Sarawan was a division of the former princely state of Kalat in Baluchistan, Pakistan, with an area 4,339 square miles (11,240 km2). To the north were Quetta, Pishin, Bolan Pass and Sibi District. On the south was the minor state of Jhalawan. The main mountain ranges are Nagau, Bhaur, Zamuri hills, Bangulzai hills with the peaks of Moro, Dilband and Harboi.
Sarawan country was ruled by many empires including the Ghaznavid Empire and Ghorid empires, until the end of the 15th century. In 1666 Mir Aḥmad Khan Qambrani Baloch was ruler of Balochistan. In 1758, Muhammad Nasir Khan I got freedom from Afghanistan by defeating Ahmad Shah Durrani in Kalat. Nasir Khan II was brought on throne by Sarawan tribesmen in the 1840s.
In 1901, the total population was 65,549, most of the population were Sunni Muslims and very few Hindu traders. The majority of the population were brahuis. The centre of the country were Dehwars, Khorasanis and Johanis. The main tribes in the country were Lehris, Bangulzais, Kurds, Shahwanis, Muhammad Shahis, Tareens, Raisanis and Sarparas.Nawab Muhammad Aslam Raisani is the current head of Raisani tribe and chief or Nawab of all the tribes in Sarawan
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