San Miguel (volcano)

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San Miguel
Volcán Chaparrastique
Vulkan Chaparrastique, El Salvador 2013 04.JPG
Volcano in 2013
Highest point
Elevation2,130 m (6,990 ft)
Coordinates13°25′54″N 88°16′17″W / 13.43167°N 88.27139°W / 13.43167; -88.27139Coordinates: 13°25′54″N 88°16′17″W / 13.43167°N 88.27139°W / 13.43167; -88.27139
LocationSan Miguel Department, El Salvador
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionJanuary 2016[1]

San Miguel (also known as Volcán Chaparrastique) is a stratovolcano in central-eastern El Salvador, approximately 15 km southwest of the city of San Miguel. On January 16, 2002, a minor eruption of steam, gas, and ash occurred from the summit crater,[2] lasting 3 hours but causing no real damage to life or property. Carbon dioxide emissions had been monitored since November 2001, and their steady increase continued to build up until the eruption.[2]

Eleven years later,[3] on December 29, 2013, San Miguel erupted at 10:30 local time spewing ash and smoke into the sky, and prompted the evacuation of thousands of people living in a 3 km radius around the volcano.[4] It was preceded and caused by increased seismic activity beginning at 06:30 local time.[4]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Voiland, Adam. "Eruption of San Miguel, El Salvador". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b Perez, Nemesio (April 2006). "Anomalous Diffuse CO2 Emission Prior to the January 2002 Short-Term Unrest at San Miguel Volcano". Pure and Applied Geophysics. doi:10.1007/s00024-006-0050-1.
  3. ^ Tadeo, Maria (30 December 2013). "El Salvador begins evacuation after Chaparrastique volcano erupts for the first time in 37 years". The Independent. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  4. ^ a b San Miguel volcano (El Salvador): new eruption. Volcano Discovery. Retrieved 30 December 2013.

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