Telica (volcano)

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Telica
Volcán Telica
Telica.jpg
Telica
Elevation 1,061 m (3,481 ft)
Location
Telica is located in Nicaragua
Telica
Telica
Location in Nicaragua
Location León Department, Nicaragua
Coordinates 12°36′07″N 86°50′42″W / 12.602°N 86.845°W / 12.602; -86.845Coordinates: 12°36′07″N 86°50′42″W / 12.602°N 86.845°W / 12.602; -86.845
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption May 2015 (ongoing)

Telica (Spanish: Volcán Telica)[1] is a stratovolcano, one of several volcanoes of the Nicaraguan volcanic front. It is located in Telica municipality, in the León department of Nicaragua.[2] One of Nicaragua's most active volcanoes, Telica has erupted frequently, and ash from those frequent eruptions keeps the slopes of its cone bare of vegetation.[3]

Volcanism[edit]

Telica has six cones, the tallest of which is 1061 meters high. There is a double crater at the top, 700 meters wide and 120 meters deep.[2] Telica has erupted frequently since the Spanish Era.[2] The most recent eruption was in 2015.

In terms of explosive force, Telica's largest eruption has been rated with a VEI of 4. That eruption occurred in 1529.[4]

2007 eruption. In january and february 2007, small ash eruptions ocured producing ash clouds reaching altitudes of 5000 ft (1,8 km).

1999-2000 eruptions. Telica volcano became active in august 1999. An eruption produced ash fall and on august the 18th a lava lake was observed in the summit crater. The ash eruptions continued until february 2000 and declined afterwards.

2015 eruptions. In the afternoon of May 7, the Telica volcano increased its volcanic activity, with explosions and low-intensity earthquakes. These explosions produced gas emissions and volcanic ash. On May 11 it spewed fiery rocks and gases dusting nearby towns with ash. The volcano has registered over 64 small eruptions since May 7. No major damage or injuries were reported.

Tourism[edit]

The general proximity to the city of León makes Telica a popular tourist attraction. Several tourism agencies offer the trek as a two-day tour. The trek is moderately strenuous, taking approximately 5 hours one-way.[5]

High temperatures, lack of water access and trail markers make the hike slightly more difficult. Most hikes enter through the small town of San Jacinto, known for its bubbling mud pits and small geothermal electric generation plant. Wanderer on Telica Volcano 2011

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Volcán Telica: Nicaragua". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  2. ^ a b c "Telica". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  3. ^ "Telica Volcano, Nicaragua". Volcano Photos. Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  4. ^ "Large Volcano Explocivity Index". Allcountries.org. Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  5. ^ "Volcán Telica". Quetzaltrekkers. Retrieved 2011-02-09.