Sarawan was a division of the former princely state of Kalat in Baluchistan, Pakistan, with an area 4,339 square miles (11,240 km2). To the north were Quetta, Pishin, Bolan Pass and Sibi District. On the south was the minor state of Jhalawan. The main mountain ranges are Nagau, Bhaur, Zamuri hills, Bangulzai hills with the peaks of Moro, Dilband and Harboi.
Sarawan country was ruled by many empires including the Ghaznavid Empire and Ghorid empires, until the end of the 15th century. In the 17th century Mir Ahmad Khan of Kalat gained the country from the Mughal governor Agha Jafar. In 1758, Ahmad Shah Durrani was defeated first by Nasir Khan, ruler of Kalat but later Durrani assaulted Kalat itself. Nasir Khan the second was brought on throne by Sarawan tribesmen in the 1840s rebellion but in the 1871 Brahuis were badly defeated at Khad in the outskirts of Mastung by Mir Khudadad Khan of Kalat.
In 1901, the total population was 65,549, most of the population were Sunni Muslims and very few Hindu traders. The majority of the population were Brahui and the minority were Balochis. The centre of the country were Dehwars, Khorasanis and Johanis. The main tribes in the country were Lehris, Bangulzais, Kurds, Shahwanis, Muhammad Shahis, Tareens, Raisanis and Sarparas.
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