Saint Apollonia (Zurbarán)
|Artist||Francisco de Zurbarán|
|Medium||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||113 cm × 66 cm (44 in × 26 in)|
Bought by the Louvre in 1867 from the collection of Marshal Soult, Duke of Dalmatia, this painting was perhaps part of the high altar of San José in the church of the Discalced Fathers of Mercy in Seville, together with a Saint Joseph Crowned by Christ and a God the Father now in the Museum of Fine Arts of Seville, and possibly a Saint Lucy in the Museum of Chartres, believed to be a companion piece to the Louvre painting - this last must be a studio work, however.
The painting can be grouped with the pictures for the altar in the transept of the church of San José in Seville, dated 1636. It belongs to Zurbarán's most balanced period, when he produced his greatest masterpieces.
Renaissance artists had clothed their saints in classical draperies. Adopting to a certain extent the attitude of the Middle Ages, certain 17th century painters, such as Georges de La Tour, Zurbarán, and Caravaggio dressed them in the contemporary fashion. The natural mediators between God and the faithful are thus seen in a kind of mystical familiarity.
- L. Monagle and A. Sawkins, "Historical analysis of Zurbarán's Saint Apollonia", Journal of the History of Dentistry, (2008) Winter;56(3):131-2.
- J. Gállego and J. Gudiol, Zurbarán, Alpine Fine Arts Collection (1987) passim
- Cf. Wiki entry s.v. "Saint Apollonia"
- Gállego, Julián; Gudiol, José. Zurbarán. London: Alpine Fine Arts Collection (1987).
- Kehrer, Hugo Ludwig, Francisco de Zurbarán, Bastian Books (2008).
- Nooteboom, Cees, Zurbarán: Selected Painting: 1625-1664, Schirmer/Mosel Verlag GmbH (2011).
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