|Near Priozersk in Kazakhstan|
|Type||Anti-ballistic missile testing range|
|Operator||Russian Aerospace Forces|
|In use||1958- current|
On 17 August 1956 the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union authorized plans for an experimental facility for missile defense located at Sary Shagan, on the west bank of Lake Balkhash. The first missile launched from the facility was a V-1000 on 16 October 1958, but the facilities for full scale testing were not ready until 1961. Sary Shagan remains in use to this day, with the latest known launch at 4 March 2014. Sary Shagan was a closed city until 2005.
The length of the site is 480 km.
Other notable military complexes on site
The Sary Shagan site has hosted a number of radar prototypes such as the Don-2NP. Also there is Balkhash-9 radar station a few km away which started in the 1960s and still functions as part of the Russian missile warning network.
References in Fiction
- The Sary Shagan site is one of the USSR ABM/SDI sites featured in the Tom Clancy novel The Cardinal of the Kremlin.
- The site is mentioned in the manga 'Battle Angel Alita' in reference to a supposedly historical weapon, a 'scalar field' device called the 'Sarishagan tiger'.
- Encyclopedia Astronautica - "Sary Shagan"
- FAS.org - "Sary Shagan General Overview"
- - ruvr.ru - "Russia’s space forces launch missile shield rocket"
- James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (n.d.). "Sary-Shagan". Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI). Retrieved 2012-01-08.