San Miguel de Socorro

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San Miguel Church
San Miguel de Socorro Church Socorro Nov 2013.jpg
San Miguel de Socorro Church, Nov 2013
San Miguel de Socorro is located in New Mexico
San Miguel de Socorro
San Miguel de Socorro is located in the US
San Miguel de Socorro
Location 403 El Camino Real St. NW, Socorro, New Mexico
Coordinates 34°3′37″N 106°53′38″W / 34.06028°N 106.89389°W / 34.06028; -106.89389Coordinates: 34°3′37″N 106°53′38″W / 34.06028°N 106.89389°W / 34.06028; -106.89389
Built c. 1821 (c. 1821)
Architectural style Spanish Colonial, Mission/Spanish Colonial Revival
MPS Camino Real in New Mexico, AD 1598-1881 MPS
NRHP Reference # 16000162[1]
NMSRCP # 291
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 12, 2016
Designated NMSRCP July 27, 1973

San Miguel de Socorro is the Catholic church in Socorro, New Mexico, built on the ruins of the old Nuestra Señora de Socorro mission. The old mission was built around 1626, but was destroyed in 1680 during the Pueblo Revolt.[2] A portion of the adobe wall of the old church remains today and still can be seen behind glass just left of the altar. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.

San Miguel is administered by the Archdiocese of Santa Fe.

History and legend[edit]

According to the San Miguel website, it is the oldest Catholic church in the United States, founded in 1598.[3] Although the village of Socorro was founded at this time, and the Nuestra Senora de Socorro was built in the 17th century, San Miguel itself was not built until the 19th century.[4] The construction of the church was most likely completed by 1821 when the first church baptisms, burials and marriages were recorded.[5]

Local legend has it that during an Apache raid, an angel appeared and scared off the invaders. Parishioners thus decided to name the church after St. Michael, the archangel who supposedly saved the village.[6]

The last pre-American-occupation governor of New Mexico, Manuel Armijo, is buried at the church.[7][8]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "San Miguel Church, National Register of Historic Places Program". National Park Service. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  2. ^ Marshal, Michael P. & Walt, Henry J., “Rio Abajo: Prehistory and History of a Rio Grande Province” (Santa Fe: New Mexico Historical Preservation Program, 1984), p 248-249
  3. ^ “San Miguel Catholic Church” http://www.sdc.org/~smiguel/
  4. ^ Marshal & Walt “Rio Abajo“ p 248-249
  5. ^ Conron, John P. “Socorro: A Historic Survey” (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1980.), p. 7
  6. ^ “San Miguel Catholic Church: History” http://www.sdc.org/~smiguel/about.htm
  7. ^ Ramirez Alief, Teresa, et al., eds. “New Mexico Census of 1833 and 1845: Socorro and Surrounding Communities of the Rio Abajo.” (Albuquerque: New Mexico Genealogical Society, Inc., 1994.) p.xiii.
  8. ^ Baca, Robert J. C. (2001) "Other Lemitar, Socorro Co, NM Burial Sites"

External links[edit]