Scalp Level, Pennsylvania

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Scalp Level, Pennsylvania
Borough
Houses on Somerset Street
Houses on Somerset Street
ScalpLevel is located in Pennsylvania
ScalpLevel
Scalp
Level
Coordinates: 40°15′04″N 78°50′23″W / 40.25111°N 78.83972°W / 40.25111; -78.83972Coordinates: 40°15′04″N 78°50′23″W / 40.25111°N 78.83972°W / 40.25111; -78.83972
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Cambria
Settled 1835
Incorporated 1898
Government
 • Type Borough council
Area
 • Total 0.66 sq mi (1.71 km2)
 • Land 0.66 sq mi (1.71 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,772 ft (540 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 778
 • Density 1,181/sq mi (455.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 814

Scalp Level is a borough in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 778 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

According to tradition, the borough was so named after a local property owner ordered his farmhands to "scalp them bushes level".[2]

The Windber Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.[3]

Geography[edit]

Scalp Level is located on the southern border of Cambria County at 40°15′4″N 78°50′23″W / 40.25111°N 78.83972°W / 40.25111; -78.83972 (40.250976, -78.839813).[4] It is bordered to the south by the boroughs of Paint and Windber in Somerset County. It is in the valley of Paint Creek, a west-flowing tributary of the Stonycreek River, which flows north to form the Conemaugh River in the center of Johnstown, 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Scalp Level.

U.S. Route 219, a four-lane expressway, passes 2 miles (3 km) northwest of Scalp Level, leading southwest 24 miles (39 km) to Somerset and northeast 19 miles (31 km) to Ebensburg, the Cambria County seat. Pennsylvania Route 56 runs through the center of Scalp Level and leads southeast 31 miles (50 km) to Bedford.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough of Scalp Level has a total area of 0.66 square miles (1.7 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 450
1910 1,424 216.4%
1920 1,690 18.7%
1930 1,875 10.9%
1940 1,950 4.0%
1950 1,756 −9.9%
1960 1,445 −17.7%
1970 1,353 −6.4%
1980 1,186 −12.3%
1990 1,158 −2.4%
2000 851 −26.5%
2010 778 −8.6%
Est. 2014 749 [5] −3.7%
Sources:[6][7][8]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 851 people, 347 households, and 234 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,368.5 people per square mile (530.0/km²). There were 375 housing units at an average density of 603.0 per square mile (233.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.53% White, 0.24% African American, and 0.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.

There were 347 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $25,956, and the median income for a family was $30,515. Males had a median income of $26,354 versus $17,216 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,108. About 9.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Scalp Level borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  2. ^ Remington, Frank L. (Sep 8, 1969). "Take a Good Look at the US Map. Towns Have the Craziest Names". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 1. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.