Sagittaria subulata

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Sagittaria subulata
Sagittaria subulata - Copenhagen Botanical Garden - DSC07957.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Alismataceae
Genus: Sagittaria
S. subulata
Binomial name
Sagittaria subulata
  • Alisma subulatum L.
  • Sagittaria lorata (Chapm.) Small
  • Sagittaria natans var. lorata Chapm.
  • Sagittaria natans var. pusilla (Nutt.) Chapm.
  • Sagittaria pusilla Nutt.
  • Sagittaria subulata subsp. lorata (Chapm.) R.T.Clausen
  • Sagittaria subulata var. lorata (Chapm.) Fernald
  • Sagittaria subulata var. pusilla (Nutt.) Buchenau

Sagittaria subulata, the awl-leaf arrowhead,[2] narrow-leaved arrowhead[3] or dwarf sagittaria, is an aquatic plant species that grows primarily in shallow brackish water along the seacoast, in marshes, estuaries, etc. It is native to the Republic of Colombia, the District of Columbia, Venezuela, and every US state along the coast from Massachusetts to Louisiana.[4][5] It has also been reported as naturalized in Great Britain on just three occasions; only one of these is recent and here it appears to have become extinct by 2010. It is also recorded as a non-native on the Azores, and on the Island of Java in Indonesia.[6]

Sagittaria subulata is a perennial herb up to 40 cm tall. Leaves are submersed or floating, narrowly linear to ovate, not lobed. Inflorescence floats on the surface of the water.[4][7][8]

Conservation status in the United States[edit]

It is listed as special concern in Connecticut,[9] as endangered in Massachusetts, as rare in Pennsylvania, and as historical in Rhode Island.[10]


  1. ^ The Plant List, Sagittaria subulata
  2. ^ "Sagittaria subulata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ a b "Sagittaria subulata in Flora of North America @". Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program map, Sagittaria subulata
  6. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Sagittaria subulata
  7. ^ Buchenau, Franz Georg Philipp. 1871. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Bremen 2: 490, Sagittaria subulata
  8. ^ von,, Linné, Carl; Lars,, Salvius, (1753-01-01). "Caroli Linnaei ... Species plantarum". 1.
  9. ^ "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015". State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 January 2018. (Note: This list is newer than the one used by and is more up-to-date.)
  10. ^ "Plants Profile for Sagittaria subulata (arumleaf arrowhead)". Retrieved 17 January 2018.

External links[edit]