Satal Rathore of Marwar

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Rao of Marwar
Reign 6 April 1489 – March 1492
Died 1492
Dynasty Rathore

Rao Satal Ji Rathore (reigned 1489–1492) was a 15th-century ruler of Marwar. He was the son of Rao Jodha. Rao Satal is considered as one of the greatest martyrs of his race, as he sacrificed his own life to keep the honour of his subjects.[1]

On hearing that Afghan soldiers had abducted 140 girls from a village near Mertia, he set out with an army to rescue the girls. Satal led his men to rescue the girls despite a Rajput tradition of not engaging in battle after sunset. The Afghan warlord Gudhla Khan had Herculean strength and the armour he wore was so heavy that no weapon could pierce it, Rao Satal was fatally wounded while fighting Gudhla but he was able to kill him by severing his head through an opening in his armour. Rao Satal saved the girls and personally escorted them to their village, but he succumbed to his wounds and died that night. He was succeeded by his brother Suja.[2]

In commemoration of this event a festival is held in Marwar in march. At sunset, on the appointed day, young married girls make their way to the local potter’s home to get earthen pot, which is riddled with holes. The girls place an oil lamp in the earthen pot and the procession wends its way through the streets with the pot held high midst a chanting of folk song Gudhla ghoomelaji. After sunset the pot is taken to the nearest lake and gently cast away.

The riddled pot symbolises the head of Gudhla Khan and the festival acknowledges the long-dead king who lost his life in the protection of his subjects.[3]


  1. ^ Singh, Mahendra Pratap. "Marwar: Land of Death". The Rathore. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  2. ^ Vyas, Varsha S. (2007). Rajasthan, the Quest for Sustainable Development. New Delhi: Academic Foundation. p. 355.
  3. ^ Rajasthan: A Mosaic of Culture
Satal Rathore of Marwar
Preceded by
Rao of Marwar
6 April 1489 – March 1492
Succeeded by