधू थांवरदास लीलाराम वास्वाणी Sādhū Thāṃvaradās Līlārām Vāsvāṇī (25 November 1879 – 16 January 1966)[3][4] Sadhu T. L. Vaswani was an Indian educationist who started the Mira Movement In Education and set up St. Mira's School in Hyderabad, Sindh, and later moved to Pune after 1949.[5] A museum, Darshan Museum dedicated to his life and teaching was opened in Pune, in 2011.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Sadhu Vaswani was born Thanwardas Lilaram Vaswani, in Hyderabad Sind.[7] When he was a boy, he attended the Academy at Hyderabad-Sind. As a boy, he first learned about the sacred texts called the Upanishads from Brahmabandhav Upadhyay, a Brahmin from Bengal who adopted Christianity but later he realized that he did a mistake and in 1907 he did undergo prayashchittya (expression of reparation in Hindu custom) through a public ceremony to return into Hinduism. Later in his lifetime, Sadhu Vaswani was recognized as an accomplished proponent of the Upanishads and a skilled interpreter of the Bible and the Qur'an.[8]

He passed his Matriculation and completed his B.A. from the University of Bombay in 1899. After completing his B.A. examination, he received the Ellis Scholarship and became a Dakshina Fellow at D.J. Sind College in Karachi while studying for his master's degree. He received his M.A. degree also from the University of Bombay in 1902.[7] He then asked his mother for permission to devote his life to the service of God and man. His mother desired that her son have success in life and would not agree. As a result, Vaswani agreed to take a teaching job at his alma mater, Union Academy. His mother sought to arrange a marriage for her son but Vaswani vowed to remain a brahmachari and never to marry. He soon accepted a position as Professor of History and Philosophy at Metropolitan College in Calcutta. There in Calcutta Vaswani found his guru, Sri Promotholal Sen, called Naluda.[8]


After receiving his M.A. degree, at the age of 22, Vaswani took a job at Union Academy, his alma mater. After a few months, he accepted a position as a Professor of History and Philosophy at City College, Kolkata in 1903. In 1908 he moved to Karachi to join D. J. Science College as Professor of English and Philosophy, before participating in the Indian independence movement.[7][8]

In July 1910, when Vaswani was 30 years old, he and his guru, Sri Promotholal Sen, sailed from Mumbai to Berlin. In August 1910, they participated in the Welt Congress or the World Congress of Religions in Berlin. Sadhu Vaswani spoke to the conference as a representative of India and expressed a message of peace, tranquility, the helping and healing of India, and Atman.[7][8][9]

He was 40 years old when his mother died. He fulfilled his promise to her to work and make an income during her lifetime, but after her funeral he resigned his employment. In 1948, Vaswani reluctantly migrated to India from Sindh, which lay in the newly formed state of Pakistan.[10] Prior to his exile, he and his followers had stirred controversy after prasad was distributed as usual at his weekly meeting that took place two days after the death of Pakistan's founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.[10] The prasad ceremony was seen by local Muslims as an act to celebrate Jinnah's death.[10]

He was an early supporter of Mahatma Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement. Upon his motion and under his influence the Sind Political Conference of the Indian National Congress passed a resolution regarding the Non-cooperation program. He wrote many books, which include: India Arisen; Awake, Young India!; India's Adventure; India in Chains; The Secret of Asia; My Motherland; Builders of Tomorrow; and Apostles of Freedom.[9]

Gurudeve Sadhu Vaswani said, "There are so many who can believe only one thing at a time. I am so made as to rejoice in the many and behold the beauty of the One in the many. Hence my natural affinity to many religions; in them all I see revelations of the One Spirit. And deep in my heart is the conviction that I am a servant of all prophets." [11]

In Culture[edit]

Annually, the Sadhu Vaswani Mission, which exists to take forward the life and mission of Sadhu T. L. Vaswani, celebrates the International Meatless Day on Vaswani's birthday, 25 November, because he had strongly advocated universal practice of vegetarian living.[12] This is celebrated widely wherever Vaswani's heritage is recalled.

Awards and recognition[edit]


  1. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Sadhu Vaswani’s 50th Mahayagna (Anniversary) observed in Pune. NRInews24x7 (January 19, 2016). Retrieved on 2018-12-17.
  3. ^ "". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  4. ^ "Sadhu T. L. Vaswani". Archived from the original on 19 October 2012.
  5. ^ "History of Sadhu Vaswani Mission". Official website.
  6. ^ "Life and times of Sadhu Vaswani". DNA. 23 July 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d Biography Official web site, Retrieved June 2011,
  8. ^ a b c d J.P. Vaswani (2002). Sadhu Vaswani: His Life and Teachings. Sterling Publishers Pvt.Ltd. ISBN 81-207-2462-3.
  9. ^ a b J.P. Vaswani (2008). I Am a Sindhi: The Glorious Sindhi Heritage The Culture and Folklore of Sind. Sterling Paperbacks.
  10. ^ a b c Bhavnani, Nandita (2014). The Making of Exile: Sindhi Hindus and the Partition of India. Tranquebar Press. p. 434. ISBN 978-93-84030-33-9.
  11. ^ J.P. Vaswani. Many paths : one goal (2nd ed.). Sadhu Vaswani Mission (India): Gita Publishing House. ISBN 978-93-80743-11-0.
  12. ^ Vaswani, D.P., What is Meatless Day all about ?, Sadhu Vaswani Mission
  13. ^ Sadhu T. L. Vaswani. (2015-01-26). Retrieved on 2018-12-17.

External links[edit]