Sami ul Haq

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Maulana
Sami ul Haq
مولانا سمیع الحق
chairman of Difa-e-Pakistan Council
Assumed office
October 2011
2nd Chancellor of Darul Uloom Haqqania
Assumed office
7 September 1988
Preceded by Abdul Haq
Pakistan Senator for North-West Frontier Province
In office
March 2003 – March 2009
February 1985 – March 1997
Member of Pakistan Majlis-e-Shoora
In office
1983–1985
Personal details
Born 18 December 1937
Akora Khattak, British India
Nationality Pakistani
Political party JUI-S
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal[1]
Alma mater Darul Uloom Haqqania
Occupation Islamic scholar, politician

Maulana Sami ul Haq (Urdu: مولانا سمیع الحق‎, Samī'u’l-Ḥaq; born 18 December 1937) is a Pakistani religious scholar and a politician.[1]

Career[edit]

He is regarded as the "Father of the Taliban"[2][3] because of the relationship between a student (Talib) and Teacher is a relationship of Father and Child, and had close ties to Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar.[4] Sami ul Haq is currently the chancellor of Darul Uloom Haqqania, a Deobandi Islamic seminary which is the alma mater of many prominent Taliban members. Haq serves as chairman of the Difa-e-Pakistan Council and is the leader of his own faction of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam political party, known as JUI-S.[5] Sami ul-Haq is also a founding member of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal.[1]

He has also served as a member of the Senate of Pakistan.[6][7] He formed Mutahida Deeni Mahaz (United Religious Front), an alliance of relatively small religio-political parties, to participate in Pakistani general election, 2013.[8] On 25 March 2013, he unveiled the electoral manifesto of the front, pledging that all high offices of the state, including the president, prime minister, chief justice and chiefs of armed forces, will be held only by Sunni Muslim men. It also talked of abolishing coeducation and training all adult Muslims for jihad.

Early life[edit]

Sami ul Haq was born on 18 December 1937 in Akora Khattak, North-West Frontier Province of British India (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). His father was Moulana Abdul Haq. He began his education in 1366 AH (1946 or 1947 CE) at Darul Uloom Haqqania, which was founded by his father. There he studied fiqh, usul al-fiqh, Arabic literature, logic, Arabic grammar (sarf and nahw), tafsir, and Hadith. He is well versed in Arabic but also uses Urdu, the national language of Pakistan, and the regional language of Pashto.[4]

Haq stated that US Ambassador to Pakistan has visited him in July 2013 to discuss the situation of the region. Haq openly promotes the Taliban re-take of Afghanistan. He stated: "Give them just one year and they will make the whole of Afghanistan happy... The whole of Afghanistan will be with them ... Once the Americans leave, all of this will happen within a year... As long as they are there, Afghans will have to fight for their freedom," Haq said. "It's a war for freedom. It will not stop until outsiders leave."[4]

Fatwa[edit]

In the backdrop of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan calling polio-vaccination un-Islamic and forcing people to quit vaccinating their children, Maulana Sami ul Haq on 9-December-2013, issued a fatwa in favour of polio vaccination, The fatwa says "vaccination against deadly diseases is helpful in their prevention according to research conducted by renowned medical specialists. It adds that the vaccines used against these diseases are in no way harmful".[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "VOICES FROM THE WHIRLWIND: Assessing Musharraf's Predicament - Sami ul-Haq: Powerful Religious Leader". Public Broadcasting Service (US Public TV website). March 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  2. ^ Ali, Imtiaz (23 May 2007). "The Father of the Taliban: An Interview with Maulana Sami ul-Haq". Spotlight on Terror. The Jamestown Foundation website. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  3. ^ Ali, Imtiaz (27 January 2009). "Maulana Sami ul-Haq: Father of the Taliban" (audio). Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c "Pakistani 'Father of Taliban' keeps watch over loyal disciples". Maria Golovnina and Sheree Sardar. Reuters News Agency website. 15 September 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Siddiqui, Taha (11 February 2012). "Difa-e-Pakistan Part 1/2: Jihadis itch for resurgence". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "Maulana Sami-ul-Haq". www.senate.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "Maulana Samiul Haq". www.senate.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "Muttahida Deeni Mahaz–another Political Alliance Formed". jamhuriat.pk. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "One drop at a time: Fatwa issued in favour of polio vaccination campaign - The Express Tribune (newspaper)". 10 December 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 

Sources[edit]