Sarawan was a division of the former princely state of Kalat in Baluchistan, Pakistan, with an area 4,339 square miles (11,240 km2). To the north were Quetta, Pishin, Bolan Pass and Sibi District. On the south was the minor state of Jhalawan. The main mountain ranges are Nagau, Bhaur, Zamuri hills, Bangulzai hills with the peaks of Moro, Dilband and Harboi.
Sarawan tribal area was ruled by many empires including the Ghaznavid Empire and Ghorid empires, until the end of the 15th century. In 1666 Mir Aḥmad Khan Qambrani was ruler of brahuistan khanate of kalat with the help of Dehwars. In 1758, Muhammad Nasir Khan I got freedom from Afghanistan by defeating Ahmad Shah Durrani in Kalat. Nasir Khan II was brought on throne by Sarawan tribesmen in the 1840s.
In 1901, the total population was 65,549, most of the population were Sunni Muslims and very few Hindu traders. The majority of the population were brahuis. The centre of the area were Dehwars, Khorasanis and Johanis. The main tribes in the area were Dehwars, Lehris, Bangulzais, Kurds, Shahwanis, Muhammad Shahis and Sarparas.
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