Samsenethai

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Samsenthai
King of Lan Xang
Reign 1374 - 1416
Coronation 1374
Predecessor Fa Ngum
Successor Lan Kham Deng
Born Oun Heuan
1357
Muang Sua, Lan Xang
Died 1416
Muang Sua, Lan Xang
Spouse Queen Keo Lot Fa (Ayutthaya)
Queen Bua Then Fa (Muang Sua)
Queen Noi On Sor (Lan Na)
Queen Keo Yot Fa (Ayutthaya)
Queen Keo Sida (Sip Song Panna)
Issue Prince Lusai
Prince Lan Kham Deng
Prince Kham Tam Sa
Prince Khon Kham
Prince Vang Buri
Princess Keo Kumari
Princess Anocha
Princess Manora
Princess Suphatthat
Princess Mahakai
Regnal name
Samdach Brhat-Anya Samu Sena Daya Daya Buvana Natha Adipati Sri Sadhana Kanayudha
Dynasty Khun Lo
Father Fa Ngum
Mother Keo Kang Ya
Religion Therevada Buddhism

Samsenethai (also called Oun Huan) was the second king of Lan Xang, the son of Fa Ngum, whom he succeeded.[1]

He ruled from 1372 until 1417. The origin of the name Samsenethai is thought to be a reflection of the political and social upheaval occurring within the area at the time of his rule. Samsenethai literally means "300,000 Thai," thus reflected the result of a census conducted in his reign. It is unclear whether the census included the entire population or just men capable of bearing arms.[citation needed]

There is also discussion as to whether during this period, the terms "Thai" and "Lao" were interchangeable, whether the term "Lao" yet[further explanation needed] existed, or whether "Thai" was used in his name to refer to the fact that the census included all Tai groups. Local Thai history records that Samsenethai's Mother was a high born lady of Ayuttaya (Siam - Thailand) and that she had brought Thai Ministers for the government of Lan Xiang (Lan Chiang). Also noteworthy, the flag adopted for Lan Xiang is a near copy of the flag of Ayuttaya. Red background with a White elephant in the center. For the duration of his 43-year reign, Lan Xang did not fight a single battle.[citation needed]

Samsenethai had five daughters; Princess Keo Koumari, Princess Anousa, Princess Manôra, Princess Souphutta, and Princess Siva Yaka. He had three sons by Princess Ngo Fa of Ayutthaya; Prince Lan Kham Deng, Prince Sai, Prince Khamtèm. His other sons, Prince Kongkèo, Prince Lu Xay, and Prince Fa Kheun's mother was Princess Noy Onsa of Lan Na.

Wat Manorom, Wat Oubôsôt, and Wat Xiang Kham were built in Samsenethai's reign. He was succeeded by his son Lan Kham Deng.

Samsenethai
Preceded by
Fa Ngum
King of Lan Xang
1373–1416
Succeeded by
Lan Kham Deng

References[edit]