San José del Golfo
|San José del Golfo|
|Incorporated to El Progreso Department||1908|
|Incorporated to Guatemala Department||1920|
|• Total||32 sq mi (84 km2)|
|Elevation||3,050 ft (930 m)|
San José del Golfo is a municipality in the Guatemala department of Guatemala. The Municipality of San José del Golfo is located 28 kilometers from the Capital City to the north-east of Guatemala. Its territory is broken, it belongs to the mountainous region of the Central Highlands of the Republic. The Municipality of San José del Golfo, was established under the Government of general Justo Rufino Barrios, by Decree No. 683 of March 17, 1882, and was annexed to the El Progreso Department on April 13, 1908, however years later by Decree No. 756 on June 9, 1920 it joined the Guatemala Department.
San José del Golfo has abundant natural resources, with traditional quartz mining. However, the gold mining proyect of "El Tambor" has been opposed firmly by a community group called "La Puya" (English: "The sting") since 2012, as it accuses the mining of environmental pollution. Here is the sequence of events that have occurred at the location:
|2 March 2012||
|20 December 2013||A study reveals that local women have shown their determination and leadership in front of their men given that they have been able to successfully keep a twenty-month camp outside of "El Tambor" mine.|
|27 February 2014||The mining company withdraws its equipment from San José del Golfo.|
|23 May 2014||
|27 May 2014||
|26 May 2015||After a peaceful discussion, "La Puya" members allowed at least thirty mining employees to leave the premises in San José del Golfo. Given the tense situation that was created around this event, the National Police sent their anti riot team, just as a prevention, but it did not see action.|
|4 August 2015||Several trucks escorted by anti riot police entered "El Tambor" mine; upon noticing this situation, numerous community members blocked the main entrance to prevent more trucks from going in. Once again, the judiciary system alleged that the freedom of locomotion rights was being violated and asked the community to disperse.|
Notes and references
- Escalante Herrera, Marco Antonio (2010). "San José del Golfo". Pbase.com (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- Mercantante, Rob (11 March 2014). "The peaceful anti-mining resistance at "La Puya" celebrates two years of struggle". Upside down world. Archived from the original on 16 January 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Emisoras Unida & 20 de diciembre de 2013
- "PNC desaloja a pobladores del ingreso de la mina". Emisoras Unidas (in Spanish). Guatemala. 23 May 2014. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Ligan a proceso a cuatro líderes comunitarioa de La Puya". Emisoras Unidas (in Spanish). Guatemala. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on May 31, 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "PHD revisará los videos del desalojo de La Puya". Emisoras Unidas (in Spanish). Guatemala. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on July 5, 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Comunitarios de La Puya rechazan proyecto minero". Emisoras Unidas (in Spanish). Guatemala. 26 May 2015. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Persiste conflictividad en la Puya por proyecto minero". ElPeriódico (in Spanish). Guatemala. 4 August 2015. Archived from the original on August 4, 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.