Manishtushu

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Manishtushu
𒈠𒀭𒅖𒌅𒋢
Statue de Manishtusu - Sb 47 - Antiquités orientales du Louvre.jpg
Statue de Manishtusu. The inscription on the robe is in Elamite, added in the 12th century BC. According to it, the statue was taken from Akkad and brought to Susa in the 12th century CE by king Shutruk-Nakhunte.[1] Louvre Museum
King of the Akkadian Empire
Reignc. 2270  BC – 2255  BC
PredecessorRimush
SuccessorNaram-Sin
IssueNaram-Sin
FatherSargon of Akkad
MotherTashlultum

Manishtushu (𒈠𒀭𒅖𒌅𒋢, Ma-an-ish-tu-su)[2] was a king of the Akkadian Empire from 2270 to 2255 BC (Middle Chronology).[3]

Biography[edit]

Manishtushu was the third king of the Akkadian Empire. He was the son of Sargon of Akkad and Queen Tashlultum, brother of En-hedu-ana, Rimush, and Shu-Enlil, and the father of Naram-Sin.

He became king in c. 2270 BC after the death of his brother Rimush. Manishtushu, freed of the rebellions of his brother's reign, led campaigns to distant lands. According to a passage from one of his inscriptions, he led a fleet down the Persian Gulf where 32 kings allied to fight him. Manishtushu was victorious and consequently looted their cities and silver mines, along with other expeditions to kingdoms along the Persian Gulf.[4] He also sailed a fleet down the Tigris River that eventually traded with 37 other nations, conquered the city of Shirasum in Elam,and rebuilt the destroyed temple of Inanna in Nineveh in c. 2260 BC. In c. 2255 BC he died, assassinated by members of his own court, and was succeeded by his son Naram-Sin. A pyramidal stele erected by Manishtushu bearing a long cuneiform inscription in Akkadian is featured in the Louvre.[5]

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Rimush
King of Akkad
King of Kish, Uruk, Lagash, and Umma
Overlord of Elam

ca. 2205 - 2191 BC (short)
Succeeded by
Naram-Sin

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Prudence O. (1992). Royal City of Susa: Ancient Near Eastern Treasures in the Louvre. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 165.
  2. ^ "Mace head of Manishtusu". British Museum.
  3. ^ "Obelisk". The Louvre. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  4. ^ Samuel Noah Kramer (2010-09-17). The Sumerians: Their History, Culture, and Character. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0 226 45238 7.
  5. ^ "Obelisk". The Louvre. Retrieved 17 May 2016.