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Beach at Sambava, Sava
Location in Madagascar
|• Total||25,518 km2 (9,853 sq mi)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC3 (EAT)|
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Sava is a region of northern Madagascar. Its capital is Sambava. Until 2009 Sava belonged to Antsiranana Province. The region is situated at the northern part of the east coast of Madagascar. It is bordered by Diana to the north, Sofia to the west, and Analanjirofo to the south. The population was 1,123,013 in 2018 and the total area is 25,518 km2 (9,853 sq mi). The region contains wild areas such as Marojejy National Park.
The name of the region is composed of the initial letters of its four principal towns: Sambava, Antalaha, Iharana (Vohimaro), and Andapa. Each of these towns claims the honorific title World Capital of Vanilla, a spice which the region is the largest producer of in the world (especially the highly sought-after Bourbon vanilla variety).
The economic importance of the vanilla cultivation in the Sava Region encouraged the reconstruction of the road that connects the towns, called the Route de la vanille (The Vanilla Route), in the second half of 2005. However, due to the volatile fluctuations in the price of vanilla, in turn often caused by the dramatic cyclones occurring in the southwestern Indian Ocean, many poor vanilla farmers in the Sava Region have periodically been forced to resort to the mostly illegal logging of ebony, palisander, and rosewood.
The Sava Region is divided into four districts, which are subdivided into 75 communes:
- Loky Manambato New Protected Area
- Makirovana Tsihomanaomby New Protected Area
- Marojejy National Park
- Part of Masoala National Park
- Anjanaharibe-Sud Reserve
- Part of Makira Natural Park
- Part of COMATSA Avaratra New Protected Area
- Part of COMATSA Atsimo New Protected Area
- Macolline Park (private) 
The main rivers of the Sava Region are (north to south):
- Manambato River
- Manambaty River
- Fanambana River
- Bemarivo River
- Androranga River
- Lokoho River
- Onive River
- "Troisieme Recensement General de la Population et de L'Habitation (RGPH-3) Resultats Provisoires" (PDF). Institut National de la Statistique Madagascar. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- Ralison, Eliane; Goossens, Frans. "Madagascar: Profil des marchés pour les évaluations d'urgence de la sécurité alimentaire" (PDF) (in French). Programme Alimentaire Mondial, Service de l’Evaluation des besoins d’urgence (ODAN). Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- Sava Region – official site
- Palms of the summit trail of Marojejy National Park, Sava, MADAGASCAR. Free Download: http://fieldguides.fieldmuseum.org/guides/guide/709