San Martín, Mendoza

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San Martín
City
City Hall San Martín
City Hall San Martín
San Martín is located in Argentina
San Martín
San Martín
Location of San Martín in Argentina
Coordinates: 33°04′50″S 68°28′14″W / 33.08056°S 68.47056°W / -33.08056; -68.47056Coordinates: 33°04′50″S 68°28′14″W / 33.08056°S 68.47056°W / -33.08056; -68.47056
Country  Argentina
Province Mendoza
Department San Martín
Founded December 20, 1816
Founded by Jorge Omar Giminez
Area
 • Total 1,504 km2 (581 sq mi)
Elevation 770 m (2,530 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 892,222
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base M5570
Dialing code +54 02623
Climate BWk

San Martín is a city in the north-center part of the Mendoza Province in Argentina. It is the capital of the San Martín Department and constitutes, with Palmira and La Colonia, the third-largest metropolitan area in the province.

History[edit]

The first San Martín inhabitants were the Huarpe Milkayak people. The territory was governed by the tribal chief called Pallamay until 1563, when the first Europeans under the command of the Captain Pedro Moyano Cornejo, arrived to the area.

The city was known as Rodeo de Moyano or, alternatively, as La Reducción (Spanish: The Reduction); but its name was changed to Villa Los Barriales in 1816, when it was included in the Corocorto Priesthood of Mendoza Province and officially established by the Governor of Mendoza, Toribio de Luzuriaga.

San Martín came into prominence in the war of the Argentine independence period, when José de San Martín received an extensive land grant in the area to take advantage of agriculture and help the Chilean army of Bernardo O'Higgins in an effort to prevent new Spanish invasions from Chile to Argentina. In 1823, the governor Pedro Molina changed the name of the city yet again in homage to the Argentine general José de San Martín,[1] who, besides his inestimable historical role, contributed many innovations to the local farming sector and in viticulture, particularly.

In 1885, the first railway arrived in San Martin, uniting Buenos Aires with Mendoza and Chile. This development brought many Italian immigrants to the area from Buenos Aires; during the 1950s and '60s, National Route 7 was built between Buenos Aires and Mendoza Province, converting the city into an important distribution center along the most important highway between Buenos Aires and Santiago, Chile.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Martín, Mendoza
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.7
(108.9)
40.6
(105.1)
37.0
(98.6)
33.6
(92.5)
30.8
(87.4)
30.1
(86.2)
32.1
(89.8)
33.5
(92.3)
35.7
(96.3)
40.4
(104.7)
40.5
(104.9)
43.3
(109.9)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
31.0
(87.8)
27.5
(81.5)
23.8
(74.8)
19.2
(66.6)
15.2
(59.4)
15.0
(59)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
25.7
(78.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.6
(88.9)
24.2
(75.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
23.2
(73.8)
19.9
(67.8)
15.9
(60.6)
11.0
(51.8)
7.4
(45.3)
7.2
(45)
10.1
(50.2)
12.5
(54.5)
17.7
(63.9)
21.1
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
16.2
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
16.8
(62.2)
14.2
(57.6)
10.4
(50.7)
5.7
(42.3)
2.3
(36.1)
1.9
(35.4)
4.1
(39.4)
6.1
(43)
10.7
(51.3)
13.7
(56.7)
16.7
(62.1)
10.0
(50)
Record low °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
4.0
(39.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−2.8
(27)
−6.6
(20.1)
−6.8
(19.8)
−9.0
(15.8)
−7.0
(19.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.4
(36.3)
−9.0
(15.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.4
(1.197)
37.1
(1.461)
20.7
(0.815)
7.1
(0.28)
5.7
(0.224)
5.4
(0.213)
13.0
(0.512)
4.9
(0.193)
16.6
(0.654)
6.5
(0.256)
15.8
(0.622)
24.0
(0.945)
187.2
(7.37)
Average precipitation days 6 5 4 2 2 2 3 1 4 2 4 6 41
Average relative humidity (%) 57 60 67 71 71 73 70 58 58 53 53 53 62
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[2]
Source #2: Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ San Martín was the first city in South America named in homage to José de San Martín.
  2. ^ "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981–1990)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved October 26, 2015. 
  3. ^ "San Martin, Mendoza". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved October 26, 2015. 

External links[edit]