Samukh District

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Map of Azerbaijan showing Samukh Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Samukh Rayon
Country Azerbaijan
Capital Nəbiağalı
 • Total 1,450 km2 (560 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 54,600
Zip Code AZ5100
Telephone code 0265
Road sign at the entrance to Samukh Rayon

Samukh (Azerbaijani: Samux) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. The administrative centre, also Samux, was formerly called Nəbiağalı and before that Safaraliyev.


The term Samukh comes from a Caucasian Albanian word for 'Forest Hunting Place'.[3] A related term, Samonis, is used to mark this area on Ptolomy's 2nd-century BC map of the Caucasus.[4] There are Bronze Age burial mounds around Samux Town.

As an administrative unit, an entity known as Samukh Rayon was formed in 1930, centred on Garachayly settlement. However, in 1954, the construction of Mingechevir Hydro Power Plant rendered the region impractical as an administrative unit and Samukh Rayon was abolished, its territory thereafter falling within an expanded Safaraliyev Rayon. Safaraliyev Rayon had itself been detached from the Ganjabasar on January 24, 1940 by Decree №11 of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1959, Safaraliyev Rayon was itself abolished. However, after Azerbaijan's independence, the entity was recreated albeit under the name Samukh Rayon according to Decree №72 of National Soviet of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan on February 18, 1992. Its administrative center, Safaraliyev settlement, was renamed Nəbiağalı on December 31, 1992, then renamed again as Samux during 2008.[5][6]


There are such rare trees as Eldar pear and Gum-tree, which grow right on rocks, not saline lands. The tree grows only on an area of 392 hectares in Samukh. The Eldar pine-tree emits a lot of oxygen, therefore, it is good for those suffering from asthma.[7]


  1. ^ "Samux rayonu". 
  2. ^ "Samux rayonu". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 
  3. ^ Azerbaijan Guidebook (Fourth Edition), AzerOlympicInternational Publishing House (2007) p.262
  4. ^ History article about Samux
  5. ^ "Samux Rayonu". 
  6. ^ "Самухский район". 
  7. ^ "Ganjabasar". 

Coordinates: 40°49′57″N 46°30′35″E / 40.83250°N 46.50972°E / 40.83250; 46.50972